On This Day in Aviation History March 26 th

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1870 - Death of Charles Green, British famous balloonist.

1885 - Birth of Robert Blackburn, English aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft

1893 - Birth of William Thomas Ponder, American WWI flying ace, who flew beer in from Mexico into Texas during prohibition for servicemen dying in hospitals who were in need of a last beverage of their choice. He worked for Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation and founded the Ponder Aircraft Sales Company. -

1894 - Birth of Albert Achard, French WWI flying ace. -

1894 - Birth of Douglas Hugh Moffatt Carbery, British WWI flying ace -

1898 - Birth of Bernhard Ultsch, German WWI flying ace -

1899 - Birth of Raymond Villechanoux, French WWI pilot,aerobatic pilot and chief test pilot for Bleriot post WWI.

1899 - Birth of Clifford Bowman, British WWI flying ace -

1899 - Birth of Kenneth Charles Mills, British WWI flying ace.

1911 - Birth of Mitsugu Sawada, Japanese Sino-Japanese war and WWII flying ace, known as the ‘King of the Force-Landing’. -

1915 - Birth of Juraj Puškár, Slovak WWII flying ace who served on the Eastern front with the Axis Forces.

1917 - Birth of Teresio Martinoli, Italian WWII fighter ace. -

1917 - The sole Nestler Scout, British Biplane fighter prototype, is destroyed in a crash killing test pilot John Bernard Fitzsimons.

1919 - Birth of Walter Frame Gibb, British WWII flying ace and test pilot who twice held the world altitude record.

1922 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH.34, British single engined biplane airliner, from Edgware, near London. One of the 1st small commercial transport aircraft built upon experience from passenger flying and the requirements of airline operators.This 10-seat passenger had a top speed of 128 mph, a cruising speed of 105 mph and a range of 365 miles.

1926 - French Robert Bajac sets a world endurance record of 3 hours 46 minutes 35 seconds with a 1,500 kg payload aboard with a Blériot Bl-155.

1927 - 1st flight of The Handley Page Hinaidi, British all-wooden twin-engine biplane bomber, developed from the Handley Page Hyderabad.

1931 - Swissair is formed by the merger of Ad Astra Aero and Balair. - -

1932 - French Lucien Bossoutrot and Maurice Rossi with the Blériot Bl-110 'Joseph Le Brix' set a new world distance record of 10601 km in 76hr 34 Min.

1934 - 1st Flight of The Short L.17 Scylla, British 4-engined 39-seat biplane luxury airliner, Piloted by John Lankester Parker (Chief Test Pilot for Short Brothers) and with three passengers on board, 1st landplane derivative of the Short Kent flying boat. Named Scylla (G-ACJJ), the big biplane is followed by Scyrinx (G-ACJK) for the busy Imperial Airways routes into continental Europe

1936 - Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe and his wife are killed in the crash of a Mexican Ford 5-AT-B Tri-Motor, strucking the Popocatépetl volcano in Zumpango, Mexico. All 18 on board died.,330321.html -,_Prince_of_Schaumburg-Lippe -

1936 - 1st flight of The Autogiro Company of America AC-35, American 2 seat roadable aircraft.

1938 - Arthur Clouston and Victor Ricketts land their D. H. 88 Comet Australian Anniversary at Gravesend in Kent, England to complete a 26,500-mile flight from England to New Zealand and back in a record 10 days 21 hours -

1940 - 1st flight of The Blackburn B-20, British experimentalk aircraft that attempted to drastically increase the performance of flying boat designs. The B-20 was an attempt to combine the best features of both the flying boat and the floatplane. In flight, the main float retracted towards the fuselage, fitting into a "notch" to become streamlined as a part of the fuselage. The wing floats folded outward to become the wing tips.

1940 - 1st Flight of The Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando, american transport aircraft originally derived from a commercial high-altitude airliner design. It was instead used as a military transport during World War II. Known to the men who flew it as "The Whale," or the "Curtiss Calamity,"

1945 - 1st flight with combined jet/rocket power of the Messerschmitt Me 262 C-2b, Single prototype rocket-boosted interceptor with two BMW 003R "combined" powerplants (BMW 003 jet, with a single 1000 kg thrust BMW 718 rocket engine mounted atop the rear of each jet exhaust) for boosted thrust.

1949 - Death of Albert William Stevens, American balloonist and aerial photographer who took the 1st photograph of the Earth in a way that the horizon's curvature is visible, and the 1st photograph of the Moon's shadow projected onto the Earth during a solar eclipse

1950 - 1st flight of the Douglas A2D Skyshark, American turboprop-powered carrier born attack prototype aircraft developped from the A-1 Skyraider.

1952 - 1st flight of the McDonnell Model 79 'Big Henry', second ramjet helicopter.

1955 – Pan am Flight 845/26 ditches into Pacific Ocean off of the Oregon coast after its #3 engine failed. The Boeing 377 Stratocruiser (N1032V) experiences the difficulty after departing Portland International, and floats in the water for two hours, until the USS Bayfield arrives for rescue

1956 - 1st flight of The Temco TT Pinto, american jet-powered, tandem two-place primary trainer aircraft.

1957 - Death of Modesto Panetti, Italian aeronautic Engineer.

1958 - Launch of Explorer 3 , artificial satellite of the Earth.

1962 - Birth of Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko, Ukrainian-Russian cosmonaut

1963 - 1st flight of The Hunting H.126, English experimental aircraft designed and built in order to test the concept of blown flaps (Jet flaps).

1971 - 1st flight of The EADS CASA C-212 Aviocar, turboprop-powered STOL medium transport aircraft designed and built in Spain for civil and military use.

1971 - Jamair Douglas C-47A-90-DL strayed off course on a flight from Guwahati to Calcutta via Bagdogra and collided with a hill, killing all 15.

1974 - Concorde 101 set a speed record of Mach 2.23.

1977 - Death of Alec Stratford Cunningham Reid, British WWI flying ace and politician. -

1979 - Interflug Ilyushin 18D aborted take off at Luanda-4 de Fevereiro Airport, Angola, when the no. 2 engine failed. The Ilyushin overran the runway, collided with the ILS localizer antenna causing the aircraft to break up and burst into flames, Killing all 10.

1992 - 1st flight of The Saab 2000, swedish highspeed turboprop airliner able to cruise at a speed of over 665 km/h (360 kt).

1996 - Pace Airlines, American charter airline, is formed.

2001 - Death of Mary Grace Baloyo, 1st Lieutenant in the Philippine Air Force : the OV-10 Bronco in which she was flying was experiencing engine trouble and rapidly descending into a heavily populated area. Rather than ejecting, she chose to stay on board and diverted the plane before it crashed subsequently killing her. -

2005 - West Caribbean Airways Flight 9955 Let L-410 Turbolet aircraft, registration HK-4146, on departure from El Embrujo Airport, Isla de Providencia in the Caribbean, failed to climb and hit hills close to runway 1, killing the 2 crew and 6 of the 12 passengers. -

2006 - Death of Angelo d'Arrigo, Italian aviator, of French origin, who held a number of world records in the field of flight, principally with microlights and hang gliders, with or without motors. He has been referred to as the "Human Condor", killed in a crash of a light aircraft in which ha was passenger. -

2009 - Launch of Soyuz TMA-14, russian space mission to the ISS.

2010 - Death of HH Sheikh Ahmed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Emirati businessman and Managing Director of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA), in the crash of the ultralight aircraft in which he was learning to fly at lake Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, near the Moroccan capital, Rabat.

2011 - William E. "Wild Bill" Walker, from the Red Thunder Air show team, is killed in the crash of his Yakovlev Yak-52 in Flagler Beach, FLorida -