On This Day in Aviation History OCTOBER 25th

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1884 - Birth of Bentfield Charles Hucks, British aviation pioneer, 1st Briton to perform a loop in an aircraft, also credited with the Hucks starter (auxiliary power unit, almost always a motortruck, that provides initial power to start up piston aircraft engines).


1888 - Birth of Richard Evelyn Byrd, Jr., USN naval officer who specialized in feats of exploration. He was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics.


1889 - Birth of Olans Charles William Johnsen, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olans_Johnsen - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/johnsen.php

1890 - Birth of Floyd Bennett, American aviator.


1893 - Birth of Jacques Louis Ehrlich, French WWI flying ace who was one of the leading balloon busters of the war.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_Ehrlich - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/ehrlich.php

1896 - Birth of Maurice Bellonte, French raid aviator.


1897 - Birth of Andrew MacGregor, Scottish WWI flying ace and senior commander in the Royal Air Force during WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_MacGregor - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/scotland/macgregor1.php

1908 - Birth of Karl Hermann Gotthard Handrick, German Olympic athlete, gold medal in the modern pentathlon at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, and German flying ace during the Spanish Civil War and WWII.


1911 - 1st flight of the Nakajima Kaishiki No.1, Early Japanese biplane.


1914 - Birth of Akio Matsuba, Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War and WWII fighter ace


1916 - Death of Maxime Albert Lenoir, French WWI flying ace, killed in action in his SPAD VII.


1917 - Death of Giovanni Sabelli, Italian 1st Balkan War pilot and WWI flying ace, killed in action during the Battle of Caporetto.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_Sabelli - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/italy/sabelli.php

1920 - Birth of Amet-khan Sultan, WWII Soviet fighter ace and test pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amet-khan_Sultan - http://www.testpilot.ru/memo/70/ametkhan_e.htm

1926 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-56/4, French single engine light airliner, major evolution of the Family with an increased passenger capacity.


1929 - 1st flight of the Fairey Fox IIM, British light bomber and fighter biplane, Reengined evolution of the Fox I with a metal structure.


1930 - TWA offers one of the 1st all-plane scheduled service from coast to coast: the Lindbergh Route. The route took 36 hours and initially called for overnights in Kansas City.


1935 - Birth of Russell Louis "Rusty" Schweickart (aka Schweikart), USAF pilot and NASA astronaut.


1937 - Hanna Reitsch sets a world record for helicopter, flying the Focke-Wulf Fw 61 108,9 km (67 miles) from Stendal to Berlin.


1938 - Australian National Airways Douglas DC-2 'Kyeema' came across a heavy cloud layer, making landmark navigation difficult. Disoriented, they crashed into the western slopes of Mount Dandenong, also known as Mount Corhanwarrabul, killing all 18 on board


1938 - The sole Saro A.33, British four-engined flying-boat prototype with a parasol monospar wing built by Saunders-Roe Limited, is written off after structural failure sustained during high speed taxi trials.


1939 - 1st flight of the Breguet Bre 693, French light twin-engine ground-attack aircraft, re-engined version of the Bre 691.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breguet_Br.693 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=16

1939 - 1st flight of The Handley Page Halifax HP57, British four-engined heavy bomber.


1941 - Death of Franz Xaver von Werra, German WWII fighter ace who was shot down over England and captured. He is generally regarded as the only Axis prisoner of war to succeed in escaping from a Canadian prisoner of war camp and returning to Germany. His aircraft disappeared over the North Sea near Vlissingen.


1942 - Death of Keisaku Yoshimura, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action.


1942 - Death of Toyoo Moriura, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action over Guadalcanal.


1944 - 1st major warship to sink as the result of a kamikaze attack is USS St. Lo (CVE–63), Casablanca-class escort carrier of the US Navy, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.


1944 - Death of Yoshiro Hashiguchi, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action.


1944 - Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku, hit by 7 torpedoes and 9 bombs, and the battleship Musashi, are sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.


1944 - Death of Hohei Kobayashi, Japanese WWII flying ace, drowned at sea in the sinking of Destroyer Hatsuzuki which had just rescued him during the Battle off Cape Engaño.


1944 - Death of Yoshinori Noguchi, Japanese WWII flying ace, Ramming his plane into a ship.


1944 – 1st kamikaze mission is carried out, with aircraft of the 201st Kokutai sinking the carrier USS St Lo in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamikaze#Leyte_Gulf:_the_first_attacks - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_St_Lo_(CVE-63)#Kamikaze


1951 - Japan Airlines flies its 1st post-war flights, using Northwest Airlines Martin 2-0-2 aircraft, flown by Northwest crews.


1952 - 1st domestically-built jet aircraft to fly in Yugoslavia is the Ikarus 451M.


1955 - 1st flight of The Saab 35 Draken, Swedish fighter jet aircraft.


1958 - 1st free vertical flight of The Short SC.1, British 1st fixed-wing vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft designed to study the problems with VTOL flight and the transition to and from forward flight.


1960 - Death of Henry George "Harry" Ferguson, Irish engineer and inventor who is noted for his role in the development of the modern agricultural tractor, for becoming the 1st Irishman to build and fly his own aeroplane, and for developing the 1st four-wheel drive Formula One car, the Ferguson P99. Today his name lives on in the name of the Massey Ferguson company.


1968 - Launch of Soyuz 2, Soviet uncrewed spacecraft which intended to be the target of an docking maneuver by the manned Soyuz 3 spacecraft. Although the two craft approached closely, the docking did not take place.


1968 - Northeast Airlines Flight 946 Fairchild Hiller FH-227 crashed on Moose Mountain while descending on approach, Killing 32 of 42. The pilots misjudged their altitude position during approach and there were no navigational aids in the aircraft or near the airport.


1973 - Tom Sage of the United Kingdom Cameron Balloon company establishes a hot air balloon flight duration record of 5 hours 45 minutes.


1975 - Venera 10 Lander, USSR unmanned space mission to Venus, lands on Venus.


1984 - Death of James Joseph Wellwood, Australian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Wellwood - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/wellwood.php

1985 - Emirates, largest airline in the Middle East based at Dubai, begins operations.


1991 - 1st flight of The Airbus A340-300, French long-range four-engine wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airbus_A340 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=6535

1994 - Death of Kara Spears Hultgreen, USN pilot, 1st female naval carrier-based fighter pilot. Her F-14 Tomcat crashed into the sea on final approach to USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72)


1994 - 1st flight of The Bell 430, American twin-engine light-medium helicopter, stretched and more powerful development of the Bell 230.


1999 - A chartered Learjet 35 crashed into a field near Aberdeen, South Dakota after an uncontrolled descent killing all 6 on board including golf star Payne Stewart. Early in the flight the aircraft, which was cruising at altitude on autopilot, gradually lost cabin pressure. As a result, all on board were incapacitated due to hypoxia (lack of oxygen). The aircraft failed to make the westward turn toward Dallas over north Florida, and continued flying over the southern and midwestern United States for almost 4 hours and 1,500 miles (2,400 km), until it ran out of fuel.


2000 - Russian Air Force Ilyushin Il-18D struck Mtirala mountain Due to bad weather on approach to Batumi-Chorokh Airport, Georgia, killing all 83 on board.


2001 - 1st flight of the Dassault 'Falcon' 2000EX, Re-engined variant of the French Business jet.


2007 - 1st commercial flight with passenger of the Airbus A-380 is made by Singapore Airlines. Passengers bought seats in a charity online auction.