On This Day in Aviation History JULY 14 th

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1877 - Birth of Karl Illner, Austrian aviation pioneer.


1895 - British Neil Campbell, ascending from Horsham, dashed with his balloon against a chimney in a strong wind.


1898 - Birth of Bernard Albert Walkerdine, British WWI flying ace


1898 - Birth of Harold Ellis 'Moose' Watson, Canadian WWI flying ace, Canadian amateur ice hockey player who won a gold medal for Canada at the 1924 Winter Olympics.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Watson_(ice_hockey_b._1898) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/watson1.php

1902 - Stanley Edward Spencer's wife, Rose, on Spencer's first airship, made powered flight in a circuit around the ground, "under perfect control" according to one newspaper report.If the various press reports of the event are correct, this makes Mrs Spencer the 1st woman to pilot a powered aircraft.


1905 - Orville Wright has a serious crash with Wright Flyer III, upon which the Wright Brothers radically alter the aircraft. The pivot point of the front rudder is mainly the culprit for the Flyer's insistent pitching.


1906 - Birth opf Jacques Lecarme, French test pilot


1909 - Birth of Frank Glasgow Tinker, American author and mercenary fighter pilot for the Spanish Republican Air Force, during the Spanish Civil War, top American ace during the Spanish Civil War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Glasgow_Tinker - http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/us_tinker.htm

1913 - Death of Léonce Bertin, French aircraft designer, killed with his son René in the crash of his Bertin Monoplane.


1913 - 1st flight of The Cody Floatplane (also referred to as the Cody Hydro-biplane) was designed and built as an entrant in the 1913 Daily Mail Circuit of Britain race.


1916 - 1st flight of The Bristol M.1 Monoplane Scout, British WWI monoplane fighter.


1917 - Death of Kurt Schneider, German WWI fighter ace, From wounds received in action

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Schneider_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/schneider1.php

1917 - Death of Thomas (Tom) Wesley Benoist, American aviation pioneer who started the 1st scheduled aircraft service, founder of Benoist Aircraft Co.


1918 - Death of Quentin Roosevelt, youngest and favourite son of President Theodore Roosevelt and WWI Pilot, Killed in his Nieuport 28 in aerial combat over France


1919 - Death of Adrian James Boswell Tonks, British WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident in Egypt.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrian_Tonks - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/tonks.php

1919 - A Fiat BR , italian light bomber, makes the 1st direct flight from Rome to Paris.


1919 - Death of Henry Arthur Richard "Weegee" Biziou, British WWI flying ace, killed in a collision with a Bristol F.2 Fighter at RAF Farnborough.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Biziou - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/biziou.php

1922 - Birth of Robin Olds, American fighter pilot and general officer in the U.S. Air Force. He was a "triple ace", with a combined total of 16 victories in WWII and the Vietnam War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robin_Olds - http://cieldegloire.com/014_olds_r.php

1923 - Death of Thomas Francis Netterville "Teddy" Gerrard, British WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Gerrard_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/gerrard.php

1932 - 1st flight of the Boeing Model 214, US private-venture development of a all-metal monoplane bomber aircraft.


1934 - Howard Hughes lands in New York after a record-breaking 14,874-mile trip round the Northern Hemisphere with a Lockheed Electra 14 in 3 days 19 hours.


1935 - A KLM Fokker F.XXII 'Bergeronnette', Dutch high wing four-engined 22-passenger airliner, crashed near Malmö, killing 6 over 20.


1936 - 1st flight of The Kawanishi H6K, Imperial Japanese Navy 4 engine patrol flying boat.


1936 – The Metropolitan British Royal Air Force is re-organised on functional grounds and RAF Fighter Command, RAF Bomber Command and RAF Coastal Command are established.


1936 - Birth of Robert Franklyn Overmyer, USMC test pilot and NASA astronaut.


1937 - Mikhail Gromov, A. B. Yumashev and S. A. Danilin established a new non-stop flight distance record of 10,148 kilometers (6,306 mi) from Moscow to San Jacinto, California, U.S., via the North Pole in a Tupolev ANT-25.


1938 - Howard Hughes lands back his Lockheed Super Electra in New York, after a global circumnavigation flight of 71 hours, 11 minutes, 10 seconds for 14,672 mi (23,612 km), setting a new record.


1941 - Birth of Tatyana Dmitryevna Kuznetsova, Soviet engineer and parachutist, youngest person ever selected by a government human spaceflight program.


1945 - USAAF Douglas A20s operating from Hollandia, attack Japanese-held oil fields at Boela on Ceram Island. They use rocket bombs for the 1st time in the southwest Pacific.


1945 - Death of Sadamitsu Kimura, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action in his ki-45 while intercepting B-29s


1948 - 1st glide flight of the Samolyot 5, Soviet swept-wing aircraft 2/3 size prototype rocket plane, dropped from a Pe-8.


1948 - 6 Vampire F.3s of No. 54 Squadron RAF became the 1st jet aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. The six aircrafts, commanded by Wg Cdr D S Wilson-MacDonald, DSO, DFC, go via Stornoway, Iceland and Labrador to Montreal on the first leg of a goodwill tour of Canada and the US where they gave several formation aerobatic displays.


1948 - 1st flight of The Supermarine Seagull ASR-1, British amphibious prototype, military flying boat and last to be built by the Supermarine company.


1948 - Silver City Airways makes the 1st car-carrying flight between England and France with a Bristol Freighter.


1949 - 1st flight of the Fouga CM-8R 'Sylphe' I, French sailplane prototype to experiments with mounting a small turbojet on the dorsal fuselage, exhausting between the tail fins.

http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9257 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fouga_CM.8

1951 - 1st flight of The production version Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation, american four engine airliner.


1953 - Death of Richard Edler von Mises, Austro-Hungarian born American scientist and mathematician who worked on solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, aeronautics, statistics and probability theory.


1954 - The Handley Page HP.80 Victor prototype loses its tailplane whilst making a low-level pass over the runway at Cranfield, causing the aircraft to crash with the loss of the crew.


1954 - 1st free flight of The McDonnell XV-1, US experimental compound helicopter, designated as a convertiplane.


1955 - 1st flight of the Martin P6M SeaMaster, US strategic bomber jet flying boat.


1959 - Maj Vladimir Sergeievitch Ilyushin sets a new altitude record of 28,852 m (94,659 ft) in the Sukhoi T-431


1960 - The United Nations Security Council authorized UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold to send a military force to the Congo. The United States, the Soviet Union and Great Britain would provide that would become the largest airlift since the Berlin blockade.


1963 - 1st flight of the Fauvel AV-60, French light single seat sports aircraft, designed specifically for amateur builders.

http://www.nurflugel.com/Nurflugel/Fauvel/e_AV60.htm - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=6968

1965 – The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars begins to take the 1st close-up photos of another planet.


1971 - 1st flight of The VFW-Fokker 614 (also VFW 614), german twin-engined jetliner, engines mounted in pods on pylons above, rather than below, the wing.


1974 - Death of Carl Andrew "Tooey" Spaatz, WWI pilot, American WWII general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force.


1977 - Launch of Himawari 1, Japanese Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS).


1979 - Death of Eric Yorath "Taffy" Hughes, Welsh WWI flying ace


1982 - Death of Marcel Anatole Hugues, French WWI fighter ace, WWII pilot and commanding officer.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Hugues - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/hugues.php - http://albindenis.free.fr/Site_escadrille/As_Marcel_Hughes.htm

1982 - 1st flight of The Harbin Y-12, Chinese high wing twin-engine turboprop utility aircraft.


1983 - 1st flight of The Extra 230, german single-seat aerobatic aircraft.


1988 - 1st flight of The SOCATA TBM 700, French high performance single engine turboprop light business and utility aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOCATA_TBM - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=6752

1998 - Death of Mark Lasarewitsch Gallai, soviet WWII pilot, Test pilot and engineer.


2002 - The 15th FAI World Precision Flying Championship in Zagreb, Croatia, ends with the victory of Czech Luboš Hájek in a Cessna 152.


2004 - The 14th FAI World Rally Flying Championship begins in Herning, Denmark 50 crews.


2008 - Death of Yoshinao Kodaira, Japanese Sino-Japanese war and WWII Flying ace who served with the Japan Air Self-Defense Force post WWII.


2009 - Launch of RazakSAT, Malaysian satellite carrying a high-resolution Earth camera


2009 - Pet Airways, American airline specialized exclusively in air transportation of pets, using contracted small air carriers, 1st airline designed specifically for pets, begins operations.