On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 29 th

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1804 - Dutch aviation pioneer Abraham Hopman performed the 1st flight over netherlands with his homemade balloon from Rotterdam to Schiedam in 50 minutes.

1892 - Birth of Andre Marie Paul Petit-Delchet, French WWI flying ace. -

1893 - Birth of Friedrich Ritter von Röth, German WWI fighter and balloon busting ace. -

1895 - Birth of Roscoe Turner, American aviator who was a 3 time winner of the Thompson Trophy. -

1907 - 1st flight of The Breguet-Richet Gyroplane N°1, early French experimental rotary-wing aircraft developed by Breguet. 1st time a rotary-wing device had lifted itself and a pilot into the air.

1907 - Birth of Orvon Grover 'Gene' Autry, American only celebrity to have five stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame who served as a C-47 Skytrain pilot in the USAAF during WWII, flying dangerous missions over the Himalayas, nicknamed the Hump, between Burma and China.

1908 - 1st fully authenticated take-off with a 'hop' of 71.3m of The British Army Aeroplane No 1 (or sometimes Cody 1) .

1911 - Death of Paul Engelhardt, German early aviator, killed in a crash during a meeting.

1912 - Birth of Bartolomeo Tomasino, Italian WWII pilot.

1913 - Death of Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel, German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the Diesel engine.

1913 - French Maurice Prévost wins the Gordon Bennett Cup in Reims, flying the Deperdussin Monocoque, setting a record speed of 203,85km/h. -

1917 - Birth of Vittorio Sanseverino, Italian WWII pilot, known for having test-flown a large part of the aircraft built by FIAT for the postwar Italian Air Force.

1917 - Birth of Jean Bertin, French aeronautical engineer

1918 - Death of Nicholson Stewart Boulton, British WWI flying ace, Killed in action in his Bristol F.2b.

1918 - Death of Edward Barfoot Drake, British WWI flying ace, killed his Sopwith Camel by ground fire.

1918 - Death of Leslie Edwin Mitchell, British WWI flying ace, Killed in action in his Bristol F.2b.

1918 - Death of Frank Luke Jr., American WWI fighter ace, ranking second among U.S. Army Air Service pilots after Captain Eddie Rickenbacker, Landing his damaged SPAD XIII behind ennemy lines and Approached by German infantry, Luke drew his Colt Model 1911 pistol and fired a few rounds at his attackers before dying.. -

1922 - 1st flight of The Thomas-Morse R-5 (TM-22), American single-engined parasol monoplane racing aircraft

1926 - 1st flight of the FBA 17 HL 1, French 1-seat catapulatable single engine biplane liaison flying boat prototype. -

1927 - Death of Georg Wulf, German aviation pionneer, test pilot and aircraft designer, co-founder of the Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG company, killed in the crash of the Fw-19a 'Ente' during a demonstration of single-engine flight. -

1929 - French Dieudonne Costes and Maurice Bellonte arrive at Moullart , Manchuria in a Breguet 19 Super Bidon named 'Question Mark', having set a new distance record of 7,905 km (4,912 miles) from Le Bourget, France. -

1931 - 1st flight of The Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk M.F.11 (Høver M.F.11), Norwegian 3-seat, single-engined biplane used by the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service for maritime reconnaissance in the decade before WWII. The M.F. 11 was the main aircraft of the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service up until the German invasion of Norway in 1940.

1931 - Flight Lieutenant G.H. Stainforth sets a new world speed record, breaking the 400mph barrier. The flight, in a Supermarine S6B, reaches 654kph (406mph) and takes place at Ryde on the Isle of Wight.

1931 - 1st fighter designed by the Lockheed firm at Burbank, California, the Lockheed-Detroit YP-24 (2 seat Fighter prototype) is delivered to the US Army.

1933 - Birth of Mars Zakirovich Rafikov, Soviet fighter pilot and Cosmonaut.

1934 - An Airspeed Courier of London, Scottish & Provincial Airways Ltd crashed at Tiverton Bottom, Shoreham, Kent, Killin all 4. An eyewitness stated that he thought the pilot may have stalled trying to avoid high tension power lines.,_Scottish_%26_Provincial_Airways_Airspeed_Courier_crash

1935 - British Airways Ltd is formed by the merger of Spartan Air Lines Ltd, United Airways Ltd, and Hillman's Airways.

1936 - Charles W.A. Scott and Giles Guthrie takes off their Percival Vega Gull in the Schlesinger Air Race from Portsmouth, UK to Rand, South Africa.

1940 - Avro Ansons L9162 and N4876 of No. 2 Service Flying Training School RAAF collided in mid-air and became locked together in flight. A successful emergency landing was made at Brocklesby, New South Wales. L9162 became a ground instructional airframe, whilst N4876 was repaired and returned to service.

1942 - 1st flight of the Australian built De Havilland D.H.84 Dragon, British twin engine commercial aircraft, designed as navigation trainer for the Royal Australian Air Force.

1942 - The 3 Eagle Squadrons (US volunteers - Squadron N° 71, 121 &133) were officially turned over by the RAF to the fledgling 8th Air Force of the USAAF and became the 4th Fighter Group.

1942 - Birth of Clarence William "Bill" Nelson, senior United States Senator and 2nd sitting member of the United States Congress to fly in space.

1946 - 1st flight of The Vought F7U Cutlass, American carrier-based jet fighter and fighter-bomber of the early Cold War era. It was a highly unusual, semi-tailless design, allegedly based on aerodynamic data and plans captured from the German Arado company at the end of WWII, last aircraft designed by Rex Beisel, who was responsible for the first fighter ever designed specifically for the U.S. Navy.

1946 - Blue Angel 4, US Navy Aerobatic team pilot Ross Forest "Robby" Robinson, is killed in the crash of his Grumman F8F-1 Bearcat. He failed to pull out of a dive during a Cuban Eight manoeuvre - when a wingtip broke off his airplane, sending him into an unrecoverable spin. 1st loss of the Navy demonstration team. -

1946 - A United States Navy (USN) Lockheed P2V Neptune crewed by Commander T. Davis and E.P. Rankin, takes off for a non-stop world distance record of 18,081 kilometres (11,235 miles) flying from Perth in Australia to Columbus in Ohio. -

1950 - Captain Richard V. Wheeler makes a parachute jump of 12,938 metres (42,449 feet) at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico.

1954 - 1st flight of The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo, American supersonic military jet fighter.

1956 - Birth of James Donald Halsell, Jr., USAF pilot and NASA astronaut

1957 - A Lockheed L-1649 Starliner, flew from Los Angeles to London in 18 hours and 32 minutes (about 5,420 mi/8,723 km at 292.4 mph/470.6 km/h).

1959 - Braniff Airways Flight 542 Lockheed L-188 Electra disintegrated in mid-air approximately 3.8 miles (6.1 km) southeast of Buffalo, Texas killing all 34 on board. The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was structural failure of the left wing resulting from forces generated by undampened propeller whirl mode.

1962 - Launch of Alouette 1, Canada's 1st satellite, and the 1st satellite constructed by a country other than the USSR or the USA.

1964 - 1st flight (conventional) of The Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) XC-142, American tiltwing experimental aircraft designed to investigate the operational suitability of vertical/short takeoff and landing transports.

1968 - Death of William "Bill" Barton Bridgeman, American test pilot who broke aviation records while working for the Douglas aircraft company testing experimental aircraft. His airplane went down in the Pacific Ocean during a routine test flight from Los Angeles to Santa Catalina Island. His body was never found.

1968 - A 10-foot (3-meter) GHOST balloon flew at an altitude of approximately 52,000 feet (16,000 meters) completing a full 365 days in flight, becoming the 1st balloon to fly for a full year.

1972 - French Air Force test pilot Gilbert Klopfstein returns at Bretigny with the Nord 262 he had hijacked equiped with Klopfstein own prototype head-up display. After he succesfully demonstrated his invention (known today as the 'Klopfstein Display') to the USAF and the MIT and afraid of consequences at his return, He just gave the MIT pre-print report to his chief which was waiting on the tarmac with the military police and walked away. No arresting orders were given.

1973 - Soyuz 12, Soviet test flight of the newly-redesigned Soyuz 7K-T spacecraft, is back on earth.

1977 - Launch of Salyut 6, Soviet orbital space station.

1988 – NASA launches STS-26, the return to flight mission (with space shuttle Discovery) after the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.

1990 - 1st flight of The Lockheed/Boeing/General Dynamics YF-22, American single-seat, twin-engined prototype fighter aircraft which will lead to the F-22 Raptor.

1990 - Death of Giovanni Carta (John Carta), Italo-American aviator and Extreme Skydiver, in the crash of a Lockheed P2V Harpoon during an airshow at Sacramento, California.

1998 - Lionair Flight 602 Antonov An-24RV with several high-ranking military officials of the Sri Lankan Army, is shot down by Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam rebels using MANPADS, killing all 55.

1999 - 1st flight of the GROEN Hawk 4, American 4 seats autogyro.

2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performs a successful spaceflight (X1 - Flight 16P) piloted by Mike Melvill to 102.9 km, the 1st of two required to win the prize.

2005 - Death of Gennadi Vasiliyevich Sarafanov , Soviet pilot and Cosmonaut.

2006 - Soyuz TMA-8, Soyuz mission to the ISS, is back on earth.

2006 – Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 Boeing 737-8EH collides in mid-air with an Embraer Legacy business 600 jet near Peixoto de Azevedo, Mato Grosso, Brazil, killing 154 total people, and triggering a Brazilian aviation crisis.

2009 - Death of Pavel Romanovich Popovich, Soviet pilot and Cosmonaut.

2009 - Olympic Airlines, formerly Olympic Airways, Greek flag carrier airline, cease operations. Restructured by privatisation in Olympic Air. -

2010 - Richard Abruzzo and Carol Rymer Davis vanished in the Adriatic Sea while taking part in the 54th Gordon Bennett Gas Balloon Race across Europe. -

2011 - Launch of Tiangong-1, China's 1st space station, experimental testbed to demonstrate orbital rendezvous and docking capabilities, 1st operational component of the Tiangong program, which aims to place a larger, modular station into orbit by 2020.

2011 - Nusantara Buana Air CASA C-212 Aviocar crashed near Near Bohorok, Sumatra, killing all 18 on board. According to witnesses, they saw the plane smoking and circling low before the crash.

2011 - Launch of QuetzSat 1, Mexican high-power geostationary communications satellite.

2012 - Swiss pilot Carlo Schmid (22 years old), lands back his Cessna 310 in Dubendorf, switzerland, setting a new youngest solo round the world flight, after a 80 days journey and 110hr flying. -