On This Day in Aviation History JULY 28 th

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1874 - Birth of Gaspare Virginio Emilio Bolla, Italian WWI pilot.


1884 - Birth of Aida de Acosta Root Breckinridge, American socialite and 1st female to fly a powered aircraft solo.


1887 - Birth of Raoul Stojsavljevic, Austro-Hungarian WWI flying ace, airliner pilot who founded and directed the new Innsbruck airport.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raoul_Stojsavljevic - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/austrhun/stojsavljevic.php

1888 - Birth of Rosina Ferrario, 1st italian woman to obtain a pilot licence.


1889 - Birth of Albert Dietlen, German WWI flying ace.


1889 - Birth of Stefan Kirmaier, German WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Kirmaier - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/kirmaier.php

1890 - Birth of Rudolf Wendelmuth, German WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Wendelmuth - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/wendelmuth.php

1892 - Birth of Georges Felix Madon, French WWI fighter ace, Air racer and raid pilot

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Madon - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/madon.php

1894 - Birth of Enrico Cottino, Italian Aviator.


1894 - Birth of Reginald Theodore Carlos "Georgie" Hoidge, Canadian WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginald_Hoidge - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/hoidge.php

1894 - Birth of Thomas Foster Hamilton, American pioneering aviator and founder of the Hamilton Standard Company.


1895 - Birth of Flavio Torello Baracchini, Italian WWI fighter ace.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavio_Baracchini - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/italy/baracchini.php

1896 - Birth of George Arthur 'Art' Welsh, Canadian WWI flying ace, WWII soldier, Politician and Sheriff.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Arthur_Welsh - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/welsh.php

1898 - Birth of George Haldeman, American aviation pioneer, record setter


1910 - Birth of Clive Robertson 'Killer' Caldwell, Leading Australian WWII fighter ace, highest-scoring P-40 pilot from any air force and the highest-scoring Allied pilot in North Africa and who also served in the South West Pacific Theatre.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clive_Caldwell - http://www.cieldegloire.com/002_raaf_caldwell_c_r.php

1914 - 1st torpedo drop by a British aircraft is carried out by Arthur Murray Longmore from a Short Admiralty Type 81 (Short Folder), British two-seat floatplane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_Admiralty_Type_81#Operational_history - http://www.aviastar.org/air/england/short_folder.php

1915 - 1st flight of The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12, British single-seat General purpose aircraft/Fighter, developped from the B.E.2c


1917 - Death of Alfred Niederhoff, German WWI flying ace.


1917 - Death of Alfred Victor Robert Auger, French WWI flying ace, killed in his Spad during a dogfight with 5 German planes

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Auger - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/auger.php

1917 - Death of Laurence Minot, British WWI flying ace, Killed in action in his D.H.4

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurence_Minot_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/minot.php

1917 - Death of Arnold Jacques Chadwick, Canadian WWI flying ace, Drowned at sea after he was forced to ditch in the English Channel off the coastal town of La Panne.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Jacques_Chadwick - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/chadwick.php

1917 - Death of Ellis Vair Reid, Canadian WWI fighter ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Triplane

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellis_Vair_Reid - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/reid2.php

1918 - Death of Andre Marie Paul Petit-Delchet, French WWI flying ace, killed in a crash on take off in his Spad XIII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andre_Petit-Delchet - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/petit-delchet.php

1918 - Death of Tone Hippolyte Bayetto, British WWI fighter pilot, killed when the wings of his Sopwith Dolphin folded back and it dived into the ground from 200 feet.

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=60357876 - http://www.66squadron.co.uk/biogs/bayetto.htm

1918 - Major Archibald Stuart Maclaren and Brigadier General Aymas Eden Borton takes off from Cranwell in a Handley Page O/400 for the 1st flight from Britain to Egypt.


1920 - Birth of Roland Paulze d'Ivoy de la Poype, French WWII fighter ace, member of the Normandie-Niemen fighter group that fought on the Soviet front, one of only 4 members of the regiment to be awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, plastic industry pioneer and founder of the Antibes Marineland.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_de_la_Poype - http://www.cieldegloire.com/004_de_la_poype.php

1926 – During United States Navy experiments with the operation of seaplanes from a submarine equipped with an aircraft hangar, the submarine USS S-1 (SS-105) carries out for the 1st time a full cycle of surfacing, removing the disassembled seaplane (Cox-Klemin XS2, US experimental scout biplane) from its hangar, assembling it, launching it, retrieving it, disassembling it, stowing in its hangar, and submerging, on the Thames River at New London, Connecticut.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cox-Klemin_XS - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_S-1_(SS-105)

1931 - Amy Johnson takes off with Jack Humphreys in a de Havilland DH 80A Puss Moth 'Jason II' for an endurance flight to Tokyo.


1931 - Russell N. Boardman and John Polando takeoff in their Bellanca named 'Cape Cod' from New-York for a record flight to Turkey.


1933 - Dr. Albert Forsythe and Charles Alfred "Chief" Anderson land their two-seat Fairchild 24 which they called The Pride of Atlantic City at Atlantic City to complete the 1st return flight to the West Coast by African-American pilots.


1934 - Nelly Diener becomes the 1st stewardess in europe, flying with Swissair.


1934 - Maj. William E. Kepner and Capts. Albert W. Stevens and Orville A. Anderson reached 60,613 feet in altitude in a three-million-cubic foot, hydrogen-filled balloon, the Explorer I.


1935 - 1st flight of The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, (Boeing model 299) American four-engine heavy bomber aircraft.


1938 - Pan American World Airways Martin M-130 flying boat 'Hawaii Clipper' disappeared with 6 passengers and 9 crew en route from Guam to Manila.


1938 - Harold Lee Neely flying a Sversky p-35 achieved a 278-mph average speed and completed a transcontinental flight in nine hours, and 54 minutes flying time.


1943 - Death of Albert Preziosi, Free French WWII air officer serving in the east front, shot down in his Yak-1B of the Normandie Niemen Squadron.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Preziosi - http://www.cieldegloire.com/004_preziosi.php

1943 - American Airlines Flight 63 Douglas DC-3-178 'Flagship Ohio' crashed after loss of control due to severe turbulence and violent downdrafts on the Louisville-Nashville sector about 1.6 miles (2.6 km) west of Trammel, Kentucky, Killing 20 over 22.


1944 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH.103 Hornet, british piston engine fighter that further exploited the wooden construction techniques pioneered by de Havilland's classic Mosquito


1944 - The Royal Air Force (RAF) Test Pilots School is renamed the Empire Test Pilots School (ETPS).


1945 - USS Callaghan (DD-792), US Navy Fletcher-class destroyer, is the last allied ship sunk by a kamikaze during WWII.


1945 - A B-25 Mitchell piloted in thick fog crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building. While the structural integrity of the building was not compromised, fourteen people died (three crewmen and eleven in the building)


1947 - Birth of Alexei Sergeyevich Borodai, Soviet air force test pilot


1953 - 2 Boeing Model 450 B-47 Stratojet bombers of the 305th Air Mobility Wing set speed records: one flew from RCAF Goose Bay, Labrador, to RAF Fairford, England, in 4:14 hours and the other flew from Limestone AFB, Maine, to RAF Fairford in 4:45 hours.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/305th_Bombardment_Wing#305th_Bombardment_Wing - http://www.afhra.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=9884

1957 - USAF C-124 Globemaster aircraft from Dover Air Force Base, Delaware was carrying 3 Mark 5 nuclear bombs over the Atlantic Ocean when it experienced a loss of power. The crew jettisoned 2 nuclear bombs to protect their safety, which were never recovered


1960 - Launch of Korabl-Sputnik 1K-1, carrying two space dogs, named Chayka (or Baars) and Lisichka. Unfortunately an explosion destroyed the spacecraft shortly after launch, killing both dogs; this mission wasn't given a name.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_space_dogs#Baars_and_Lisichka - http://www.astronautix.com/thisday/july28.htm

1961 - Birth of Scott Edward Parazynski, American physician and NASA astronaut.


1963 - Death of Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Borgward, German engineer, car and helicopter designer who founded the Borgward group.


1964 - Launch of Ranger 7, 1st US space probe to successfully transmit close images of the lunar surface back to Earth. It was also the 1st completely successful flight of the Ranger program.


1967 - 1st flight of the PZL Wilga 35, (evolution of the PZL-104 Wilga) Polish STOL Civil Aviation utility aircraft.


1967 - Death of Karl Wendell Richter, USAF pilot, Killed in the ejection from his F-105 in Vietnam. he was the youngest pilot in that conflict to shoot down a MiG in air-to-air combat.


1970 - Birth of Robert Louis "Bob" Behnken, USAF Pilot, engineer and NASA astronaut.


1973 - Launch of Skylab 3, American 2nd manned mission to Skylab.


1973 - 1st flight of The Boeing YQM-94 B-Gull (also called Compass Cope B), American developmental reconnaissance drone that could take off and land from a runway like a manned aircraft, and operate at high altitudes for up to 24 hours to perform surveillance, communications relay, or atmospheric sampling.


1976 - 1st flight of the Kamov KA-29, Russian shipboard transport/attack helicopter derivative of the KA-27.


1976 - Czechoslovak Airlines Flight 001 Ilyushin Il-18B crashed into the Zlaté Piesky (Golden Sands) Lake while attempting to land in Bratislava, killing 76 over 79. The crew inadvertently set thrust reversal at the no. 2 and no. 3 engine (inboard engines) while still airborne.


1976 - The Lockheed SR-71A "Blackbird" sets speed and altitude records (Altitude in Horizontal Flight: 85,068.997 ft (25,929.030 m) and Speed Over a Straight Course: 2,193.167 miles per hour (3,529.560 km/h)).


1999 - 1st Flight of the Rotary Rocket Roton ATV (Atmospheric Test Vehicle), American fully reusable single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) manned spacecraft. The initial concept was to merge a launch vehicle with a helicopter: spinning rotor blades, powered by tip jets, would lift the vehicle in the earliest stage of launch. Once the air density thinned to the point that helicopter flight was impractical, the vehicle would continue its ascent on pure rocket power, with the rotor acting as a giant turbopump.


1999 - STS-93, Space shuttle Columbia mission, is back on earth


2003 - 1st flight of The Adam A700 AdamJet, six-seat civil utility prototype aircraft developped from the Adam A500.


2007 - Death of Jim LeRoy, American aerobatics pilot, after he had crashed at the Vectren Dayton Air Show at the Dayton International Airport during a performance in his S2S Bulldog II


2008 - Death of Margaret Ray Ringenberg, American aviator who logged more than 40,000 hours of flying time during her career.


2009 - Cambodia Angkor Air,national flag carrier airline of Cambodia, begins operations


2010 - Airblue Flight 202 Airbus A321-231 crashed during its attempt to land in dense fog and heavy monsoon rain near Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, killing all 146 passengers and six crew aboard.


2010 - USAF Boeing C-17 Globemaster III preparing for Elmendorf's Arctic Thunder Air Show stalled and crashed on Elmendorf AFB in Alaska killing all 4 crew.


2011 - Asiana Airlines Flight 991 Boeing 747-48EF crashed to the sea near Jeju island.