On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 30th

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1784 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard makes the 1st scientific observations from above the earth in a hydrogen balloon over London.

1894 - Birth of Andreas Dombrowski, Austro-Hungarian WWI flying ace -

1894 - Birth of Arthur Eyguem De Montaigne 'Jacko' Jarvis, Canadian WWI flying ace. -

1898 - Birth of George Alexander Lingham, Australian WWI flying ace and later director of the Heston Aircraft Company . -

1898 - Birth of Orlando Clive "Bridget" Bridgeman, British WWI flying ace -

1901 - Birth of Frank Felix Miranda Dominican Republic early military pilot and raid pilot.

1905 - Experimental German Airship Zeppelin LZ2 fails to lift off in its 1st launch at Lake Constance.

1907 - Glenn Curtiss founds the Curtiss Aeroplane Company, 1st US airplane manufacturing company.

1911 - 1st Chief of State flying on an airplane is Francisco Ignacio Madero González in a Deperdussin, Mexico City

1913 - 1st air-to-air dogfight: pilots Dean Ivan Lamb from rival Mexican factions exchanged revolver shots flying a Curtiss Pusher against Phil Rader in a Christopherson biplane during the Siege of Naco, Mexico. The combat ended with no hits registered.

1913 - Captain Lushington takes Winston Churchill for a flying lesson in his Short aeroplane.

1914 - Birth of Corrado Baccarini, Italian Fighter pilot during the Spanish war.

1917 - Death of Rudolf Wendelmuth, German WWI fighter ace, killed in a midair collision. -

1917 - Canadian fighter ace Andrew Edward McKeever, and his observer/gunner, British Leslie Powell, shot down 4 Albatros DV with their Bristol F2.B on a single mission -

1917 - 1st flight of The Vickers Vimy, British heavy bomber aircraft.

1917 - Birth of William Franklin Ash, American-born British writer who served as a fighter pilot with the RCAF during WWII, real-life “cooler king” of Stalag Luft III, said to be one of several sources for the character Virgil Hilts, played by Steve McQueen in the film The Great Escape; his escape attempts became celebrated – over the wire, through it with cutters, through the gates in disguise as a Russian slave-labourer, and, especially, via tunnels. If he never succeeded, it was not for want of trying. -

1934 - Death of Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix and record breaker, in the crash of her Caudron C.460 Rafale racer.

1938 - A Lufthansa Fw 200 makes the airline's 1st flight to Japan, flying non-stop from Berlin to Tokyo via Basra, Karachi, and Hanoi. The 14,228 km (8,841 mile) flight breaks the distance record and takes 46 hours 18 minutes.

1939 - Beginning of the Winter War, military conflict between the Soviet Union and Finland. Soviet bombs Helsinki using the The RRAB-3, (nicknamed the Molotov bread basket), Soviet-made droppable bomb dispenser that combined a large high-explosive charge with a cluster of incendiary bombs. -

1939 - Death of Cecil Christian Clark, British WWI flying ace

1940 - Birth of Michael Winston "Mike" Melvill, American test pilot and 1st commercial astronaut as test pilot for SpaceShipOne.

1941 - 1st pilot to carry air mail in a jet aircraft, Italian Mario de Bernardi flew a Caproni Campini N.1 from Milan to Guidonia Montecelio in about two hours carrying aerograms with canceled postage stamps

1941 - A Whitley VII of No.502 Squadron fitted with ASV Mk II long range radar scores Coastal Command's 1st ASV destruction of an enemy submarine, the U-206, in the Bay of Biscay.

1943 - Vega Airplane Company is absorbed into Lockheed Aircraft Corporation.

1949 - 1st flight of the Gyrodyne GCA-2A "Helidyne", modified version with twin 100hp Continental auxiliary engines mounted externally on strutted outriggers to give additional forward speed of the American light helicopter Gyrodyne GCA-2.

1950 - 1st flight of the SNCAN Nord 2501 'Noratlas', French high wing twin boom twin engine military transport aircraft, re-engined version and 1st production version of the serie.

1951 - Maj. George Andrew Davis Jr., shot down 3 Tupolev Tu-2 and 1 Mig 15 in Korea in his F-86E Sabre. This event made him an ace in 2 wars at this time with over 5 aerial victories in Korea and 7 in WWII.,_Jr.#Command_and_success -

1951 - 1st flight of the Notteghem, French Low wing single seat tourer prototype for homebuilding.

1954 - 1st flight of the SNCAN Nord 2502 'Noratlas', French high wing twin boom twin engine transport aircraft, Civil transport re-engined version with 2 Turbomeca Marboré II auxiliary turbojets added on wingtips.

1958 - Death of Sir (George) Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer, ornithologist, pilot, soldier, geographer and photographer.

1960 - Death of David Luther Burgess, Canadian WWI flying ace and politician. -

1961 - Ansett-ANA Flight 325 Vickers Viscount Type 720 broke up in a thunderstorm and crashed into Botany Bay, less than 3 statute miles after he took off from Sydney, killing all 15.

1962 - Eastern Air Lines Flight 512 DC-7B crashed during a go around after failing to land at Idlewild Airport in the fog, killing 25 over 51.

1962 - 1st vertical tethered flight of The Lockheed XV-4 Hummingbird (originally designated VZ-10), American V/STOL vertical take off/landing jet prototype.

1964 - Launch of Zond 2, Soviet spacecraft to attempt a flyby of Mars.

1965 - 1st flight of the Aerospatiale SA-321G "Super Frelon", Anti-submarine warfare version of the french three-engined heavy transport helicopter.

1966 - Kosmos 133, Soviet test satellite is automatically destroyed. A malfunction during the flight determined that the capsule would land in China.

1970 - British Caledonian Airways is formed from the merger of British United Airways and Caledonian Airways.

1972 - Death of Bernetta Adams Miller, American pioneering woman aviator .

1979 - 1st flight of The Piper PA-46 Malibu, American pressurized 6 seat single engine light aircraft.

1986 - 1st flight of The Fokker 100, Dutch medium size twin-turbofan airliner.

1999 - British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.

2000 - Launch of STS-97 Space Shuttle Endeavour mission to the ISS to install the 1st set of solar arrays to the ISS

2002 - 1st flight of the Sauper 'Papango' VLA, French high wing twin seat ultra light sports aircraft.

2004 – Lion Air Flight 538 McDonnell Douglas MD-82 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, after overshootog the runway, killing 25.

2008 - STS-126, Space Shuttle mission Endeavour to the International Space Station (ISS) is back on earth.

2010 - Death of Vittorio Sanseverino, Italian WWII pilot, known for having test-flown a large part of the aircraft built by FIAT for the postwar Italian Air Force.

2012 - Aéro-Services Ilyushin Il-76T operated by the Armenian cargo airline Air Highnesses on behalf of Congolese cargo airline Aéro-Service clipped high trees in heavy rain about 1000 meters from the runway threshold and proceeded to disintegrate over 500 meters at Maya-Maya Airport in the Republic of the Congo, killinh all 6 on board and 26 on ground.