On This Day in Aviation History AUGUST 13 th

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1824 - 1st aerial ascent by a Native American as a passenger, Chief Waschisabe, in Jules Francois Dupuis-Delcourt's balloon "flotilla" takes place at Montjean, France.

1894 - Birth of Honore Marie Joseph Leon Guillaume de Bonald, French WWI flying ace -

1894 - Birth of Edwin Charles Musick, Chief Pilot for Pan American World Airways and pioneer of many of Pan Am's transoceanic routes including the famous route across the Pacific Ocean on the China Clipper.

1895 - Birth of Frederick James Powell, British WWI flying ace. -

1897 - Birth of Thomas Francis Netterville "Teddy" Gerrard, British WWI flying ace. -

1902 - Birth of Felix Heinrich Wankel, German mechanical engineer and inventor after whom the Wankel engine was named.

1904 - Making an unassisted takeoff, Wilbur Wright flies the Flyer II for 1,300 feet (400 m).

1911 - Matilda Moisant became the 2nd woman pilot certified by the Aero Club of America.

1914 - Following mobilisation the headquarters of the Royal Flying Corps, Nos. 2, 3, 4 flew from Dover to Amiens in order to support the British Expeditionary Force.

1918 - Death of Dieter Collin, German WWI flying ace, from injuries received in action. -

1918 - British WWI flying ace Cyril William Gladman shoot down 4 Fokker D.VII with his Bristol F.2b on a single mission.

1918 - Death of Charles Dawson Booker, British WWI fighter ace, Killed in his sopwith Camel by Fokker D.VII aircrafts while covering the retreat of a rookie pilot on an orientation tour of their aerial battlefield. -

1918 - American WWI flying ace Eugene Seeley Coler shoot down 4 Fokker D.VII with his Bristol F.2b on a single mission.

1924 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D 15, sole single-seat fighter prototype of biplane configuration to be built by French Emile Dewoitine.

1930 - Frank Hawks with the Travel Air Type R "Mystery Ships" named "Texaco 13" sets a new transcontinental west-to-east record in 12 hours, 25 minutes, three seconds from New York to Los Angeles.

1932 - 1st flight of the Gee Bee Model R Super Sportster, American racing aircraft.

1936 - Death of Alfredo De Luca, Italian aviator, killed in action during the ethiopian war.

1937 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky VS-44, American large four-engined flying boat designed primarily for the trans-Atlantic passenger market.

1939 - 1st flight of The Vickers Warwick, multi-purpose twin engine British aircraft, designed in parallel with the smaller Wellington.

1940 - A RAAF Lockheed Hudson crashed near Canberra, the capital of Australia, All 6 passengers, including 3 members of the Australian Cabinet and the Chief of the General Staff and the 4 crew aboard were killed in the accident.

1940 - German aircraft begin the bombing of southern England in order to destroy the RAF and knock out British radar stations. -

1941 - Death of Petr Semenovich Bityutskiy, Soviet WWII flying ace, Ramming his Polikarpov I-152 in a Bf-109. -

1942 - Birth of Robert Lee Stewart, US Army test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1943 - Northwest African Air Force aircraft attack Wiener Neustadt. This is the first attack on Austria by United States Army Air Force (USAAF) forces based in the Mediterranean.

1945 - 1st flight of The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8 'Duck', Soviet experimental wooden aircraft pusher configuration to test the novel canard configuration, used as a testbed in developing the swept wing of the MiG-15.

1947 - 1st flight of the SFCA Lignel 46 'Coach', French 4 seat low wing monoplane sports prototype aircraft, last aircraft design built by SFCA-Lignel (Société Française de Constructions Aéronautiques-Lignel). -

1951 - 1st flight (powered) of The DFS 346 (Samolyot 346), German rocket-powered swept-wing vehicle captured by soviet union after WWII.

1957 - 1st flight (hover) of The Vertol VZ-2 (or Model 76), American tiltrotor research aircraft.

1962 - 1st flight of The British Aerospace 125 or Hawker Siddeley HS.125, British twin-engined mid-size corporate jet.

1973 - Aviaco Flight 118 Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle crashed on approach to A Coruña. Pilot error caused the plane to collide with some eucalyptus trees, crash to the ground striking several houses and burned out, killing all 85 occupants and a person on the ground.

1976 - 1st flight of The Bell 222, American 1st light commercial twin turbine engine helicopter.

1981 - Bristow Westland Wessex 60 lost power to the main rotor gearbox, going out of control during the ensuing autorotation. The flight was carrying 11 gas workers from the Leman gas field to Bacton. All people on board were lost.

1989 - 2 hot air balloons collided near Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia, causing one to crash to the ground, killing 13 people.

1989 - Space Shuttle Columbia mission STS-28 returns from a secret five-day military mission at Edwards AFB.

1997 - 1st flight of the Airbus A320-200, European twin engine medium airliner, evolution of the A320-100

1998 - Launch of Soyuz TM-28, russian mission to the Mir space station carrying Yuri Baturin, 1st Russian politician in space.

2001 - NASA's experimental solar-powered, remotely piloted Helios aircraft reached a record 96,500 feet in altitude for unmanned aerial vehicles in a 17-hour flight.

2003 - Launch of SCISAT-1, Canadian satellite designed to make observations of the Earth's atmosphere.

2004 - Air Tahoma Flight 185 Convair 580 scheduled cargo flight for DHL crashed during approach to landing just one mile short of the runway, due to fuel starvation resulting from the captain’s decision not to follow approved fuel crossfeed procedures, Killing one of the 2 crew members.

2010 - Ándalus Líneas Aéreas, Spanish regional airline, ceases operations.

2010 - AIRES Flight 8250 Boeing 737-73V crashed on the Colombian island of San Andrés, Carribean, while attempting to land in bad weather, breaking into three pieces on impact, killing 2 over 131

2012 - Death of Ryotaro Jobo, Japanese sino-japanese war and WWII flying ace.