On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 4 th

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1838 - Charles Green attained the elevation of 19,335 feet (5,893 m) in his Balloon.

1872 - Birth of Nils Strindberg, Swedish photographer who was one of the three members of S. A. Andrée's ill-fated Arctic balloon expedition of 1897.

1888 - Edward Hogan in Quebec makes the 1st parachute descents in Canada from a hot-air balloon.

1891 - Birth of Francesco Brach Papa, Italian aviation pioneer.

1892 - Birth of José Manuel Sarmento de Beires, Portuguese Army officer and an aviation pioneer, who flew the 1st night aerial crossing of the South Atlantic

1893 - Birth of Reginald Howard Rusby, British WWI flying ace -

1894 - Birth of Andrew (Anthony) Frederick Weatherby Beauchamp-Proctor, South African WWI fighter pilot. -

1912 - Birth of Günther Lützow, German fighter ace os Spnish war and WWII. -

1913 - Birth of Boone Tarleton Guyton, US Navy pilot , experimental test pilot, author and businessman. A flying career spanning the biplane era through the jet age,

1913 - 1st Lieutenant Moss Lee Love, 11th Cavalry is killed in a Type C Wright pusher bi-plane at North Island, San Diego, California, practicing for his Military Aviator Test.

1917 - Death of Erich Hahn, German WWI flying ace, Killed in action. -

1918 - Death of Dennis Henry Stacey Gilbertson, British WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Camel.

1920 - Birth of Ingvar Fredrik Hakansson, Swedish WWII fighter pilot in the RAF.

1922 - Jimmy Doolittle makes the 1st cross-country flight across the US in under a day in a de Havilland DH.4. He takes 21 hours 19 minutes to fly from Pablo Beach, Florida to Rockwell Field, California, making only one refueling stop at Kelly Field.

1923 - 1st flight of the USS Shenandoah (ZR-1), 1st of 4 US Navy rigid airships, based on Zeppelin bomber L-49 (LZ-96), 1st ascent of a helium inflated rigid airship. -

1924 - 1st flight of the Naval Aircraft Factory TS-1 (Curtiss F4C-1), American biplane fighter for the US Navy. -

1925 - 1st flight of The Fokker F.VII 3 engined version (also known as the Fokker Trimotor), Dutch highwing airliner (initially single engined in 1924).

1929 - 1st flight of the Blériot Bl-195/3 (the Bl-195/2 modified), French low wing monoplane flying boat 4 engine tandem mounted mailplane prototype.

1929 - French Charles Fauvel set a new world speed record over 100 km for an aircraft under 400 kg with the Peyret-Mauboussin PM X (High wing single seat tourer) at 139.534 km/h. -

1933 - Death of Florence Gunderson Klingensmith, American aviator of the Golden Age of Air Racing, founding member of the Ninety-Nines (a women's pilot group) and one of the 1st women to participate in air races with men. Killed in the crash of her Gee Bee Model Y Senior Sportster during the Frank Phillips Trophy Race at the International Air Races in Chicago, Illinois. Organizers used her death as a excuse to bar women from the Air Races.

1936 - Louise Thaden and Blanche Noyes are the 1st women to win the prestigious coast-to-coast Bendix trophy race with a Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing. (14 hours, 55 minutes from New York City to Los Angeles, California).

1936 - 1st flight of The Beriev Be-2 (originally designated KOR-1), soviet two-seat shipboard reconnaissance seaplane.

1936 - Beryl Markham takes off with her Percival Vega Gull 'The Messenger', from Abingdon, Berkshire, for the 1st east-to-west solo crossing of the Atlantic by a woman -

1939 - 1st WWII Bombing of german fleet is done by Blenheim IVs.

1939 - Sergeant George Booth, an observer with No.107 Squadron becomes the 1st British Prisoner of War when his Bristol Blenheim is shot down over the German coast.

1939 - The 1st RAF attack on an enemy aircraft occurs when a Lockheed Hudson of No.224 Squadron fires on a Dornier Do18 over North Sea.

1939 - 1st prototype of the Spitfire (K5054) is written off after a landing accident which killed the pilot (F/Lt White) at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (R.A.E.) at Farnborough -

1941 - Death of Carlo Romagnoli, Spanish War and WWII Italian flying ace, Killed in action in his Macchi MC.200 near Malta.

1943 - Death of Giuseppe Cenni, Spanish war and WWII Italian flying ace, Killed in action by a Spitfire in his Reggiane Re.2002 fighter-bomber. -

1946 - Death of Tom Falcon Hazell, Irish WWI fighter ace, 5th most successful British “flying ace” during the war, and the 3rd most successful Irish-born pilot, behind Edward Mannock and George McElroy, as well the only pilot to survive the war from both groups. -

1947 - Last flight of the Bell WP-83, US prototype escort jet fighter. Its ramjet caught fire and flames spread to the wing. Pilot Chalmers 'Slick' Goodlin and engineer Charles Fay, without benefit of ejection seats, bailed out safely.

1948 - 1st flight of The Yakovlev Yak-30, experimental Soviet jet interceptor.

1949 - 1st flight of The Bristol Type 167 Brabazon, British large propeller-driven airliner, designed to fly transatlantic routes from the United Kingdom to the United States.

1949 - 1st flight of The Avro 707 (also known as Type 707), British experimental aircraft built to test the tailess thick delta wing configuration chosen for the Avro 698 jet bomber, later named the Vulcan.

1950 - 1st pilot to be rescued from behind enemy lines by a helicopter is Cpt Robert Wayne.

1954 - 1st flight of The SIPA S.300, French turbojet powered basic trainer prototype , claimed to be the 1st of its kind anywhere.

1954 - The Sud-Ouest SO 9000 Trident, mixed power French prototype interceptor aircraft, flew for the 1st time with its primary power plant, a triple-barrel SEPR 481 liquid rocket motor providing a total thrust of 4500kg.

1954 - A Lockheed P2V-5 of VP-19 operating from NAS Atsugi ditched in the Sea of Japan, 40 miles off the coast of Siberia after an attack by two Soviet Air Forces MiG-15 Fagots. One crewmen was lost, and the other nine were rescued by a USAF Grumman Albatross amphibian.

1955 - Col. Carlos Talbott with a F-100C Super Sabre won the Bendix Trophy, covering 2,235 mi (2,020 nmi, 3,745 km) at an average speed of 610.726 mph (530.706 kn, 982.868 km/h).

1957 - 1st flight of The Lockheed JetStar, American Business jet, 1st dedicated business jet to enter service.

1963 – Swissair Flight 306 Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle III crashes shortly after take-off near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board.

1963 - Birth of Alfredo Studer, Swiss paraglider pilot record breaker.

1964 - 1st flight of The HAL HJT-16 Kiran (Ray of Light), Indian two-seat basic jet trainer.

1970 - Death of James Martin Taylor, USAF test pilot and Astronaut, killed along with French air force exchange test pilot trainee, Pierre J. du Bucq, when their T-38 aircraft crashed during a training mission at Palmdale Regional Airport. The crash was caused by severe wake turbulence from a C-141 that was performing touch-and-goes on an intersecting runway.

1971 – Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 Boeing 727-100 crashes in a mountain near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.

1971 - 1st transatlantic crossing of the Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde.

1973 - Death of George Chisholm MacKay, Canadian WWI fighter ace -

1974 - Death of Charles Henry Arnison, British WWI flying ace. -

1982 - 1st flight of the Bredelet-Gros BG-01, French 3 seat high wing monoplane all metal for homebuilt construction.

1989 - Death of Carl-August von Schoenebeck, German WWI flying ace, Raid pilot, Arado test pilot and WWII high ranking officer. -

1994 - Opening of Kansai International Airport, international airport located on an artificial island in the middle of Osaka Bay, Japan.

1997 - 1st flight of The Kamov Ka-226 "Sergei", Russian small, twin-engined utility helicopter featuring interchangeable mission pods.

1998 - 1st flight of The Boeing Business Jet series, variants of Boeing airliners for the corporate jet market, 25 and 50 passengers within a luxurious configuration. This may include a master bedroom, a washroom with showers, a conference/dining area, and a living area.

1999 - The 11th FAI World Rally Flying Championship begins in Ravenna in Italy with 48 crews from 16 countries.

2000 - A Beechcraft 200 Super King Air crashed near Mount Isa, Queensland, Australia, killing all 8 after they had been suffering from hypoxia

2001 - 1st flight of the Sukhoi Su-80, Russian twin-turboprop, twin-boom STOL transport aircraft.

2008 - Death of Helma Sjuts, German balloonist

2009 - Kunduz airstrike in northern Afghanistan. Responding to a call by German forces, an American F-15E fighter jet struck two fuel tankers captured by Taliban insurgents.

2010 - Skydive New Zealand Fletcher FU24, parachuting flight, probably overloaded, crashed shortly after take-off from Fox Glacier Airstrip, killing all 9 people on board.