On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 18 th

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1877 - Samuel Archer King makes a two-hour airmail flight of 26 miles between Nashville and Gallatin, Tennessee, in the balloon Buffalo.

http://stamps.about.com/od/historyofphilately/p/buffalo_balloon.htm - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:1877_Buffalo_balloon_cover.png

1893 - Birth of Mansell Richard James, Canadian WWI flying ace and raid pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansell_Richard_James - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/james.php

1895 - Birth of John Rutherford Gordon, Ausralian WWI flying ace who served with the RAAF in WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rutherford_Gordon - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/gordon2.php

1899 - Birth of Maurice Brochet, French light aircraft designer.


1911 - Death of Théodore Clovis Edmond Lemartin, known as Léon Lemartin, French early aviator, killed in a crash during the Paris-London-Paris leg of Le Circuit Européen (Tour of Europe) air race.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Lemartin#Death_and_commemoration - http://www.airrace.com/ConciseHist.htm - http://www.airrace.com/Chronology.htm

1914 - American inventor Lawrence B. Sperry successfully demonstrates the 1st gyroscopic automatic stabilizing device for powered airplanes on a single-engine Curtiss C-2 biplane with a hydroplane fuselage at the Concours de la Securité en Aéroplane (Airplane Safety Competition) being held on the banks of the Seine River.


1916 - Death of Max Immelmann, 1st German WWI ace, shot down in his Fokker E.III Eindecker by a F.E.2b reconnaissance aircraft of 25 Squadron Royal Flying Corps over Sallaumines in northern France.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Immelmann - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/immelmann.php

1916 - 1st American pilot to be shot down, Horace Clyde Balsley of the Lafayette Escadrille is wounded and survives the engagement.


1917 - Lewis and Vought Company is founded in Long Island, New York


1920 - 1st aircrafts were taken on strength by the Canadian Air Force. They were 4 Avro 504Ks, registered G-CYAA to G-CYAD.


1922 - 1st soaring flight of one hour in slope lift (using hill currents) is made by Arthur Martens in a Vampyr sailplane designed by Wolfgang Klemmperer at the Wasserkuppe, Rhön, Germany.


1925 - Birth of Benjamin Robert Rich, 2nd director of Lockheed's Skunk Works from 1975 to 1991, succeeding its founder, Kelly Johnson. Regarded as the "father of stealth"


1928 – A Latham 47, French twin engine biplane flying boat piloted by René Cyprien Guilbaud carrying Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen and five others on a flight to search for survivors of the Italian airship Italia disappears. Their bodies are never found.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Guilbaud - http://www.aviafrance.com/latham-47-aviation-france-5326.htm

1932 - 1st flight of The Dewoitine D.500 , french all-metal, open-cockpit, fixed-undercarriage monoplane fighter aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.500 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=308

1934 - 1st flight of The Potez 56, French executive transport monoplane and used as a military crew trainer and liaison aircraft.


1934 - Death of André Salel while testing the Farman F 420-01, French bomber prototype.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maryse_Hilsz#Une_aventure_romanesque_mais_tragique - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=882

1935 - The prototype Seversky Sev-2XP (2-seat experimental Pursuit), American all-metal semi-monocoque aircraft prototype with a fixed spatted undercarriage, derivative of the SEV-3 (commercial 3 seat monoplane) crashed while ne route to a USAAC contest for a new single-seat fighter.


1936 - 1st flight of the Caudron C.710, French light fighter aircraft prototype, initial version which will lead to the C.714.


1937 - Valery Chkalov, G.F.Baidukov, A.V.Belyakov takes off their Tupolev ANT-25 from moscow to Vancouver, Washington, via the north pole. A non-stop distance of 8,811 kilometers (5,475 mi). The flight pioneered the polar air route from Europe to the American Pacific Coast.


1937 - Birth of Vitaly Mikhaylovich Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut


1937 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB-160, French four-engine transport aircraft.


1937 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH.93 Don , British multi-role three-seat training aircraft.


1937 - 1st flight of the Vought V-143, American single-seat fighter prototype aircraft, unsuccesful development of the previous V-141.


1940 - The withdrawal of Allied Forces from Normandy is announced and Churchill says: "The battle of France is over.... The Battle of Britain is about to begin ... let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will say 'This was their finest hour'." Royal Air Force Hurricane squadrons in France, having covered the evacuation of remaining British ground forces from the ports of Western France, are ordered back to the United Kingdom. The last out are the first in and the final squadrons to leave are No.1 and No.73 Squadrons, which had been the 1st Royal Air Force fighter squadrons to arrive in France in 1939.


1940 - Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the Free French Forces, makes his famous speech 'The Appeal of 18 June' on the BBC.


1941 - Death of Donat Aduiovich Makeenok, Russian WWI flying ace who also served during the Russo-Polish War.

http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donat_Makijonek - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/russia/makeenok.php

1949 - 1st flight of the Payen PA-47 'Plein Air', French twin seat high wing tourer aircraft prototype.


1951 - 3 Gloster Meteors crashed at RAF Biggin Hill and their pilots were killed in accidents, all 3 crashing in an area of about 100 yd (91 m). The 1st, a Meteor VIII piloted by Flight Lieutenant Gordon McDonald of 41 Squadron, crashed shortly after take-off, corkscrewing as pieces of structure fell from the aircraft. The aircraft hit a bungalow, killing the pilot. The jet wash of his flight leader was named as a possible cause. Within seconds of this accident 2 Mark IV Meteors of 600 Sqn, piloted by Sergeant Kenneth Clarkson and Squadron Leader Phillip Sandeman, both circling over the wreckage and preparing to land, collided at 2,000 ft (610 m) above the scene.


1953 - A USAF Douglas C-124 Globemaster II took off from Tachikawa Air Base in Japan. Shortly after takeoff, one of the engines failed, forcing the pilot to make an emergency landing. Due to a loss of airspeed, the pilot lost control and crashed into a rice field, killing all seven crew and 122 passenger


1953 - Death of René Paul Fonck, French aviator who ended WWI as the top Allied fighter ace, and when all succeeding conflicts are also considered, Fonck still holds the title of "all-time Allied Ace of Aces".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Fonck - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/fonck.php

1962 - Death of Friedrich-Karl Burckhardt, German WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich-Karl_Burckhardt - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/burckhardt.php

1962 - Death of Alexander "Alec" Ogilvie, early British aviation pioneer.


1965 - Operation Arc Light, 1st combat mission of the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress over Vietnam.


1966 - Death of Harold John "Jackie" Walkerdine, British WWI flying ace and WWII pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Walkerdine - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/walkerdine2.php

1971 - Southwest Airlines is founded.


1972 - British European Airways Flight 548, a Hawker Siddeley HS 121 Trident 1C, G-ARPI, stalled due to pilot error and crashed at Staines shortly after takeoff from Heathrow Airport.


1978 - Death of Leopold Anslinger, German WWI flying ace and airliner pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_Anslinger - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/anslinger.php

1981 - 1st flight of The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, US single-seat, twin-engine stealth ground-attack aircraft


1982 - 1st flight of PZL Mielec M-21 Dromader Mini, single engine agricultural aircraft, smaller prototype version of the M-18.


1983 - Launch of STS-7, Space Shuttle Challenger mission with Sally Ride, youngest american in space, 1st American spaceflight involving a female astronaut.


1986 - Grand Canyon Airlines flight 6 de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter collided in midair with Helitech Bell 206 over Grand Canyon National Park killing all 25.


2004 - Airblue Limited (styled as airblue), Pakistan private airline, begins operations


2006 - Launch of KazSat 1, 1st Kazakh space communication satellite.


2009 - Launch of The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), NASA robotic spacecraft.


2011 - 1st transatlantic biofuel flight is made by a Gulfstream G-450 from Morristown N.J. to Le Bourget (France).