On This Day in Aviation History JULY 23 rd

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1883 - Birth of Oscar M. Westover, American aviator, major general and 4th chief of the United States Army Air Corps


1886 - Birth of Arthur Whitten Brown, British navigator of the 1st successful non-stop transatlantic flight along with John Alcock.


1892 - Birth of Vladimir Iakovlevitch Klimov, Russian aircraft engine designer.


1892 - Birth of William Victor "Struggy" Strugnell, British WWI flying ace who also served in WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Strugnell - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/strugnell.php

1893 - Birth of Cleo Francis Pineau, American WWI flying ace, motorcycle racer, founder of Williamsport-Lycoming County Airport and businessman.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleo_Pineau - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/pineau.php

1894 - Birth of Corliss Champion Moseley, American United States Army aviator, WWI fighter pilot and later civilian trainer. Winer of the inaugural Pulitzer Air Race.


1899 - Birth of Guy Wilbraham Wareing, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Wareing - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/wareing.php

1899 - Birth of James McDonald, Scottish WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_McDonald_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/scotland/mcdonald2.php

1905 - 1st flight of the Wright Flyer No.III, 1st fully controllable and practical version of the original Flyer.


1908 - The Blériot VIIIbis, French expemimental monoplane , is destroyed in a crash.


1913 - With his biplane fitted with electric lights on the wings and his landing area outlined with small blazes, H. W. Blakeley makes the 1st night flight in Canada at the Dominion Livestock Show and Fair at Brandon, Manitoba.


1921 - Birth of Lionel Peter Twiss, British pilot, who held the World Air Speed Record as the 1st man to fly at a speed greater than 1,000 mph.


1926 - Death of Kurt Wüsthoff, German WWI fighter ace, 2nd youngest winner of Germany's highest decoration for valor, the Pour le Merite or Blue Max, Aerobatic pilot and flying advertiser. Died from injuries after a plane crash while performing aerobatics a plane built by Ernst Udet in a memorial show to Max Immelmann in Dresden.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_W%C3%BCsthoff - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/wusthoff.php

1927 - Birth of Elliot McKay See, Jr., USN test pilot and NASA astronaut.


1928 - 1st flight of the 3rd Breguet Bre 19 TR 'Bidon' (Later 19 TF Super Bidon), French 2-3 seat raid sesquiplane aircraft.


1930 - Death of Glenn Hammond Curtiss, American aviation pioneer and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry


1932 - Death of Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian early pioneer of aviation.


1937 - The International Military Aircraft Competition at Dübendorf near Zürich provides the picturesque venue for the 1st major demonstration of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the Dornier Do-17 MV1.


1937 - 1st flight of the Lioré et Olivier LeO H-470, French 4 engines (mounted in two tractor-pusher pairs on the parasol wing) transport and patrol flying boat, military version of the LeO H-47 prototype.


1938 - The Civil Air Guard, in which the UK government subsidized training fees for members of flying clubs, in return for future military call-up commitments, is annouced.


1940 - 1st flight of The Yakovlev Yak-7, Soviet fighter trainer developed from the earlier Yak-1 fighter, but converted into a "heavy" fighter.


1941 – During Operation Substance, Italian high-level and torpedo bombers attack a resupply convoy of six fast store ships bound for Malta escorted by a British naval forces including the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal. The high-level bombers are ineffective and Fairey Fulmars from Ark Royal shoot down two of them, but the six torpedo bombers fatally damage the destroyer HMS Fearless and cripple the light cruiser HMS Manchester.


1941 - Death of José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles, Peruvian military aviator and national aviation hero, crashing his North American NA-50 "TORITO" into an Ecuadorian battery during the Battle of Zarumilla in the Ecuadorian–Peruvian war.


1942 - Death of Horace Clyde Balsley, 1st American shot down during WWI.


1947 - 1st flight of The Lavochkin La-160 'Strelka', 1st Soviet swept winged jet fighter research prototype.


1951 - Death of W. Wallace Kellett, American WWI pilot and aircraft manufacturer, founder of The Kellett Autogiro Corporation.


1952 - 1st flight of The Fouga Magister (company designation CM.170), French two-seat jet trainer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fouga_Magister - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1778

1954 - Cathay Pacific Douglas DC-4 from Bangkok to Hong Kong is shot down by the People's Liberation Army Air Force Lavochkin La-7 fighters in the South China Sea near Hainan Island. Ten people died, leaving eight survivors. After the incident, Cathay Pacific received an apology and compensation from the People's Liberation Army Air Force. It was apparently mistaken for a Nationalist plane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathay_Pacific_VR-HEU - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954_Cathay_Pacific_Douglas_DC-4_shootdown

1955 - 1st flight of The PZL TS-8 Bies, Polish trainer aircraft, 2 seat All-metal low-wing cantilever monoplane.


1956 - 1st flight of The Dassault Étendard II, French prototype fighter aircraft initially developed as a follow-on project to the Dassault Mystère series.


1956 - Frank Kendall "Pete" Everest sets with the Bell X-2 rocket plane a world aircraft speed record of Mach 2.87, just over 1,900 mph, at 20,802 m..


1958 - The Breguet 1001 Taon, French prototype jet strike fighter aircraft, broke its own international speed record for a 1,000 km (620 mi) closed circuit, achieving a speed of 1,075 km/h (667.98 mph)..

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breguet_Taon - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=986

1958 - 1st full transition from vertical flight to horizontal flight of The Vertol VZ-2 (or Model 76), American tiltrotor research aircraft.


1961 - Birth of Michael J. "Mike" Durant, American Helicopter pilot and author who was held prisoner after a raid in Mogadishu.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Durant - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Gothic_Serpent#The_Battle_of_Mogadishu

1962 - Telstar relays the 1st publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, featuring Walter Cronkite.


1963 - Modified Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon helicopter break the FAI absolute helicopter world speed record with a speed of 217.7 mph.


1963 - Death of Joseph Vuillemin, French WWI fighter ace and high ranking officer until WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Vuillemin - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/vuillemin.php

1968 - El Al Flight 426 operated by a Boeing 707-358C on route from London to Tel Aviv via Rome, is hijacked by three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine shortly after take-off from Rome-Fiumicino airport and forcibly diverted to Algiers.


1971 - 1st flight of The GAF Nomad, Australian twin-engine turboprop, high-winged, STOL aircraft.


1972 – Launch of Landsat 1, 1st US Earth-resources satellite.


1973 - Japan Air Lines Flight 404 Boeing 747-246B is hijacked by Palestinian and Japanese terrorists.


1973 - Death of Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, American WWI fighter ace, WWII pilot and longtime head of Eastern Air Lines.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eddie_Rickenbacker - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/rickenbacker.php

1973 - Ozark Air Lines Flight 809 Fairchild-Hiller FH-227 crashed while landing at St. Louis International Airport, killing 38 of the 44 persons aboard. Windshear was cited as the cause.


1977 - Death of Hans Karl Müller, German WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Karl_M%C3%BCller - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/muller2.php

1980 - Launch of Soyuz 37, Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station, carrying Pham Tuân, 1st Asian and 1st Vietnamese cosmonaut, into space.


1980 - 1st flight of the Eurocopter HH-65 Dolphin (SA.366 Dauphin 2), re-engined version for the US coast guard of the French-built Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin II twin-engined, single main rotor, MEDEVAC-capable Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopter.


1981 - A new helicopter altitude record is set by Charles Praether, flying an Augusta A109A at a height of 6,096 metres (20,000 feet) at Philadelphia.


1983 - Air Canada Flight 143 Boeing 767-200 runs out of fuel on its way from Montreal to Edmonton. Ground crew at the Montreal airport miscalculated the flight's length and did not put enough fuel in it. Pilot Robert Pearson, an amateur glider pilot, lands the plane safely at Gimli, making the incident famous as the "Gimli Glider"


1993 - China Northwest Airlines Flight 2119 BAe 146-300 right-side flap actuator failed on rotation, causing the flaps to retract. Unable to get airborne, the plane overran the runway and crashed into a lake at Yinchuan Airport, killing 55 over 108.


1994 - STS 65, Space Shuttle program mission of Columbia and Spacelab (SL) flight, is back on earth


1998 - Death of Mario Squarcina, Italian Aviator, WWII fighter pilot, leader of the 'Diavoli Rossi' (red devils) Italian military aerobatic team, who created the 'Frecce Tricolori'.


1999 – ANA Flight 61 Boeing 747-481D is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan. Pilot Captain Naoyuki Nagashima was killed by the Hijacker.


1999 - Launch of STS-93, Space Shuttle Columbia mission (Eileen Collins becoming the 1st female shuttle Commander on this flight) to deploy The Chandra X-ray Observatory, space telescope.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-93 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandra_X-ray_Observatory - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eileen_Collins

2000 - Death of Mars Zakirovich Rafikov, Soviet fighter pilot and Cosmonaut.


2001 - Launch of GOES 12 (GOES-M), American weather satellite.


2006 - Death of Charles Eldon Brady, Jr.,American physician, USN pilot and NASA astronaut.


2008 - Death of Richard (Dick) H. Johnson, American glider pilot, aeronautical engineer and prolific writer of articles for gliding magazines, while flying a Ventus A glider from a Midlothian, Texas airport. Probably from a heart attack.


2010 - The Qinetiq Zephyr, lightweight solar-powered UAV designed for use in observation and communications relay, sets an endurance record of 336 hours and 22 minutes (2 weeks / 14 days).


2011 - Death of Nguyen Cao Ky, chief of the Vietnam Air Force and prime minister of South Vietnam. Commanding Tân Son Nh?t Air Base, he became the 1st pilot for South Vietnam's Presidential Liaison Officer, which was organizing to infiltrate military intelligence teams into North Vietnam. He recruited pilots from his command for this intelligence program of the CIA, and flew some of the missions himself after being trained by an expert pilot from Air America.


2012 - Death of Dr. Sally Kristen Ride, American physicist and NASA astronaut. Ride joined NASA in 1978, and in 1983 became the 1st American woman—and then-youngest American—to enter space.