On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 23rd

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1785 - Vincenzo Lunardi ascended into the atmosphere in Glasgow with his Grand Air Balloon for a 2-hour flight, covering 110 miles.

1894 - Birth of Oliver William Redgate, British WWI fighter ace -

1909 - Birth of Giuseppe Baylon, Italian raid pilot, Spanish War and WWII flying ace

1910 - Death of Octave Chanute, French-born American railway engineer and aviation pioneer. He provided the Wright brothers with help and advice, and helped to publicize their flying experiments. At his death he was hailed as the father of aviation and the heavier-than-air flying machine.

1912 - 1st flight of the Voisin 'Icare' Aero-yacht (as a landplane), French early flying boat built by Voisin Frères for the oil magnate and promoter of early aviation experimentation Henry Deutsch de la Meurthe. -

1914 - 1st French bomber Groupe (VB1 - GB1) is formed and is equipped with Voisin biplanes.

1914 - Birth of Charles Henry "Mac" MacDonald, American WWII fighter ace -

1916 - Death of Lanoe George Hawker, 1st WWI British flying ace, Shot down in his DH-2 by Manfred Von Richtofen near Bapaume. -

1917 - Death of William Edwin Jenkins, British WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident.

1923 - The Bristol Type 76 Jupiter Fighter, british biplane fighter prototype, crashed after the engine seized at high altitude.

1930 - 1st flight of the Peyret-Mauboussin PMH X Bis (a Modified PM X), High wing monoplane single seat light sporting seaplane for records.

1933 - The Vickers Type 207 sole dive bomber prototype is lost in the 1st fast diving test when structural breakup was initiated by a tailplane failure.

1934 - 1st flight of The Dornier Do-17 ("flying pencil"), WWII German twin engine light bomber.

1934 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB-210, French twin engine medium bomber issued from the MB-200, 1st french air force aircraft with a retractable landing gear. -

1935 - Birth of Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov, Soviet cosmonaut.

1935 - World's 1st trans-Antarctic flight : Lincoln Ellsworth and Herbert Hollick-Kenyon took off with the Northrop Gamma 2B 'Polar Star' (Two-seat version with tandem controls of the single-engine all-metal monoplane cargo aircraft) from Dundee Island bound for Richard E. Byrd's base camp at Little America.

1937 - Birth of Turi Widerøe, Norway's 1st female air transport pilot and 1st female pilot in a larger airline .

1938 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D.342, French low wing 3 engined airliner prototype, issued from the D.338.

1942 - Death of Howard Clayton Knotts, American WWI flying ace, noted aviation lawyer, he served as general counsel of the American Aeronautical Association. -

1942 - 1st flight of The Vought V-173 "Flying Pancake", (Vought XF5U), American experimental test aircraft for the US Navy Fighter program. It featured an unorthodox "all-wing" design consisting of a flat, somewhat disk-shaped body (hence its name) serving as the lifting surface. Two piston engines buried in the body drove propellers located on the leading edge at the wingtips.

1943 - 1st flight of the 2nd and last Polikarpov ITP, Soviet fighter prototype.

1946 - 1st international all-jet passenger flight, an Avro 691 'nene' Lancastrian powered by two Rolls-Royce Merlin piston engines and two Rolls-Royce Nene turbojets turns off its Merlins and, operating only using the Nenes makes a trip from London to Paris in just 41 min solely on jet power.

1947 - 1st flight of The Convair XC-99, American prototype heavy cargo aircraft, largest piston-engined land-based transport aircraft ever built, developed from the B-36 bomber.

1953 - Kinross Incident : USAF pilot Felix Eugene Moncla, Jr and radar operator Robert L. Wilson flying a F-89C Scorpion mysteriously disappeared while pursuing an unidentified flying object over Lake Superior.

1959 - 1st flight of The Boeing 720, American four-engine narrow-body short- to medium-range passenger jet airliner.

1961 - Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 322 de Havilland DH-106 Comet 4 collided with tree tops shortly after takeoff from Viracopos-Campinas International Airport, killing all 52

1962 - United Airlines Flight 297 Vickers Viscount 745D  crashed just northwest of what is now Columbia, Maryland after striking a flock of whistling swans while cruising at 6,000 feet (1,800 m). The bird strike caused the horizontal stabilizer to separate, leading to loss of control and the crash which killed all 17 on board.

1964 - Trans World Airlines Flight 800 Boeing 707-331 crashed during take off on runway 25 at Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport, Rome after the instruments for No. 4 engine indicated zero thrust and the thrust reverser deployment light for No. 2 engine illuminated. The crew aborted the takeoff at a speed below V1 at 800-900m down the runway. The aircraft did not slow down as quickly as the crew expected and veered to the right, whereupon No. 4 engine struck a pavement roller. The aircraft caught fire and traveled another 260m before coming to rest. 50 were killed over 73.

1972 - Last launch of a N1 Rocket, Soviet Manned lunar carrier rocket to deliver payloads beyond low Earth orbit, acting as the Soviet counterpart to the NASA Saturn V rocket.

1973 - 1st flight of The AIDC T-CH-1 Chung Hsing, Taiwabese turboprop-powered military trainer aircraft.

1973 - Italian Air Force Douglas C-47 Dakota 'Argo 16' crashed at Marghera, Italy, after an improvised explosive device detonated on board, killing all 4. Argo 16 was used to shuttle trainees and munitions of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members between military bases around Italy

1977 - Launch of METEOSAT-1, 1st french geostationary meteorological satellite.

1983 - Soyuz T-9,Soviet space mission to Salyut 7 station, is back on earth

1985 - EgyptAir Flight 648 Boeing 737-200 is hijacked after take-off from Athens, and comandeered to Cairo.

1989 - Launch of STS-33, NASA Space Shuttle Discovery mission to deploy a payload for the United States Department of Defense, USA 48 , Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite.

1990 - Death of Roald Dahl, British novelist, short story writer, WWII fighter pilot and screenwriter. -

1996 – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 Boeing 767-260ER is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125.

2002 - Launch of STS-113, Space Shuttle Endeavour mission to the ISS.

2009 - Aeronautica Militare Italiana Lockheed KC-130J Hercules crashed just after take-off from Galileo Galilei Airport, Pisa, killing all 5.

2012 – The People's Republic of China conducts its 1st carrier flight operations with fixed-wing aircraft, when the People's Liberation Army Navy aircraft carrier Liaoning launches and recovers the Shenyang J-15 fighter for the 1st time