Cocos nucifera / Cocosboom
Coconut (C. nucifera) oil was shown to have antiseptic effects and is used as an efficient, safe skin moisturizer. This suggested that its traditional use as a lotion in many parts of America is well founded. Its selective antibacterial effects  also make it useful for topical applications in wound healing. Other studies have suggested that extracts from C. nucifera husk fibers could be useful in the treatment of leishmaniasis. In traditional Mexican medicine, C. nucifera has been used to treat trichomoniasis, dysentery, and enteropathogens. These uses are consistent with its antimicrobial effects. Moreover, recent pharmacological studies have demonstrated that extracts of C. nucifera could be used as an alternative method to treat drug resistant enteric infections. In vivo assays demonstrated that C. nucifera extract had low toxicity, and that it did not induce dermic or ocular reactions . Thus, considering its potent antioxidant activity and low toxicity, husk fiber extracts of C. nucifera have potential in the treatment of oral diseases . Furthermore, its aqueous extract may be a source of new drugs with anti-neoplastic and anti-multidrug resistance activities. It is of great interest for cancer therapy to identify new compounds that are able to overcome resistance mechanisms and lead to tumor cell death.
Agero AL, Verallo-Rowell VM: A randomized double-blind controlled trial comparing extra virgin coconut oil with mineral oil as a moisturizer for mild to moderate xerosis.
Dermatitis 2004 , 15:109-116. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text
Esquenazi D, Wigg MD, Miranda MMFS, Rodrigues HM, Tostes JBF, Rozental S, Silva AJR, Alviano CS: Antimicrobial and antiviral activities of polyphenolics from Cocos nucifera Linn. (Palmae) husk fiber extract.
Res Microbiol 2002 , 153:647-652. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text
Alviano DS, Rodrigues KF, Leitão SG, Rodrigues ML, Matheus ML, Fernández PD, Antoniolli AR, Alviano CS: Antinociceptive and free radical scavenging activities of Cocos nucifera L. (Palmae) husk fiber aqueous extract.
J Ethnopharmacol 2004 , 92:269-273. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text
Mendonca-Filho RR, Rodrigues IA, Alviano DS, Santos ALS, Soares RMA, Alviano CS, Lopes AHCS, Rosa MS: Leishmanicidal activity of polyphenolic-rich extract from husk fiber of Cocos nucifera Linn. (Palmae).
Res Microbiol 2004 , 155:136-143. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text