On This Day in Aviation History March 3 rd

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1847 - Birth of Alexander Graham Bell, British eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator, credited with inventing the 1st practical telephone, He also made experiments to develop motor-powered heavier-than-air aircrafts.

1857 - Birth of Everard Richard Calthrop, British railway engineer and inventor who patented some early designs for parachutes and ejector seat for aircraft using compressed air.

1887 - Birth of Josef Mai, German WWI fighter ace and WWII instructor. -

1887 - Birth of Lincoln J. Beachey, American pioneer aviator and barnstormer. He became famous and wealthy from flying exhibitions, staging aerial stunts, helping invent aerobatics, and setting aviation records.

1890 - Birth of Otto Esswein, German WWI flying ace -

1891 - Birth of Fritz Rumey, German WWI fighter ace. -

1899 - Birth of Leslie Howard Tandy Capel, British WWI flying ace

1899 - Birth of Ronald Sykes, British WWI flying ace. -

1910 - 1st flight of The Hubbard Monoplane (Hubbard II), also nicknamed "Mike", early Canadian aircraft based on the Blériot XI designed and flown by John McCurdy and built by the Canadian Aerodrome Company.

1911 - Capt. Benjamin D. Foulois navigating a course with Phillip Parmelee at the controls of a Wright Type B on loan from Robert F. Collier, made the 1st official military reconnaissance flight, looking for Army troops between Laredo and Eagle Pass, Texas, with a ground exercise in progress. -

1911 - Spanish aviator Moruravais crashes in the crowd while trying to fly at Madrid's race course.

1912 - Birth of Johannes "Hannes" Trautloft , German fighter ace of Spanish war and WWII, High ranking officer and deputy postwar. - -

1912 - 1st flight of the Avro Type E (Avro 500), British Military utility biplane aircraft, firm's 1st truly successful design and forerunner of the Avro 504.

1915 - The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), U.S. federal agency is founded to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.

1915 - Birth of Ugo Drago, Italian WWII Pilot.

1919 - Airplane builder William E. Boeing and Eddie Hubbard of Hubbard Air Service make the 1st international airmail flight from Seattle, Washington to Victoria, British Columbia, Canada in a Boeing C-700 (Model 2) seaplane.. - -

1920 - Francesco Brach Papa sets a world speed record of 276 km/h with 2 passenger with a Fiat B.R.

1925 - Death of Clément Ader, French inventor and engineer, remembered primarily for his pioneering work in aviation.

1926 - Air Service to Red Lake, Ontario began. JV Elliot and AH Farringtron of Elliot Air Service flew two Curtiss JN-4s with a passenger in each from Hudson to Red Lake, Ontario.

1930 - The inaugural flight over the Prairie Air Mail Route was carried out by Western Canada Airways Ltd.

1931 - 1st flight of The Fairey Gordon, British light 2 seat day bomber and utility aircraft.

1937 - 1st flight of the Morane-Saulnier M.S.430, developped form the M.S.406 fighter as an advanced trainer. -

1937 - 1st flight of The Luton L.A.3 Minor, British single-seat high-wing ultra-light aircraft, redesigned later as L.A.4

1940 - Death of Lewis Alonzo Yancey, American aviator and air navigator who toured America, Central America, and the Caribbean in a Pitcairn autogyro.

1942 – 10 Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.

1942 - KNILM Douglas DC-3-194 'Pelikaan' flown by russian WWI fighter ace Ivan Vasilyevich Smirnov transporting nine refugees, fleeing the Japanese invasion of Java and carrying a package containing diamonds is shot down by 3 Japanese Misubish A6m2 Zero. 4 over 12 were killed. After a belly landing at Carnot Bay, Smirnov reported that he dropped the package of diamonds in the surf. Diamonds have never been recovered.

1942 - Death of Osamu Kudo, Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War and WWII flying ace, killed in action while participating in an air attack on Broome, Australia.

1942 - Birth of Vladimir Vasiliyevich Kovalyonok, Soviet cosmonaut.

1945 - 1st flight of the Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250 (Mig 13), high-performance Soviet mixed power fighter aircraft prototype to counter German turbojet-powered aircraft. -

1945 - Death of Karl Thom, German WWI fighter ace who also served in WWII -

1945 - Death of Richard Joseph Audet, Canadian WWII Fighter ace, Shot down by AA fire during a straffing mission.

1946 - Birth of James Craig 'Jim' Adamson, NASA astronaut and test pilot.

1949 - Birth of Bonnie Jeanne Dunbar, NASA astronaut.

1949 - Birth of James Shelton 'Jim' Voss, USAF test pilot and NASA Astronaut.

1953 - Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland DH-106 Comet 1 CF-CUN stalled on takeoff at Karachi, Pakistan.

1953 - 1st flight of The Bell HSL (Model 61), American anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter built by Bell Helicopter company, the only tandem rotor design designed by Bell.

1959 - Launch of Pioneer 4, American spin-stabilized spacecraft for a lunar flyby trajectory and into a heliocentric orbit making it the 1st U.S. probe to escape from the Earth's gravity

1960 - The longest nonstop flight ever made by a Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft is completed when a Vickers Valiant B.Mk.1 (serial no.XD858) piloted by Sqdn. Ldr. J. H. Garstin flies around the British Isles for a total distance of 8,500 miles aided by two inflight refuelings

1964 - 1st flight of the Sud Aviation 'Caravelle 10B3', French short/medium-range jet airliner, lengthened and reengined version of the 'Caravelle' VIR. -

1966 - Kosmos 11, soviet spacecraft re-enters earth.

1967 - 1st flight of the Beriev Be-30 (NATO reporting name "Cuff") , Russian regional airliner and utility transport aircraft developed specifically for Aeroflot local service routes using short, grass airstrips.

1969 - NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module. 1st flight of the Command/Service Module (CSM) with the Lunar Module (LM)

1969 - The United States Navy (USN) Fighter Weapons School (more popularly known as TOPGUN) is established at NAS Miramar.

1971 - Launch of ShiJian-1 (SJ-1), chinese satellite, equipped with a magnetometer and cosmic-ray/x-ray detectors.

1972 – Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 Fairchild Hiller FH-227 crashes as a result of a control malfunction and insufficient training in emergency procedures.

1972 - Launch of Pioneer 10, American space probe, 1st spacecraft to achieve escape velocity from the Solar System which also completed the 1st mission to the planet Jupiter

1973 - Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Flight LZ307 Ilyushin Il-18 crashed on its final approach to Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport, killing all 25, probably due to icing conditions.

1973 - Death of Louis Prosper Gros, French WWI flying ace who served also in WWII. -

1974 - Death of Mikhail Klavdievich Tikhonravov, Soviet pioneer of spacecraft design and rocketry.

1974 - Turkish Airlines Flight 981, a DC-10, crashes into forest near Ermenonville, France, after the rear cargo hatch blew-off, causing decompression and severing cables that left the pilots with almost no control, killing 346 people.

1978 - Death of Robert William 'Bob' Prescott, American WWII flying ace , founder and president of Flying Tiger Line, pioneer of the air cargo industry. -

1981 - Death of Benjamin Scovill "Ben" Kelsey, American aeronautical engineer and test pilot. He co-authored the technical specifications which led to the development of the P-39 Airacobra and the P-38 Lightning, initiated the development of drop tanks, driving force behind a program of advanced airfoil research which resulted in the P-51 and important committee member of the group that approved and funded the X-15.

1985 - 1st flight of the PZL I-22 Iryda, twin-engine, two-seat Polish military jet trainer aircraft.

1986 - 1st flight of the Cessna Model 208B Super Cargomaster, Evolution of the 208 family, American single turboprop engine, fixed-gear short-haul regional cargo aircraft mostkly used fy Fedex. -

1991 – United Airlines Flight 585 Boeing 737-291 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25

2002 - Death of Charles Henry "Mac" MacDonald, American WWII fighter ace -

2003 - Death of Jerauld Richard "Jerry" Gentry, USAF test pilot and Vietnam War veteran, chief USAF pilot of the Lifting Body Research Program.

2005 – Steve Fossett becomes the 1st person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling with The Scaled Composites Model 311 Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer (registered N277SF) .

2010 - Death of Mariâ Ivanovna Dolina, WWII Soviet bomber pilot, Deputy and acting squadron commander of the 125th “Marina M. Raskova” Borisov Guards dive bomber Regiment.

2012 - Continental Airlines ceased operations and is merged with United Airlines. -

2014 - Death of William Reid 'Bill' Pogue, USAF test pilot and NASA Astronaut.