On This Day in Aviation History February 25 th

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1784 - 1st balloon flight made in Italy takes place from the grounds of a villa owned by Chevalier Paul Andreani near Milan and uses a modified Montgolfière hot air design built by the brothers Charles and Augustin Gerli


1893 - Birth of Hans Wolfgang von Gronau, German glider pilot and aviation pioneer.


1895 - Birth of Rudolf von Eschwege, German WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_von_Eschwege - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/eschwege.php

1895 - Birth of Will Hubbard, British WWI flying ace, who served in the RAAF in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Will_Hubbard - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/hubbard1.php

1896 - Birth of Heinrich Gontermann, German WWI fighter ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Gontermann - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/gontermann.php

1897 - Birth of Samuel Marcus Kinkead, South African WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Kinkead - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/safrica/kinkead.php

1899 - Birth of Charles Cannon Dance, British WWI Observer/flying ace.


1911 - Birth of Carl Bode, German engineer and helicopter test pilot


1911 - 1st flight of the Curtiss 'Triad', Early american seaplane, a Curtiss E pusher mounted on center float.

http://www.seaplanehomecoming.org/A1.html - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtiss_Model_E

1918 - Death of Johann Frint, Austro-Hungarian WWI flying ace, killed in a crash while testing an Albatross D.III

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Frint - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/austrhun/frint.php

1929 - 1st major air evacuation in the world comes to an end when Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF) flies out the last of 586 civilians from Kabul to the safety to India. The airlift involves nationals of about 20 countries.


1930 - Ralph O'Neil lands his Sikorsky S-38 in Miami on the 1st mail service of America airline New York, Rio and Buenos Aires Line (NYRBA) between Buenos Aires and New York after a difficult 6-day flight from Argentina.


1932 - Responsibility for all civil aviation activities in the Soviet Union came under the control of the Chief Directorate of the Civil Air Fleet.


1933 - USS Ranger, the US Navy's 1st ship to be built solely as an aircraft carrier, is launched.


1934 - American airwoman Laura Ingalls starts a solo flight round South America in a Lockheed Air Express.


1938 - 1st flight of The Aubert PA-20 Cigale, French 2 seat prototype high-wing cantilever monoplane of conventional configuration with fixed, tailwheel undercarriage.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aubert_Cigale - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=10074

1940 - 1st flight of the Arsenal VG-35, French light fighter aircraft prototype developped from the VG-33.

http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=4974 - http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenal_VG_33#Arsenal_VG_35

1940 - 1st RCAF unit, 110 Army Co-op Squadron, arrived in England.


1941 - 1st flight of The Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant, large German cargo glider.


1944 - Death of Siegfried Schnell, German WWII flying ace, Killed in action in his Messerschmitt Bf 109 G6 by a soviet fighter over Narva, Russia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siegfried_Schnell - http://www.luftwaffe.cz/schnell.html

1945 - 1st flight of The Bell XP-83, US prototype escort fighter designed by Bell Aircraft.


1954 - 1st flight of The Convair R3Y-1 Tradewind , American high-wing turboprop-powered with contra-rotating propellers flying boat, Transport and Cargo version of the Model 117 (XP5Y-1).


1959 - French André Turcat flying the Nord 1500 Griffon II (French ramjet-powered aircraft), broke the world speed record over 100 kilometers at an average 1,643 km/h (1,021 mph).


1960 - A US Navy Douglas R6D-1 (DC-6A) carrying members of the US Navy Band to Brazil, collided in mid-air over Guanabara Bay with a Real Transportes Aéreos Douglas DC-3, killing 61 over 64.


1961 - 1st flight of The Malmö MFI-10 Vipan, four-seat light utility monoplane designed and built in Sweden by Malmö Flygindustri.

http://www.aviastar.org/manufacturers/1458.html - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malm%C3%B6_MFI-10_Vipan

1961 - Paul F. Bikle, Director of NASA's Flight Research Centre at Edwards Air Force Base in California pilots a Schweizer I23E glider (sailplane) to a height of 14,102 metres (46,267 feet)


1962 - Avensa Fairchild F-27 crashed into San Juan mountain on Venezuela's Margarita Island in the Caribbean Sea, few minutes after departure from Portamar, killing all 23


1963 - 1st flight of The Transall C-160, military high win twin engine transport aircraft developed by a consortium of French and German aircraft manufacturers


1964 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 304 Douglas DC-8 crashes in Louisiana's Lake Pontchartrain, killing all 51 passengers and 7 crew.


1964 - Death of Maurice Alain Farman, French Grand Prix motor racing champion, aviator, aircraft manufacturer and designer.


1965 - 1st flight of The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9), twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, designed for frequent, short flights.


1966 - 1st flight of The Alon A-4, prototype American light aircraft conventional, singled-engined low-winged monoplane of all-metal construction with a fixed (non retractable) tricycle landing gear undercarriage.


1970 - TWA becomes the 1st airline to fly a "Jumbo Jet" within the US, when it inaugurates a Boeing 747 service between Los Angeles and New York.


1971 - Death of Thea Rasche, Germany's 1st woman pilot.


1972 - Luna 20, Soviet lunar sample return missions, parachuted down safely on an island in the Karkingir River, 40 kilometers north of the town of Jezkazgan in Kazakhstan.


1976 - 1st flight of the 2nd assembled Fuji/Rockwell Commander 700, joint Japanese-American development ,low-wing cantilever monoplane with a conventional tail unit and a retractable tricycle landing gear.


1977 - Soyuz 24, Soviet mission to the Salyut 5 space station, 3rd and final mission to the station, last purely military crew for the Soviets and final mission to a military Salyut, is back on earth.


1978 - Death of Daniel "Chappie" James Jr., American WWII, Korean and Vietnam War fighter pilot and 1st black American to reach the rank of four-star general.


1979 - Launch of Soyuz 32, Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station.


1979 - Death of Henrich Focke, German aviation pioneer, co-founder of the Focke-Wulf company.


1988 - Launch of Prithvi I, Indian 1st tactical surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missile (SRBM).


2000 - 1st flight of The Xian MA60, Chinese turboprop-powered airliner.


2002 - 1st flight of The Comp Air 3, American small civil utility aircraft marketed in kit form, conventional, high-wing monoplane built largely of composite materials and which can be configured with either tailwheel or tricycle undercarriage


2004 - 1st flight of the AAI SparrowHawk, American two seat pusher ultralight autogyro for amateur construction.


2009 - Turkish Airlines Flight 1951 Boeing 737-8F2 crashed during landing to Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, Netherlands, as the autothrottle decreased the engine power to idle during approach due to a aulty radio altimeter, killing 9 over 135


2013 - Launch of SARAL (Satellite with ARgos and ALtiKa), cooperative altimetry technology mission of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and CNES (Space Agency of France).