On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 14 th

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1832 - Birth of Nikolaus August Otto, German inventor of the 1st internal-combustion engine to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber.


1871 - Birth of Jacob Christian Hansen Ellehammer, Danish watchmaker and inventor, remembered chiefly for his contributions to powered flight.


1886 - Birth of Friedrich Altemeier, German WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Altemeier - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/altemeier.php

1891 - Birth of Ernesto Fogola, Italian WWI pilot.


1897 - Birth of John Anthony "Jack" McCudden, British WWI flying ace (brother of fighter ace James McCudden),

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McCudden - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/mccudden2.php

1910 - Walter Brookins sets a world's record for altitude of 1,335 m (4,380 ft)


1913 - Birth of Arthur Stewart King Scarf, British WWII Bomber pilot.


1914 - Birth of Piotr Konstantinovich "Daddy" Kozachenko, Soviet Fighter ace during the Sino Japanese war, Finnish-Soviet Winter War and WWII.

http://www.cieldegloire.com/015_kozachenko_p_k.php - http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/soviet_kozachenko.htm

1917 - Zeppelin LZ92 (L-43) is shot down by a RNAS Curtiss H.12 during reconnaissance mission.


1917 - Death of Thomas (Tom) Wesley Benoist, American aviation pioneer and aircraft designer.


1917 - 1st flight of The Nieuport 28 (N.28C-1), French biplane WWI fighter aircraft, 1st aircraft to see service with an American fighter squadron.


1919 - French Jean Pie Hyacinthe Paul Jérôme Casale (aka Marquis de Montferratto) reaches 9 123 m (29,850 feet) with a Nieuport-Delage 29 Biplane fighter


http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Casale - http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport-Delage_NiD.29#Le_programme_des_Avions_Nouveaux

1919 - Birth of James Allen Ward, New-Zealander WWII bomber pilot.


1919 - 1st attempt of direct non-stop crossing of the Atlantic by airplane starts with a British two-man team. Capt. John Alcock and Lt. Arthur Whitten-Brown takes off their Vickers Vimy IV twin-engined bomber from St. Johns, Newfoundland to Clifden, Ireland. They will fly 1890 miles (3040 km) in 15 hours 57 minutes at an average speed of 115 mph (185 km/h).


1923 - New Zealand forms its 1st military aviation services, fore-runners of the Royal New Zealand Air Force.


1926 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-56/3, French single engine Biplane airliner, part of the S-56 family, with improved landing gear.


1929 - French Jean Assolant, René Lefebvre and Armand Lotti (with Arthur Schreiber as Stowaway) land their Bernard 191GR 'Oiseau Canari' near Comillas, Cantabria , Spain, after a 29 hours 52 minutes flight from Old Orchard Beach, Maine.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_190 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9537

1938 - 1st fligth of The Hawker Hotspur, prototype redesigned from a Hawker Henley to take a Boulton-Paul semi-powered four gun turret.


1940 - Aero O/Y Junkers Ju 52-3/mge 'Kaleva', Finnish civilian Junkers Ju 52 passenger and transport plane, is shot down by 2 Soviet Ilyushin DB-3 bombers during peacetime between the Soviet Union and Finland.


1940 - Jersey Airways, with assistance from No.24 Squadron, begins an air evacuation of staff and equipment to the United Kingdom mainland.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey_Airways -


1943 - USAF Boeing B-17C Flying Fortress 'Miss Every Morning Fixin' crashed shortly after take-off at Bakers Creek, Queensland, killing 40 of the 41 military service personnel on board, worst accident involving a transport aircraft in the south-western Pacific during WWII.


1943 - 5 British Beaufighter night fighters from No. 141 Squadron RAF make the 1st operational use of Serrate, Allied radar detection and homing device, used in Allied nightfighters to track German night fighters equipped with the earlier UHF-band BC and C-1 versions of the Lichtenstein radar during WWII.


1944 - 1st V1 Rocket shot down by F/L JG Musgrave flying a Mosquito of No. 605 Squadron RAF.


1945 - 1st flight of the Avro's Type 688 Tudor, British piston-engined airliner based on their four-engine Lincoln bomber, itself a descendant of the famous Lancaster heavy bomber. Britain's 1st pressurised airliner.


1947 - Roswell UFO incident : William Ware "Mack" or "Mac" Brazel noticed some strange clusters of debris while working on the Foster homestead, where he was foreman, some 30 miles (50 km) north of Roswell.


1949 - 1st flight of the Fouga CM-8-13, French single seat aerobatic glider prototype.


1950 - Air France Douglas DC-4-1009 'Ciel de Gasogne' from Saigon to Paris with a stopover at Karachi Airport, crashed on approach to Bahrain killing 40 over 53


1953 - Death of Jeffery Batters Home-Hay, Scottish-born Canadian WWI flying ace, commercial pilot Pre and post WWII during which he also served the RCAF.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeffrey_Batters_Home-Hay - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/home-hay.php

1954 - 1st flight of The FU-24 PAC Fletcher, agricultural and utility aircraft from New-Zealand.


1963 - Launch of Vostok 5, joint mission of the Soviet space program together with Vostok 6; as with the previous pair of Vostok 3 and Vostok 4 the two Vostok spacecraft came close to one another in orbit and established a radio link.


1963 - French aviatrix Jacqueline Auriol sets a new speed record of 2 030 km/h with a Dassault Mirage III R.


1967 - Launch of Mariner 5, US spacecraft that carried a complement of experiments to probe Venus' atmosphere.


1972 - Japan Airlines Flight 471 Douglas DC-8-53 crashed on approach outside of the New Delhi airport, killing 82 of 87 and 3 on ground.


1975 - Launch of Venera 10, USSR unmanned space mission to Venus


1982 - 1st flight of The Beechcraft Model 38P Lightning, american experimental Civil utility turboprop aircraft developped from the Baron.


1982 – Argentinan forces surrender to English forces on the Falkland Islands. During their war, the English had destroyed 109 Argentinian planes, compared to only 10 lost by the British.


1985 – TWA Flight 847 Boeing 727-231 is hijacked by Hezbollah shortly after take-off from Athens, Greece.


1988 - 1st flight of The Schweizer 330 (sikorsky S-333), American Light utility and trainer helicopter, developped from the Schweizer 300 (formerly Hughes 300).


1991 - STS-40, Space Shuttle Columbia is back on earth.


2002 - Death of Vasile 'Chitu' Gavriliu, Romanian WWII fighter ace.

http://www.worldwar2.ro/arr/?article=699 - http://cieldegloire.com/012_gavriliu_v.php

2003 - 1st flight of the Embraer ERJ-175 , narrow-body, twin-engine, medium-range, jet airliner, Longer version of the ERJ-170.


2007 - Death of Robin Olds, American fighter pilot and general officer in the USAF. He was a "triple ace", with a combined total of 16 victories in WWII and the Vietnam War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robin_Olds - http://cieldegloire.com/014_olds_r.php

2008 - STS-124 Discovery Space Shuttle mission to the ISS is back on earth.


2010 - Death of Leonid Denisovich Kizim, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.


2013 - 1st flight of the Airbus A350 XWB, European long-range, two-engined wide-body jet airliner, 1st Airbus with both fuselage and wing structures made primarily of carbon fibre-reinforced polymer.