On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 9 th

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1830 - 1st successful American aeronaut is Charles Ferson Durant. He made his 1st ascent from New York's Castle Garden, 1rst person to drop leaflets from the sky, scattering copies of poems he wrote that told of the joys of flight.

1836 - Charles Green ascended the 'Great Nassau' balloon from Vauxhall Gardens, in company with eight persons, and, after remaining in the air about one hour and a half, descended at Cliffe, near Gravesend.

1880 - Birth of Walter R. Taliaferro, United States Army early aviator.

1890 - Death of Eugène Godard, french aeronaut.

1892 - Birth of Ferruccio Ranza, WWI italian fighter Ace and WWII high ranking officer -

1894 - Birth of Hans Christian Friedrich Donhauser, German WWI flying ace, smallest aviator in the German air force. -

1894 - Birth of Orville "Tubby" Alfred Ralston, american WWI flying ace who served in WWII. -

1895 - Birth of Hans-Georg von der Osten, German WWI flying ace who also served in WWII -

1897 - Birth of Horace Gilbert Wanklyn Debenham, British WWI flying ace

1897 - Birth of Bernard Paul Gascoigne Beanlands, Canadian WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident at RAF Northolt -

1908 - Orville Wright flies the Flyer at Fort Myer, Virginia, 1 hour 3 minutes and 15 seconds. Later He also took Frank Purdy Lahm, 1st U.S. military officer to fly in a powered airplane, on a flight of six minutes and 24 seconds. -

1911 - Gustav Hamel in a Blériot XI, delivers the 1st official airmail to the Postmaster General. The mail contains messages for King George V and other members of the British royal family.

1912 - Jules Vedrines wins the Gordon Bennett cup by flying a world record speed of 173kph (108mph) in his Monocoque Deperdussin monoplane at Chicago. -

1912 - Birth of Felipe del Río Crespo, Spanish Republican flying ace of the civil war

1913 - 1st German Navy airship, Zeppelin LZ14 (L1), crashes into the North Sea off Heligoland, killing most of the 20 crew.

1916 - 1st flight of The Bristol F.2 Fighter (often simply called the Bristol Fighter or popularly the "Brisfit" or "Biff"), British two-seat biplane fighter and reconnaissance aircraft of WWI flown by the Royal Flying Corps

1920 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-37, small French biplane airliner prototype issued from the S-27

1922 - Cpt Frank Barnard wins the 1t King's Cup air race, flying from Croydon, England to Scotland and back in 6 hours 32 minutes in a de Havilland DH.4.

1923 - 1st flight of The Curtiss C2R, American racing aircraft designed for the US Navy, single-seater biplane with a monocoque fuselage and staggered single-bay wings of unequal span braced with I-struts.

1929 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth, British three-seater high-wing monoplane used for a number of record breaking flights.

1929 - 1st flight of the Fernic T-9, Romanian 8 seat twin engine monoplane.

1932 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB.92 Grand Tourisme, French Twin seat single engine high wing monoplane, issued from the MB-90. -

1942 - A Japanese Yokosuka E14Y 'glen' floatplane is launched from a Japanese submarine (I-25), The pilot Nobuo Fujita dropped two incendiary bombs with the intention of starting a forest fire on the Oregon Mountains, near Brookings, Pacific Ocean.

1942 - 1st aircraft carrier to escort an Arctic convoy : HMS Avenger (D14) joins Convoy PQ 18, bound from Loch Ewe, Scotland, to Archangel in the Soviet Union, as an escort.

1943 - Death of Kurakazu Goto, Japnese WWII flying ace, killed in action.

1943 - Italian battleship Roma is sunk by two Ruhrstahl/Kramer Fritz X1 radio controlled glide bombs dropped from 6 Dornier Do217s from f Kampfgeschwader 100, while the battleship Italia is damaged. The 2 ships were on their way to Malta to surrender. -

1943 - Death of Federico Martinengo, Italian WWI flying ace (serving with Regia Accademia Navale), Instructor and Battleship officer in WWII, Killed at the helm of his ship, fighting German ships in an action near Gorgona. -

1948 - John Douglas Derry is thought to have probably exceeded the speed of sound in a shallow dive from 40,000 ft (12,195 m) to 30,000 ft (9,145 m) in a de Havilland DH 108 'Swallow'.

1949 - 1st flight of The Lavochkin La-200, Soviet two-seater, swept winged, Night and Bad Weather Jet Interceptor Fighter prototype.

1949 - Canadian Pacific Airline Douglas DC-3 exploded in mid-flight en route from Quebec City to Baie-Comeau as the result of an onboard bomb, killing all 23 on board

1952 - Birth of Lee Miller Emile Morin, US Navy pilot and NASA astronaut.

1956 - Birth of Anatoly Pavlovich Artsebarsky, Soviet Air force pilot and cosmonaut.

1961 - 1st flight of The Bölkow Bo 103, German small experimental helicopter flown to research new rotor systems.

1962 - Death of Vladimir Iakovlevitch Klimov, Russian aircraft engine designer.

1962 - Death of Chen Huai-sheng, Republic of China (Taiwan) pilot, flying a Lockheed U-2C for a mission on military deployment in Jiangxi region, shot down by SA-2 fired by PLAAF 2nd Surface-to-Air Guided Missile Battalion over Nanchang.

1964 - 1st flight of the Ye-155-P1, Soviet supersonic fighter interceptor prototype of the Mig-25 Foxbat.

1964 - 1st flight of The Beechcraft King Air, American twin-turboprop aircraft.

1967 - Death of Huang Jung-Bein, Republic of China (Taiwan) pilot, flying a Lockheed U-2C over the Jiangsu province, Shanghai and Hangzhou, shot down by Chinese-made Red Flag 2 by PLAAF 14th Surface-to-Air Guided Missile Battalion over Jiaxing.

1969 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 collides in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashes near Fairland, Indiana, killing 83.

1970 – BOAC Flight 775 Vickers VC10 coming from Bahrain is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.

1972 - USAF Capt Charles Barbin “Chuck” DeBellevue becomes the 1st Air Force Weapon Systems Officer (WSO) to become a flying "Ace", shooting down his 5th and 6th MIG-19

1973 - Death of Sergei Konstantinovich Tumansky, Soviet aircraft engine designer.

1975 - Launch of Kiku-1, 1st of a serie of Japanese Navigation technology satellite.

1975 - Launch of Viking 2, NASA spacecraft to Mars.

1977 - Death of Rita Maiburg, German airliner pilot, 1st woman airline captain.

1977 - Maxie Anderson, Ben Abruzzo, and Ed Yost depart Marshfield, Massachusetts, in the balloon 'Double Eagle' in an attempt to make the 1st crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in a balloon.

1978 - Launch of Venera 11, USSR unmanned space mission to explore the planet Venus.

1980 - Island Air (officially Hawaii Island Air, Inc.), independent American commuter airline based in Hawai, begins opertaions.

1983 - Birth of Deanna Marie 'Dee' Brasseur, Canadian military officer and one of the 1st 2 female CF-18 Hornet fighter pilots in the world. -

1988 - Vietnam Airlines Flight 831 Tupolev Tu-134, Probably strucked by lightning, crashed in a rice field near Samafahkarm Village, Kukod, Lam Luk Ka, Pathum Thani, Thailand, Killing 76 over 90.

1990 - Death of Rimantas Antanas-Antonovich Stankiavicius, Lithuanian test pilot cosmonaut, Buran Test Pilot, killed in the crash of a Su-27 fighter at an air show at Treviso, Italy.

1992 - Launch of Hispasat 1A, Spanish communication satellite.

1994 - A Tupolev Tu-134AK collided over Zhukovsky, Russia, with a Tupolev 22M3-LL aerodynamics research aircraft while acting as a chase aircraft to photograph. 7 Where killed in the crash of the Tu-134 while the Tu-22 managed to land safely.

1994 - Launch of STS-64, Space Shuttle Discovery mission to perform multiple experiment packages.

1995 - Death of Reinhard Alfred Furrer, German physicist and astronaut, killed in the crash of a Messerschmitt BF-108 Taifun during a flight show on the Johannisthal Air Field (Berlin)

1998 - Keiko, male orca / actor who starred in the film Free Willy, is flown from the Oregon Coast Aquarium at Newport, Oregonto to Klettsvik Bay in Vestmannaeyjar in Iceland with a Boeing C-17 Globemaster

1995 - Diana Britten becomes the 1st woman to win the British Aerobatic Championship with an Extra 260.

2005 - Air Kasaï Antonov An-26B crashed in neighbouring Congo Brazzaville killing all 13.

2006 - Launch of STS-115, Space Shuttle Atlantis mission to the International Space Station (ISS), 1st assembly mission to the ISS after the Columbia disaster.

2006 - 1st flight of The Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter (LCF) or Dreamlifter, American wide-body cargo aircraft and the world's longest cargo loader, Constructed by drastic modifications to an existing Boeing 747-400.

2012 - Launch of SPOT 6, French high-resolution, optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space.