On This Day in Aviation History JULY 6 th

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1819 - Death of Sophie Blanchard, born Marie Madeleine-Sophie Armant, French aeronaut and wife of ballooning pioneer Jean-Pierre Blanchard, 1st woman to work as a professional balloonist.


1879 - Birth of Karl Maybach, German engineer, who built innovative engines for dirigibles, aircrafts and cars.


1892 - Birth of Willy Omer Francois Jean Coppens, Belgium's leading fighter ace and the champion "balloon buster" of WWI.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willy_Coppens - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/belgium/coppens.php

1892 - Birth of Meredith Thomas, British WWI flying ace and WWII RAF senior commander.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meredith_Thomas - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/thomas3.php

1893 - Birth of Hans Böhning, German WWI fighter ace and glider competitor.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_B%C3%B6hning - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/bohning.php

1893 - Birth of George Raymond Henderson, US navy aviator, record setter, WWII and korean war high ranking officer.


1894 - Birth of Eric Yorath "Taffy" Hughes, Welsh WWI flying ace


1914 - Death of Georges Legagneux, early french aviator who setted altitude records, killed in the crash of his monoplane near Saumur, France.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Legagneux - http://aviatechno.free.fr/brevets/images_brevets.php?image=55

1915 - Death of Lawrence Hargrave, British engineer, explorer, astronomer, inventor and aeronautical pioneer.

http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/hargrave_bio_large_print.html - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Hargrave

1917 - British flying ace Donald Charles Cunnell and his observer Albert Edward Woodbridge scores 4 Albatros D.V on a single mission with their F.E.2d.

http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/cunnell.php - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/woodbridge.php

1917 - With his Sopwith triplane, Canadian Raymond "Collie" Collishaw shoots down 6 Albatros D.V on a single mission.


1917 - 1st flight of postal delivery in the annals of world history: Mexican Horacio Ruiz flew 57 minutes and 42 seconds to travel to Mexico, according to the Mexican Postal Service, within four hours of landing, cards were distributed to the recipients.


1919 - British rigid airship, R-34, lands in Long Island, New York after a flight of 108 hours with virtually no fuel left. It had a 30-man crew and is piloted by Major G.H. Scott. As the landing party had no experience of handling large rigid airships, Major EM Pritchard jumped by parachute and so became the 1st person to reach American soil by air from Europe.


1920 - In a test of the radio compass as an aid to navigation, an F5L left Hampton Roads and flew directly to Ohio (BB 12), 94 miles at sea in a position unknown to the pilot. Without landing, the plane made the return trip to Hampton Roads, this time navigating by signals from Norfolk.


1922 - 1st use of naval aircraft in combat in Latin America: during the first Tenente revolt, two Brazilian Navy aircrafts bomb the rebellious Fort Copacabana in Rio de Janeiro.


1924 - Birth of Major General Robert Michael "Bob" White, US military aircraft test pilot who broke several records with the North American X-15 experimental aircraft.


1926 - 1st flight of The Macchi M.39, Italian racing seaplane.


1931 - 1st flight of the Bodiansky 20, french 4 seat single engine low wing monoplane prototype.


1933 - The USS Macon 1st docked an aircraft, a F9C Sparrowhawk biplane, during trial flights out of Lakehurst, New Jersey.


1934 - French Francois and Génin win the Bibesco cup at an average speed of 313.4 km/h with the A.N.F. Les Mureaux 112 GR raid prototype.


1935 - Birth of Muhammad Mahmood Alam , Pakistani indo-Pakistan war Flying ace.


1937 - Spanish Civil war : Beginning of The Battle of Brunete. Supported by 300 aircraft, the Republicans use Polikarpov I-15 fighters at night for the 1st time during the battle, opposing night-bombing German Heinkel He 111 bombers. The Nationalists redeploy German aircraft of the Condor Legion from north to central Spain to support Nationalist ground forces around Brunete.


1938 - 1st flight of the Caudron 714, French WWII light Fighter.


1938 - 1st flight of The Loire-Nieuport LN.401, French-built dive bomber aircraft.


1939 - Olga Klepikowa sets a world record by flying an Antonow RF-7 glider 746 km (466 miles) from Moscow to Otradnoje.


1939 - Eastern Airlines inaugurates the 1st scheduled airmail flight by autogiro from Philadelphia's 30th Street Post Office roof to Camden, New Jersey's Central Airport is made by John M. Miller with a Kellett KD-1B.


1940 - 1st depth charge used by a Royal Air Force anti-submarine warfare aircraft is the 450 pound MkVII depth charge, which gradually replace the earlier, ineffective anti-submarine bombs used by RAF Coastal Command.


1940 - 12 British Fairey Swordfish aircraft from Ark Royal raided Mers-el-Kebir. One torpedo hit the patrol boat Terre-Neuve, which was moored alongside Dunkerque and was carrying a supply of depth charges. Terre-Neuve quickly sank and its charges triggered a large explosion, causing serious damage to Dunkerque.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_battleship_Dunkerque#Mers-el-K.C3.A9bir - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Mers-el-K%C3%A9bir#Attack

1945 - Birth of Doru Davidovici, Romanian aviator and writer.


1947 - 1st flight of The Dassault MD 315 Flamant, French light twin-engined transport airplane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dassault_MD_315_Flamant - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=2935

1951 - Aerial refueling is used under combat conditions for the 1st time, with a KB-29 Superfortress refueling four RF-80 Shooting Stars over North Korea


1952 - Death of Maryse Bastié, Born Marie-Louise Bombec, French Aerobatic and raid aviator, Crashing with the 2nd prototype Nord 2501 Noratlas in Lyon-Bron, France.


1952 - Death of Carl Oskar Ursinus, pioneer of German aviation, remembered mainly for his contributions to sailplane designs and the sport of gliding. He has been nicknamed the Rhönvater ("Rhön father") because he founded Germany’s first gliding club at the Wasserkuppe in the Rhön Mountains. He also pursued experiments in human-powered flight.


1954 - 1st hover flight of the Transcendental Model 1-G, American single-seater convertible helicopter prototype with two contra-rotating rotors located at the end of its wings (Tilt rotor).


1960 - 1st flight of the Fournier RF-1, French single-seat light aircraft/powered sailplane with modified Volkswagen engine.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fournier_RF-1 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9533

1960 - Last U.S. Navy lighter-than-air loss : A Goodyear ZPG-3W lost hull pressure and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off of New Jersey, Killing 18 over 21.


1965 - 1st flight of the Croses EC-6 'Criquet', French 2-seat side by side homebuilt aircraft with a tailwheel landing gear, and tandem wing configuration similar to the Mignet Pou-du-Ciel family.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croses_Criquet - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9483

1965 - No. 36 Squadron Royal Air Force Handley Page Hastings C1A transport aircraft crashed into a field in Little Baldon, near Chiselhampton, Oxfordshire, shortly after taking off from RAF Abingdon, killing all 41.


1967 - 1st flight of the Aérospatiale SA 321ja Super Frelon, Utility and public transport version of the three-engined heavy transport helicopter, intended to fulfil the main roles of personnel and cargo transport.


1971 - Death of Frank Gerald Craven "Weary" Weare, British WWI fighter ace who also served in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Weare - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/weare.php

1972 - 1st flight of the SAAB MFI 17 Supporter, Military version of the SAAB-MFI-15, two/three-seat trainer.


1972 - 1st flight of the Aerospatiale (Westland) SA 341C Gazelle HT.2, Fleet Air Arm training versions fitted with an Astazou IIIN engine, stability-augmentation system and a hoist incorporated.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%C3%A9rospatiale_Gazelle#Variants - http://www.aviastar.org/helicopters_eng/gazelle.php

1976 - Launch of Soyuz 21, Soviet manned mission to the Salyut 5 space station.


1980 - 1st flight of the Délémontez-Cauchy DC-1, french twin seat light sports aircraft, issued from the Jodel D-9.


1982 - Aeroflot Flight 411 Ilyushin Il-62 crashed and was destroyed by fire shortly after take-off at Sheremetyevo Airport, Moscow While trying to return to the airport on two engines over 4, Jilling all 90.


1993 - Death of Olive Ann Beech (Born Mellor), U.S. aviation pioneer and businesswoman, who founded the Beech Aircraft Company with her husband Walter Herschel Beech.


1996 - Delta Air Lines Flight 1288 McDonnell-Douglas MD-88 experienced an uncontained, catastrophic turbine engine failure that caused debris from the front compressor hub of the number one left engine to penetrate the left aft fuselage. The impact left two passengers dead and two severely injured. The pilot aborted takeoff and the airplane stopped on the runway.


1998 – Hong Kong's Kai Tak Airport is closed and the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok becomes operational.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kai_Tak_Airport#Closure_and_Legacy_of_Kai_Tak_Airport - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_International_Airport#History

2007 - 1st flight of The Epic Victory, American single engine very light jet 4/5 seats.


2008 - Death of Joseph Otis Fletcher, American Air Force pilot and polar researcher, 1st pilot to land at the North pole along with William Pershing Benedict with a C-47.


2009 - Death of Marius Eriksen, Norwegian skier, WWII fighter ace, model and actor.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marius_Eriksen,_Jr. - http://cieldegloire.fr/002n_eriksen_m.php

2009 - Death of William Henry Rankin, USMC WWII and Korean war fighter pilot, only known person to survive a fall from the top of a cumulonimbus thunderstorm cloud.


2011 - Silk Way Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 cargo aircraft crashed into a mountain at a height of approximately 3,800 meters (12,467 feet) some 25 kilometers (16 mi) away from Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan, killing all nine people on board.


2013 - Solar Impulse, Swiss long-range solar powered aircraft, landed at JFK international, having completed his (approx 100 Hrs) flight across America from San Francisco to New York .

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_Impulse - http://www.solarimpulse.com/