On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 17 th

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1876 - Birth of Robert Joseph Collier, American aviator, editor of Collier's Weekly and president of the Aero Club of America.


1888 - Birth of Anthony Herbert William Wall, British WWI fighter ace as rear gunner.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Wall_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/wall.php

1894 - Death of Hermann Lattemann, German balloon pilot and inventor who experimented with an early prototype of a parachute. The main invention was to have parachutes folded and packed in bags. Lattemann died during a test. His parachute failed to open, although his wife's parachute did open, when they both jumped out of a balloon named "Fin de Siècle".


1896 - Birth of Cedric Ernest "Spike" Howell, Australian WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedric_Howell - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/howell1.php

1897 - Birth of Sumner Sewall, American WWI fighter ace, Airline executive and politician.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumner_Sewall - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/sewall.php

1905 - 1st flight of the 1st italian airship 'Italia'.


1909 - Handley Page Limited was founded.


1910 - 1st flight of The A. Vlaicu No. 1, Romanian reconnaissance aircraft.


1912 - Death of Julia Clark, 3rd woman to receive a pilot's license from the Aero Club of America (though British), and 1st female pilot to die in an air crash in the USA. Visibility was poor, and, on takeoff, one wing struck a tree limb, and the plane, a Curtiss pusher, tumbled to the ground, pinning her beneath the wreckage.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Clark - http://www.earlyaviators.com/eclarkju.htm

1915 - Death of Reginald Alexander John Warneford, WWI Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) Pilot, killed with his passenger, American journalist H.A. Needham, when his Henri Farman F27 two-seat reconnaissance bomber of rolled over during a steep turn near Paris, the righthand wings collapsing and leading to a catastrophic failure of the airframe.


1916 - Jean Navarre, WWI french ace, is shot down and wounded, sustaining severe head injuries from which he never fully recovered. This ended his combat career with 12 confirmed kills.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Navarre - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/navarre.php

1916 - 1st flight of The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8, British two-seat biplane reconnaissance and bomber aircraft.


1917 - Zeppelin Lz95 (L 48) is intercepted and destroyed by British fighters over sea near Great Yarmouth.


1918 - Death of John Seymour Turnbull, Australian WWI flying ace, killed in action in his S.E.5a


1918 - Death of Frank Leaman Baylies, American WWI flying ace, killed in his SPAD XII against Fokker DRI Triplanes.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Baylies - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/baylies.php

1919 - Birth of Robert William Deiz, American WWII fighter pilot with the Tuskegee Airmen.


1921 - Birth of Margaret Ray Ringenberg, American aviator who logged more than 40,000 hours of flying time during her career.


1922 - 1st Finnish parachute jump is made by E. Erho from a Grigorovich M-16 (ShCh M-16, sometimes also Shchetinin M-16), Russian biplane flying boat of the Farman type.


1922 - To mark the centennial of Brazil's independence, Portuguese naval aviators Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral lands their Fairey III-D MkII seaplane specifically fitted with an artificial horizon for aeronautical use in Rio de Janeiro. This invention revolutionized air navigation at the time. It was the 1st aerial crossing of the South Atlantic.


1923 - Birth of Stuart Row Childs, American WWII pilot, and chief test pilot who flew the X1-B and the X-18


1928 - Death of Oliver Henry Douglas Vickers, British WWI flying ace.


1928 - Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic as a passenger as she accompanies pilot Wilmer Stiltz and mechanic Louis Gordon on their flight from Newfoundland to Wales in a Fokker F.VIIb/3m 'Friendship', from Trepassey Harbor, Newfoundland and landing at Burry Port (near Llanelli), Wales, United Kingdom, exactly 20 hours and 40 minutes later.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Earhart - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_F.VII#Pioneers_and_explorers

1929 - Imperial Airways Handley Page W.10 'City of Ottawa' suffered an engine failure and subsequently ditched in the English Channel off Dungeness with the loss of 7 lives over 13.


1934 - French aviatrix Maryse Hilsz sets a woman altitude record of 11800 m with a Morane


1936 - 1st flight of The Vickers Type 279 Venom, british prototype low-wing monoplane single-seat, single-engined, eight-gun fighter, powered by a radial engine.


1940 - RMS Lancastria is sunk by Luftwaffe Junkers 88 near Saint-Nazaire, France, while taking part in Operation Ariel, the evacuation of British nationals and troops from France, two weeks after the Dunkirk evacuation.


1940 - General Charles de Gaulle fly to England as chief of the Free French Forces with the de Havilland Flamingo lent by Winston Churchill for the ultimate negociations.


1940 – 1st RCAF Operation in Newfoundland: A detachment of 5 Douglas B-18 Digby’s from No. 10 (BR) Squadron at Dartmouth, commenced operation from Gander Airport.


1941 - 1st flight of The Brewster SB2A Buccaneer, US single-engined mid-wing monoplane scout/bomber aircraft


1943 - Birth of Elbert Leander "Burt" Rutan, American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft.


1944 - Death of Tomesaku Igarashi, Sino-Japanese and WWII Japanese fighter ace, known as the 'P-38 killer', killed in action by Spitfires above Bishenpur.



1946 - 1st flight of The Lockheed Model 75 Saturn, American high wing twin engine small feeder airliner prototype.


1947 - Pan American World Airways opened the 1st ever regularly scheduled around-the-world service with Constellation L749 Clipper America. Pan Am westbound Flight 1 originated in San Francisco with stops including Honolulu, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Bangkok, Manila, Kolkata, Delhi, Beirut, Istanbul, Frankfurt, London, and finally New York.


1948 - 1st flight of the The Bréguet Br 900 'Louisette', French short span, single seat competition sailplane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Br%C3%A9guet_Br_900_Louisette - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9763

1948 – United Airlines Flight 624 Douglas DC-6 crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing all 43 people on board.


1952 - Death of John Whiteside Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons), better known as Jack Parsons, American rocket propulsion researcher at the California Institute of Technology. He was one of the principal founders of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Aerojet Corp.


1955 - 1st flight of The Tupolev Tu-104 (NATO reporting name: Camel) twin-engined medium-range turbojet-powered Soviet airliner and world's 1st successful jet airliner


1955 - 1st flight of The Bensen B-7, American small rotor kite marketed for home building.


1956 - Convair F-102 Delta Dagger after many modifications and design changes is redesignated F-106 Delta Dart.


1959 - The Kamov Ka-22 Vintokryl, soviet rotorcraft developed by Kamov for the Soviet Air Force makes its 1st lift from the ground. This experimental transport aircraft combined the capabilities of a helicopter for vertical take-off and landing with those of a fixed-wing aircraft for cruise.


1959 - 1st flight of The Dassault Mirage IV, French jet supersonic strategic bomber and deep-reconnaissance aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dassault_Mirage_IV - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9669

1961 - 1st flight of The Hindustan Aeronautics HF-24 Marut, Indian fighter-bomber and India's 1st jet aircraft. The wooden mock-up of the aircraft was flyable as an air-launched glider.


1962 - Death of August Delling, German WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Delling - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/delling.php

1965 - US Navy F-4 Phantoms from VF-21 shoot down 2 North Vietnamese Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17s. 1st confirmed kills achieved by a USN squadron during the course of vietnam War.


1977 - Death of Evander Shapard, American WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evander_Shapard - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/shapard.php

1982 - 1st flight of The Kamov Ka-50 "Black Shark" (NATO reporting name: Hokum A), single-seat Russian attack helicopter with the distinctive coaxial rotor system of the Kamov design bureau


1983 - 1st flight of The Robin ATL prototype (Avion Très Léger), French two-seat light aircraft designed to meet a need for an economical 2-seat aircraft to equip flying clubs, single-engined monoplane with a fixed undercarriage fitted with a V-tail.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robin_ATL - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9857

1985 - Death of Friedrich-Wilhelm "Fritz" Morzik, German WWI pilot, Sports pilot, and WWII luftwaffe high ranking officer.


1985 - Launch of STS-51-G with Space Shuttle Discovery. Sultan Salman Al Saud of Saudi Arabia was on board as a payload specialist; Al Saud became the 1st Arab, the 1st Muslim, and the 1st member of a royal family to fly into space.


1986 – Last flight ever by a Boeing B-47E Stratojet, restored to flight status for a one-time-only ferry move from Naval Weapons Center China Lake, California to Castle Air Force Base, California for museum display.


1988 - Soyuz TM-4, soviet space mission to dock with the space station Mir, is back on earth


1989 - Death of Stanley David Griggs, USN officer and NASA astronaut, in the crash of a vintage WWII training aircraft he was piloting.


1993 - Death of Ramón Salas Larrazábal, Spanish officer, parachutism pionneer and historian.


1997 - 1st flight of The Eurocopter EC155B, long-range medium-lift passenger transport helicopter.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurocopter_EC155 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9343

2005 - The sole CarterCopter, American experimental compound autogyro to demonstrate slowed rotor technology, crashed.


2007 - Death of Edward Hamilton "Easy Ed" Taylor, USAF WWII and Korean War fighter pilot.