On This Day in Aviation History March 11 th

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1877 - Birth of Carl Oskar Ursinus, pioneer of German aviation, remembered mainly for his contributions to sailplane designs and the sport of gliding. He has been nicknamed the Rhönvater ("Rhön father") because he founded Germany’s first gliding club at the Wasserkuppe in the Rhön Mountains. He also pursued experiments in human-powered flight.

1893 - Birth of Robert 'Bob' Dodds, Canadian WWI flying ace, involved in development of Canada's airways system. -

1894 - Birth of Emil Thuy, German WWI fighter ace, who was an adviser to the Finnish air force involved in the secret origins of the Luftwaffe within the Soviet Union. -

1895 - Birth of Johann Schlimpen, German WWI flying ace.

1910 - Birth of Konstantin Konstantinowitsch Kokkinaki, Second Sino-Japanese War and WWII fighter pilot and also test pilot in Mig's Series.

1911 - French Jules Védrines flew from Toulouse to Carcassone with his Morane-Borel.

1915 - 1st kite balloon ship of the Royal Naval Air Service: HMS Manica is hired by the Admiralty to handle observation balloons.

1916 - Death of William 'Billy' C. Robinson, Early american aviator and aircraft designer, crashing during an attempt to break an altitude record -

1918 - Paul Frank Baer scored his 1st aerial victory and is awarded of the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC). -

1918 - Death of Attilio Imolesi, Italian WWI flying ace, died from wounds. -

1918 - Death of John Henry Robertson, Scottish WWI flying ace, died from wounds.

1918 - Canadian WWI fighter ace Frank Granger Quigley shot down a Balloon and later, in a single mission, 3 Pfalz DIII with his sopwith camel.

1918 - 1st regular international airmail service begins, with Hansa-Brandenburg C.I aircraft linking Vienna, Lviv, Proskurov, and Kiev.

1932 - 1st flight of the Latécoère 50.0, french 3 engined parasol winged flying boat prototype.

1939 - 1st flight of the Willoughby Delta 8, or Delta F british small twin-engined aerodynamic test bed for a proposed flying wing airliner.

1940 - 1st U-Boat of the war to be sunk by a RAF aircraft without the assistance of surface vessels. A Bristol Blenheim of No.82 Squadron, RAF Bomber Command, on patrol off Borkum surprises and sinks U-31 on the surface in the Schillig Roads. The attack is pressed home at such a low altitude that the Blenheim is damaged by the explosions.

1941 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine HD-731, French twin seat low wing monoplane observation floatplane prototype. -

1941 - The Congress of the United States passes the Lend-Lease bill, paving the way for the provision of (amongst other equipment) 16,000 warplanes to the UK. Later Lend-Lease arrangements will supply other Allied nations.

1944 - Death of Giovanni Battista Boscutti, WWII italian pilot, while attacking a B-17 raid with his Macchi M.C.205 "Veltro".

1945 - Japan launch Operation Tan No. 2, long-range Kamikaze mission directed at the main Allied naval fleet anchorage at Ulithi atoll in the western Pacific. Twenty-four "Yokosuka P1Y1" twin-engine bombers took-off from Japan to participate in the suicide portion of the attack, supported by other aircraft and submarines. Only two of the aircraft reached Ulithi, arriving after nightfall. One aircraft hit U.S. aircraft carrier Randolph on the starboard side aft just below the flight deck, killing 27 men and wounding 105, many of whom were watching a move in the ship's hangar deck. The second crashed into an access road on Sorlen islet, apparently believing the road with its nearby signal tower to be a ship.

1945 - Death of Walter Hohmann, German engineer who made an important contribution to the understanding of orbital dynamics.

1945 - Death of Paul Tissandier, son of aviator Gaston Tissandier, hot air balloon pilot, Early french aviator and record setter, pilot-pupil of Wilbur Wright who was also involved in the construction of hydro-gliders. -

1948 - Death of John Bowley Quested, British WWI flying ace -

1953 - 1st flight of SAAB J 29 (B version) Flygande tunnan ("The Flying Barrel"), Swedish fighter. The B version featured 50% larger fuel capacity and underwing hardpoints to carry bombs, rockets and drop-tanks

1954 - 1st flight of the Breguet Br 901 'Mouette' (Seagull), french single seat competition sailplane, winner at both the 1954 and 1956 World Gliding Championships. -

1955 – Orient Airways is merged into a new government-owned airline to become Pakistan International Airlines.

1956 - Birth of Curtis Lee "Curt" Brown, Jr., engineer, A-10 and F-16 test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1957 - A Lockheed Super Constellation of Flying Tiger Lines sets a payload record for a commercial aircraft of 41,749 lb (18,936 kg) between Newark, New Jersey and Burbank, California

1957 - Death of Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, Jr., USN, naval officer who specialized in feats of exploration. He was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics.

1957 - 1st flight of The Tupolev Tu-110 (NATO reporting name: Cooker), 4 engine russian airliner.

1958 - 1st fligth of the Sud Aviation SE-3150, French single seat 3 bladed rotor record helicopter prototype, reengined evolution of the SE.3130 Alouette II.

1958 - 1st flight of the prototype Handley Page HPR-7 Dart Herald, British turboprop passenger aircraft, reengined version of the the HPR.3 prototype. -

1959 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King (company designation S-61), twin-engined anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter.

1960 - Launch of Pioneer 5 (also known as 1960 Alpha 1, Pioneer P-2, and Thor Able 4), NASA spin-stabilized space probe used to investigate interplanetary space between the orbits of Earth and Venus

1963 - Birth of Marcos Cesar Pontes, Brazilian Air Force pilot. He became the 1st Brazilian and the 1st Lusophone to go into space when he launched to the International Space Station aboard Soyuz TMA-8

1982 - Death of Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin, Soviet aviator, awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1934 for the rescue of SS Chelyuskin crew from an improvised airfield on the frozen surface of the Chukchi Sea near Kolyuchin Island. In World War II he successfully commanded air brigade, air division and an air corps. General Kamanin was also head of cosmonaut training in Soviet space program. He recruited and trained the 1st generation of cosmonauts, including Yuri Gagarin, Gherman Titov and Alexei Leonov.

1982 - Widerøe Flight 933 De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter crashed after it suffered structural failure in the vertical stabilizer and rudder during clear-air turbulence, killing all 15. There has been put forward a conspiracy theory that the accident was caused by a collision with a Harrier of the British Royal Air Force.

1983 - Avensa Douglas DC-9-32 landed hard slid of the runway after an ILS approach in thick fog at Barquisimeto Airport, Venezuela, and exploded, killing 23 over 50.

1985 - 1st flight of The ARV Super2, British two-seat, strut-braced, shoulder wing, light aircraft,

1993 - 1st flight of the Airbus A-321, derivative of the standard A320, with a stretched fuselage, which is lengthened by 6.94 metres (22 ft 9 in).

1998 - 1st Boeing E-767, airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft, is delivered to the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.

1998 - 1st pre-production flight of The Eurocopter EC155, long-range medium-lift passenger transport helicopter.

2005 - China's 1st private airline, Okay Aiways has its maiden revenue flight.

2005 - Jetsgo , Canadian low-cost carrier ceases all operations and declares bankruptcy protection.

2006 - Launch of Hotbird 7A (Civilian telecommunication satellite), and Spainsat (Spanish military communication satellite) -

2007 – Russian helicopters reportedly attack the Kodori Valley in Abkhazia, an accusation that Russia categorically denies later.

2008 - Launch of STS-123, Space Shuttle mission Endavour to the International Space Station (ISS), to deliver the 1st module of the Japanese laboratory, Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo), and the Canadian Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator, (SPDM) Dextre robotics system to the station.