On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 29th

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1878 - Birth of Jean de Laborde (comte Jean Joseph Jules Noël de Laborde), French Naval Aviation pioneer and Admiral, famous for the scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon.

1882 - Birth of Henri Fabre, French aviator and the inventor of 'Le Canard', the 1st seaplane in history.

1910 - 1st Flight of The Handley Page Type B (also known as Planes Limited Biplane), british unusual single engined pusher aircraft.

1917 - Death of Erwin Böhme, German WWI flying ace, Killed in his Albatros-CIII by an Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8 on a photo-reconnaissance mission near Zonnebeke, Belgium. -

1917 - 1st operational sorties are flown by the Royal Flying Corps in Italy. Royal Aircraft Factory RE8s from No.34 Squadron undertake a photographic reconnaissance of the Montello front, escorted by the Sopwith Camels of No.28 Squadron.

1918 - Captain R.M. Smith, Brigadier General A.E. Borton, Major General W. Salmond and two other crew members begin the 1st flight from Egypt to India with a Handley Page O/400 from Heliopolis to Karachi.

1919 - Death of Hans-Helmut von Boddien, German WWI flying ace

1933 - 1st flight of the Gourdou Leseurre GL-812 HY, French 3-seat reconnaissance floatplane.

1935 – The 'China Clipper', a Martin M-130 four-engine flying boat, completes the 1st airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean from Alameda, California to Manila after traveling via Honolulu, Midway Island, Wake Island, and Guam, and delivered over 110,000 pieces of mail.

1936 - French experimental biplane aircraft with variable wing area, the Gérin 'Varivol', is destroyed in a crash. (additional leading and trailing edges could be extended, increasing the area from 6.3m2 to 26m2) -

1940 - 1st flight of The Junkers Ju 288, German twin engine bomber.

1940 - Death of Stanley Cockerell, WWI flying ace and test pilot for Vickers, killed during a German bombing raid. -

1941 - Death of Pavel Alexandrovich Kaykov, Soviet WWII flying ace. He splintered the tail fin of the Bf 109 he was chasing with the propeller of his Polikarpov I-153 but was unable to bail out and fatally crashed.

1942 - Death of Boyd David "Buzz" Wagner, American aviator and 1st USAAF fighter ace of WWII, killed in the crash of his Curtiss P-40K during a routine flight from Eglin Field, Florida to Maxwell Field, Alabama.

1942 - Death of Rawdon Hume 'Ron' Middleton, Australian WWII bomber pilot. His Stirling I bomber was hit by flak on his way back from a raid over Turin, he managed to reach the coast of england to allow whis crew to bail out safely. His aircraft crashed in the Channel just after.

1944 - Death of Takeo Kanamaru, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action

1945 - 1st air-sea rescue by helicopter takes place when seamen are rescued from an oil barge by a Sikorsky R5 at Long Island Sound.

1945 - Col. Joseph Holzapple lands his Douglas A-26 Invader In washington DC after a 96 hours, and 50 minutes round-the-world trip from Savannah, Georgia, demonstrating the ability of U.S. light bombers to reach any point in the world quickly.

1946 - Death of Ernst Freiherr von Althaus, German WWI flying ace -

1949 - Birth of Kenneth Donald Cameron, USMC test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1949 - American Airlines Flight 157 Douglas DC-6 'Flagship of South Carolina' slid off the runway and struck a parked airplane, a hangar, and a flight school before crashing into a business across from the airport at Love Field in Dallas, Texas, Killing 28 over 46. After one engine failed in mid-flight, a series of critical mistakes by the flight crew caused the pilot to lose control of the plane during the final approach

1949 - Jacqueline Cochran set a 436,995 mph international record for 500 kilometers (310.685 miles) in an F-51 at Desert Center, California on the Mount Wilson course

1950 - Death of Walter Herschel Beech, American pioneer aviator, co-founder with his wife of Beech Aircraft Company.

1961 - Caledonian Airways, Scottish private charter airline, begins operations.

1961 - Launch of Mercury-Atlas 5, American unmanned spaceflight carrying Enos, 1st chimpanzee on orbit. The spacecraft orbited the Earth twice and splashed-down off the coast of Puerto Rico. According to observers, Enos jumped for joy and ran around the deck of the recovery ship enthusiastically shaking the hands of his rescuers. -

1962 - Death of Graham Conacher Young, Scottish WWI flying ace -

1963 - Trans Canada Air Lines Flight 831 Douglas DC-8 crashed just after take off at Therese de Blainville, Canada. All 118 on board were killed.

1964 - Death of George Raymond Henderson, US navy aviator, record setter, WWII and korean war high ranking officer.

1965 - Launch of Alouette II, Canadian research satellite designed to explore the ionosphere.

1967 - Launch of WRESAT-1 (abbreviation for: Weapons Research Establishment Satellite), 1st Australian satellite.

1974 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, American four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter.

1974 - 1st flight of The Boeing Vertol YUH-61 (Model 179), American twin turbine-engined, medium-lift, military assault/utility helicopter

1975 - A piper Aztec crashed while attempting to land in foggy conditions near Arkley golf course in North London. The crash resulted in the death of the whole the Embassy Hill Formula 1 team : team manager Ray Brimble, mechanics Tony Alcock and Terry Richards, up-and-coming driver Anthony William 'Tony' Brise , designer Andy Smallman and famous driver/founder Norman Graham Hill. Graham Hill is the only driver to have won the Triple Crown of Motorsport — the 24 Hours of Le Mans, Indianapolis 500 and Formula One World Championship. -

1987 – Korean Air Flight 858 Boeing 707-3B5C explodes over the Thai-Burmese border after two North Korean agents planted a bomb in the passenger cabin, killing 155.

1989 - 1st flight of The Vought YA-7F "Strikefighter", American prototype transonic attack aircraft based on the subsonic A-7 Corsair II.

1993 - Death of Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata, pioneer aviator and important businessman of India who launched Air India International as India's 1st international airline.

1995 - 1st flight of The Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, American twin-engine carrier-based multirole fighter aircraft. The F/A-18E single-seat variant and F/A-18F tandem-seat variant are larger and more advanced derivatives of the F/A-18C and D Hornet.

2003 - A Democratic Republic of Congo Air Force Antonov An-26 crashed during take-off due to a burst tyre, killing 20 of the 24 people on board and 13 people on the ground.

2006 - Death of Werner Utter, German pilot, one of the 1st pilot for Lufthansa, who flew more of 100 types of aircraft from sailplanes to Jumbo Jet.

2007 - Atlasjet Flight 4203 McDonnell Douglas MD-83 crashed outside the town of Keçiborlu, 18 km (11 mi) from Isparta, killing all 57

2012 – The U.S. Navy successfully conducts the 1st land-based catapult launch of the Northrop Grumman X-47B (unmanned combat air vehicle) at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland.