On This Day in Aviation History January 24 th

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1887 - Birth of Paul Wenzel, German WWI flying ace.


1888 - Birth of Dr. Ernst Heinkel, German aircraft designer and manufacturer.


1893 - Birth of Marcel Marc Dhôme, French WWI flying ace, racing car driver, who also served in WWII and during teh Korean war.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Marc_Dh%C3%B4me - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/dhome.php

1895 - Birth of Marcel Joseph Maurice Nogues, French WWI fighter ace and balloon buster.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Nogues - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/nogues.php

1895 - Birth of Gilbert Ware Murlis Green, British WWI flying ace who served on many theaters, commanded two of the original night fighter squadrons and shot down the 1st German airplane at night over Britain.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_W._M._Green - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/green2.php

1895 - Birth of Richard Michael Trevethan, American born British WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_M._Trevethan - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/trevethan.php

1896 - Birth of George Owen Johnson, Canadian WWI flying ace, raid pilot who remained in the RCAF until the end of WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Owen_Johnson - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/johnson2.php

1897 - Birth of Eric Bourne Coulter Betts, Irish WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Betts - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/ireland/betts.php

1897 - Birth of Malcolm Plaw MacLeod, Canadian WWI flying ace who also served during WWII


1899 - Birth of Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg, American pilot, High ranking officer in WWII, U.S. Air Force general, second Chief of Staff and second Director of Central Intelligence.


1900 - Birth of Lowell R. Bayles, American air racer.


1913 - Swiss pilot Oskar Bider reaches 11,483 feet when he flies over the Pyrénées from Pau to Madrid in his Blériot XI monoplane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oskar_Bider - http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/research/history-of-aviation-timeline/interactive-aviation-timeline/world-aviation/1913.aspx

1913 - Death of Charles de Nié Port (Nieuport), French aircraft designer and pilot, co-founder with his brother Edouard of the eponymous Nieuport aircraft manufacturing company, Société Anonyme Des Établissements Nieuport in a flying accident at Etampes in France, when their wing-warping device failed.


1917 - 1st flight of The Aviatik D.I (Berg) 30.19, 2nd prototype of the Austrian single-engine, single-seater WWI fighter biplane.


1917 - Death of Leopold Rudolf Reimann, German WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident at Jastaschule near Valenciennes when the wings of his Albatros D.III collapsed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_Reimann - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/reimann.php


1918 - Death of Harry Gosford Reeves, British WWI fighter ace, killed in a crash while performing an engine test on a Nieuport 27.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Gosford_Reeve - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/reeves.php

1919 - Death of Cecil Frederick King, British WWI fighter ace, killed in a midair collision while serving as a combat instructor.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecil_Frederick_King - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/king1.php

1919 – Army Air Service pilot first Lt. Temple M. Joyce makes 300 consecutive loops in a Morane fighter at Issoudun, France.


1920 - 1st aircraft flight across the Sahara Desert is flown by French Joseph Vuillemin of the Aéronautique Militaire.


1920 - 1st Canadian private pilot's license was issued to James stanley Scott, Ottawa, Ontario.


1922 - Birth of Robert A. "Bob" Hoover, American WWII and Korean war fighter pilot, USAF test pilot, record breaker, aerobatic pilot and famous air show pilot, often referred to as "The pilots' pilot."


1929 - 1st flight of the Bl-111/1, French Single engine Low wing monoplane transport prototype


1932 - French pilots Paul Codos and Henri Robida land their Breguet 330 in Paris after flying from Hanoi in French Indochina in a record time of 3 days 4 hours.


1935 - 1st flight of the Potez 542, French 5 seat reconnaissance twin engine high wing monoplane, evolution of the 540 Bomber.

http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1288 - http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potez_540#La_solution_Potez

1936 - Death of Wilhelm 'Willy' Neuenhofen, German WWI fighter ace, Junker's Chief test pilot, killed whilst on a test flight in a Junkers Ju 87 V1.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Neuenhofen - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/neuenhofen.php


1938 - 1st flight of The Armstrong Whitworth A.W. 27 Ensign , British 40 seat four-engine airliner.


1944 - Death of Fujikazu Koizumi, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action.


1945 - 1st successful launch of the Aggregat 4b (V-2) rocket at Peenemunde,


1950 - 1st flight of The Nord 1601, French aerodynamic research aircraft designed to investigate the aerodynamics of swept wings and related high-lift devices.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nord_1601 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=2850

1950 - 1st flight of The North American YF-93, American jet fighter prototype, development of the F-86 Sabre.


1952 - Birth of William Francis Readdy, USN Test pilot and NASA Astronaut.


1952 - 1st flight of the Dassault MD.450-30-L Ouragan, 30mm cannon and lateral air-intakes version of the French jet fighter.


1955 - Death of Leonard "Leo"Arthur Christian, Canadian WWI flying ace who returned to service in the RCAF in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Arthur_Christian - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/christian.php

1957 - Death of Georg Weiner, German WWI flying ace, author of childrens books, probably best remembered for the creation of "Biggles," the fictional WWI hero. He also Was a High ranking officer in WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Weiner - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/weiner.php

1961 - 1st flight of The Convair 990 Coronado, American narrowbody jet airliner, "stretched" version of their earlier Convair 880.


1961 - A B-52G Stratofortress carrying two H-bombs breaks up in mid-air over North Carolina. The uranium core of one weapon remains lost.


1963 - 1st flight of The Beechcraft King Air prototype Model 65-90, twin-turboprop aircraft.


1963 - A USAF Boeing B-52C Stratofortress on a training mission out of Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts, lost its vertical stabilizer due to buffeting during low-level flight, and crashed on the west side of Elephant Mountain near Greenville, Maine. Of the nine crewmen aboard, two survived the crash


1966 - Air India Flight 101, a 707-437, crashed into Glacier des Bossons on the SW face of Mont Blanc in the French Alps. All 106 passengers and 11 crew were killed.


1966 - 1st flight of an Aerospatiale SE.318C Alouette II (Astazou II turbine equiped) to test a rigid rotor with plastic blade parts.


1966 - 1st flight of The Learjet 24, American six to eight seat (two crew and four to six passengers) twin-engined, high speed business jet.


1971 - Death of Ferdinand von Hiddessen, German WWI pilot and politician, 1st German to bomb paris in WWI


1974 - Togolese Air Force Douglas C-47A-35-DL Skytrain carrying President of Togo a crashed on its descent at an isolated location near the village of Sarakawa in northern Togo, Killing 4. Sole surviror was the President of Togo.


1975 - Salyut 3, Soviet space station, is back on earth.


1975 - 1st flight of the Twin Engined version of the Eurocopter AS365 C Dauphin (Aérospatiale SA-365C 'Dauphin' 2) , medium-weight multipurpose helicopter.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurocopter_AS365_Dauphin#Civil_variants - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=2376

1977 - Death of Andrew Henry Humphrey, British WWII pilot and Marshal of the Royal Air Force, who setted some records with the English Electric Canberrea B2 'Aries IV'.


1978 – Soviet satellite Cosmos 954, with a nuclear reactor onboard, burns up in Earth's atmosphere, scattering radioactive debris over Canada's Northwest Territories. Only 1% is recovered.


1985 - Launch of STS-51-C, Space Shuttle Discovery mission, 1st shuttle mission to deploy a dedicated United States Department of Defense (DoD) payload. Many mission details remain classified.


1986 – Voyager 2, NASA space probe, passes within 81,500 kilometres (50,600 mi) of Uranus.


1990 - Launch of The Hiten Spacecraft, English name 'Celestial Maiden' and known before launch as MUSES-A (Mu Space Engineering Spacecraft A), Japanese 1st lunar probe.


1993 - Launch of Soyuz TM-16, Russian space mission to Mir.


2003 - Death of Evelyn "Bobbi" Trout, American early aviator, 1st Woman to set the 1st non-refueling endurance record for women.