On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 30 th

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1854 - Birth of Thomas Scott Baldwin, American pioneer balloonist and U.S. Army major during WWI. 1st American to descend from a balloon by parachute.


1892 - Birth of Harvey Weir Cook, American WWI flying ace, pioneer in civilian commercial aviation and a leading figure in the development of aviation in the USA and WWII pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvey_Weir_Cook - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/cook2.php

1894 - Birth of Hugo Schäfer, German WWI flying ace.


1894 - Birth of Sebastian Festner, German WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_Festner - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/festner.php

1896 - Birth of Helmut Steinbrecher, German WWI flying ace, 1st pilot in history to successfully parachute from a stricken airplane


1910 - American Glenn Hammond Curtiss drops dummy bombs for the 1st bombing test on the shape of a battleship marked out on Lake Keuka.


1911 - 1st flight of a Navy Curtiss A-1 'Triad', Early american seaplane, a Curtiss E pusher mounted on center float renamed 'Triad' by Glenn Curiss, US Navy designating it A-1, Theodore (Spuds) Ellyson becoming thus the 1st naval aviator.


1912 - Birth of Ludwig Bölkow, one of the aeronautical pioneers of Germany.


1914 - Birth of Vladimir Nikolayevich Chelomey (Celomej), Soviet mechanics scientist, rocket engineer who created the 1st Soviet pulsating air jet engine.


1916 - 1st flight of The Zeppelin-Lindau Dornier Rs II, German large sesquiplane flying boat prototype, piloted by Schröter and Schulte, taking off from Lake Constance.


1917 - Birth of Sergei Petrovich Izotov, Russian aircraft turbine engine designer


1917 - Birth of Kenneth Harry 'Ken' Dahlberg, American WWII fighter ace and businessman who was involved in the Watergate scandal.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_H._Dahlberg - http://www.cieldegloire.com/014_dahlberg_k_h.php

1918 - William Gordon "Dozy" Claxton, Canadian WWI fighter ace, scores 5 with his S.E.5a on that single day.


1918 - Frederick Robert Gordon McCall, Canadian WWI fighter ace, scores 5 with his S.E.5a on that single day.


1922 - 1st flight of the Breguet Bre 20 'Leviathan', French twin engine (driving a single propeller) biplane transport prototype aircraft.


1922 - Birth of Captain Thomas Francis Mantell Jr., American WWII pilot, mostly known for the fatal pursuit of a supposed UFO.


1926 - Alan Cobham left the Medway at Rochester in a DH50 on a commercial route survey for Imperial Airways to Melbourne.


1928 - American William Elsworth Kepner and William Olmstead Eareckson in a US Army Balloon wins the Gordon Bennett Cup


1929 - As Rene Fonck abandoned to make the transatlantic flight (Already done by Lindbergh), His Sikorsky S-37 is sold to American International Airways of Argentina as the Southern Star airliner for twenty passengers. During this delivery flight, it becomes the 1st commercial transport to cross the 5700m Andes mountains, carrying eight people and a total useful load of 2300kg.


1931 - The Curtiss XP-22 Hawk, American experimental biplane fighter, demonstrated a level speed of 326km/h.


1934 - Due to bad weather and technical problems, Brothers Benjamin and Joseph Adamowicz lands their Bellanca J300 'City of Warsaw' in a small meadow near Caen, France. They are the 1st amateur pilots in the world to make a transatlantic flight.


1935 - 1st flight of the Avia 40P, French single seat competition glider

http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=8522 - http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avia_(Association)

1937 - Flight Lieutenant M.J. Adam undertook a 2¼-hour flight with the Bristol Type 138 in which he achieved a record altitude, later homologated at 53,937 ft (16,440 m). Despite the cockpit canopy cracking, Adam was saved from injury by his pressure suit


1938 - A Heinkel He-116R, German 4 engine long-range mail plane, takes off for an endurance record.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinkel_He_116 - http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/he-116.php

1941 - 1st pilot to surpass von Richthofen's WW I record : Werner Mölders, German WWII fighter ace, scores 5 on that single day (5 Tupolev SB-2 bombers), bringing his score to 82.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werner_M%C3%B6lders#Eastern_Front - http://www.luftwaffe.cz/molders.html

1944 - 1st flight of The Supermarine Spiteful, British Rolls-Royce Griffon-engined fighter aircraft.


1946 - Federal Aircraft Ltd is disbanded.


1947 - Birth of Yuri Petrovich Sheffer, Russian test pilot.


1947 - Birth of Judith Margaret Chisholm (Born Lowe), British record aviatrix.


1947 - 1st flight of The Vickers Valetta, British twin-engine military transport aircraft, all-metal mid-wing monoplane with a tailwheel undercarriage.


1947 - 1st flight of The Avions Fairey Junior (Tipsy Junior), Belgian conventional, low-wing monoplane with a tailwheel undercarriage and a single seat, open cockpit light aircraft.


1948 - 1st flight of the SNCAN Nord-1221 'Norélan', French three-seat training monoplane prototype aircraft.


1949 - Birth of Bùi Thanh Liêm, Vietnam People's Air Force pilot, 1st Vietnamese and 1st Asian in space.


1950 - Death of Pierre Prier, French engineer, early aviator and aircraft manufacturer


1951 - United Airlines Flight 610 Douglas DC-6 crashed on approach into Crystal Mountain, about 50 miles NNW of Denver, skidding 690 feet to a stop, as it burst into flames, killing all 50.


1951 - Birth of Stephen Scot Oswald, USN test pilot and NASA Astronaut.


1953 - A SNCASO S.O. 4000 (French prototype of the Sud Vautour fighter-bomber) becomes the 1st first two-engined, two-seater aircraft to exceed the speed of sound (in a shallow dive), in Europe


1956 – TWA Flight 2 Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation and United Airlines Flight 718 DC-7 Mainliner collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States, killing all 128 on board the two planes.


1959 – A USAF F-100 Super Sabre from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, crashes into a nearby elementary school, killing 11 students plus six residents from the local neighborhood.


1962 - Aeroflot Flight SSSR-42370 Tupolev Tu-104A is strucked by an anti-aircraft missile, which had gone astray during an air defense exercise in the area, Killing all 84.


1967 - Thai Airways International Flight 601 Sud Aviation Caravelle crashed into the sea on landing at Kai Tak Airport in a typhoon killing 24 over 80.


1967 - 1st Flight of the British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven Series 500 (BAC-111 or BAC 1-11), evolution if the British short-range jet airliner


1968 - 1st flight of The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, US military transport aircraft designed to provide strategic heavy airlift over intercontinental distances and to carry outsize and oversize cargo.


1971 - Death of Georgiy Timofeyevich Dobrovolsky, Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev and Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov, soviet cosmonauts of Soyuz 11 Re-entry, 1st successful visit to the world's 1st space station, Salyut 1. The crew capsule depressurised during preparations for re-entry, killing the three-man crew.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_11 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgi_Dobrovolski - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladislav_Volkov - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Patsayev

1977 - US president Jimmy Carter cancels the B-1 Lancer program


1978 - 1st flight of The Rutan Model 40 Defiant, American four-seat, twin-engine aircraft with the engines in a push-pull configuration


1984 - 1st flight of The Sukhoi Su-26, Russian single-seater aerobatics plane powered by a single radial reciprocating engine. The Su-26 has mid-mounted straight wings and fixed landing gear, the main gear mounted on a solid titanium arc.


1989 - 1st flight of the Boeing 737-500 (Originally designed 737-1000), evolution of the 737 series, American short- to medium-range twin-engine narrow-body jet airliner.


1994 - Death of Alberto Nassetti , Italian Aviator, 1st pilot to re-enter service after having a surgical operation to the brain. His Airbus A-330, on a test flight simulating an engine failure on climbout, crashed shortly after takeoff from Toulouse, Pier Paolo Racchetti, airliner pilot kileld along with him.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994_A330_test_flight_crash - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nassetti - http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pier_Paolo_Racchetti

1995 - Death of Georgy Timofeyevich Beregovoy, Soviet cosmonaut who commanded the space mission Soyuz 3 in 1968. At the time of his flight, Beregovoy was 47 years of age: he was the oldest human to go into space (by date of birth, not by age during flight), three months and three days older than the second earliest-born astronaut, American John Glenn.


1996 - Death of David McCampbell, American WWII fighter ace, US Navy all-time leading ace.


2001 - Launch of The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) also known as the Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP), and Explorer 80, spacecraft which measures differences in the temperature of the Big Bang's remnant radiant heat


2006 - 1st flight (on unmanned mode) of the Boeing AH-6 Unmanned Little Bird (ULB) demonstrator, American light helicopter gunship built from a civilian MD 530F and Developed by Boeing Rotorcraft Systems. flying a pre-programmed 20-minute armed intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance mission.


2008 - Death of Arthur "Art" Ryan Smith Jr., Canadian WWII Bomber pilot, executive business man, magazine editor, and politician.


2009 - Yemenia Flight 626 Airbus A310-324 crashes into the Indian Ocean while on approach to Prince Said Ibrahim International Airport, killing 152 people and leaving schoolgirl 12 years old Bahia Bakari as the sole survivor, found clinging to wreckage, after floating in the ocean for thirteen hours.


2009 - JSC "Star1 Airlines", Lithuanian low cost airline, begins operations.


2010 - Launch of Progress M-06M, (identified by NASA as Progress 38P) Russian Progress spacecraft to resupply the ISS.


2011 - Launch of USA-231 (formerly ORS-1 / Operationally Responsive Space) American reconnaissance satellite designed to provide orbital space imagery of Southwest Asia and to enhance battlespace awareness to operational field commanders.