On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 21 st

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1802 - French Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes the 1st parachute descent in England, jumping from a balloon over London.

1812 - Francesco Zambeccari, Italian balloonist and aviation pioneer, is severly burned during a flight over Bologna. He will die the next day.

1836 - Charles Green ascended the 'Great Nassau' balloon accompanied by eleven persons, and descended at Beckenham in Kent

1890 - Birth of Ronald Burns Bannerman, New Zealand WWI fighter ace and WWII RNZAF high ranking officer. -

1890 - Birth of of Max Immelmann, 1st German WWI ace, great pioneer in fighter aviation who has become attached to common flying tactics, and remains a byword in aviation. -

1893 - Birth of Ernest Andrew 'Pard' Mustard, Australian WWI flying ace -

1895 - Birth of Juan de la Cierva y Codorníu, 1st Count of De La Cierva, Spanish civil engineer, pilot and aeronautical engineer, who invented a single-rotor type of aircraft that came to be called autogyro.

1895 - Birth of Clive William Davies, British WWI flying ace

1896 - Birth of Ivan Wilmot Frank Agabeg, British WWI flying ace

1897 - Birth of Kenneth Lloyd Gopsill, British WWI flying ace, Killed in action

1898 - Birth of Edgar Scholtz, German WWI flying ace.

1916 - The Avro 521 (British two-seat fighter prototype) crashed at Central Flying School Upavon , killing pilot Lieutenant W.H.S. Garnett. Project cancelled.

1917 - Death of Ralph Luxmore Curtis, British WWI flying ace, from wounds received in action.

1921 - Death of Ernest Joseph Jules Maunoury, French WWI flying ace, killed in his SPAD 220 when his wings broke during a shooting exercise on a captive balloon. -

1925 - Death of Raymond d'Ecquevilly, French early aviation pioneer and aircraft designer.

1925 - Death of Marcel P. Viallet, French WWI flying ace

1926 - Attempting a non-stop atlantic crossing, René Fonck's Sikorsky S-35 gathered speed when the auxiliary landing gear broke away, failed to get airborne and plunged down a steep slope at the end of the runway and burst into flames.

1928 - Lady Mary Bailey starts a return flight from Cape Town to London in her de Havilland DH60 Moth.

1937 - 1st fligth of the Hanriot H-220, French Twin engine 3 seat fighter prototype. -

1938 - Death of Oscar M. Westover, major general and 4th chief of the United States Army Air Corps, His Northrop A-17AS experienced a high-speed stall and crashed in a crosswind short of the runway at Lockheed Aircraft's air field in Burbank, California

1939 - 1st flight of The Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar, American twin engine passenger transport aircraft, evolution of the Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra.

1942 - Convoy PQ 18 arrives at Archangelsk in the Soviet Union. During its voyage, aircraft from the British aircraft carrier HMS Avenger have attacked 16 German submarines and contributed to the sinking of one, and Avenger’s fighters and the convoy’s antiarcraft guns have shot down 41 German aircraft. Because of these high losses, German aircraft rarely attack Arctic convoys again.

1942 - 1st flight of The B-29 Superfortress, American four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber.

1944 - Death of Jozo Iwahashi, Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War and WWII fighter ace, missing in action after having straffed Xian airfield with his Nakajima Ki-84 'Hayate'.

1945 - Birth of Bjarni Valdimar Tryggvason, Icelandic-born Canadian engineer, RCAF pilot and NRC/CSA astronaut.

1953 - North Korean pilot No Kum-Sok defects, bringing his MiG-15 with him to Seoul and collecting a $US 100,000 reward.

1953 - 1st flight of The DINFIA IA 35 Huanquero, Argentine twin-engined general-purpose monoplane aircraft.

1955 - Birth of Richard James Hieb, American engineer and NASA astronaut.

1956 - 1st flight of the Kingsford Smith PL.7, Australian unequal span biplane with a tail unit supported by twin booms from the upper wings and a fixed tricycle landing gear agricultural aircraft.

1956 – Grumman company test pilot Tom Attridge shoots himself down in a Grumman F11F Tiger during a Mach 1.0 20 degree dive from 22,000 feet (6,700 m) to 7,000 feet (2,100 m). He fires two bursts from the fighter's 20 mm cannon during the descent and as he reaches 7,000 feet (2,100 m) the jet is struck multiple times, including one shell that is ingested by the engine, shredding the compressor blades

1960 - 1st (glide) flight of the Briffaud GB-80 'Aerovoilier', French experimental tailless single seat motorglider. -

1961 - 1st flight of The Boeing CH-47 Chinook, American twin-engine, tandem rotor heavy-lift helicopter.

1964 - 1st flight of The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie, prototype version of the proposed B-70 american nuclear-armed deep-penetration strategic bomber

1967 - 1st flight of The Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne, American single-engine prototype attack helicopter.

1968 - Zond 5 is back on earth with its biological payload intact, proving that it was possible to survive a lunar flyby and safely return to Earth.

1969 - Mexicana Boeing 727-64 crashed short of the runway 23L at Mexico City International Airport. Of the 118 people on board, 27 died. The aircraft had been cleared for an ILS approach when it suddenly lost altitude and hit the ground. After becoming airborne once again, the plane crashed into a railway embankment

1973 - 1st flight of the Beechcraft T-34C Turbo-Mentor (YT-34C), American propeller-driven, single-engined, military trainer aircraft derived from the Beechcraft Model 35 Bonanza, Turboprop PT6 reengined version of the T-34.

1982 - Death of Dietrich "Derk" Averes, German WWI fling ace who also served in WWII.

1984 - 1st flight of The Dassault Falcon 900, French-built corporate tri-jet aircraft. -

1988 - Death of Harold Harington Balfour, British WWI flying ace, Politician, he was instrumental in the establishment of London Heathrow Airport.,_1st_Baron_Balfour_of_Inchrye -

1993 - A Transair Georgia Tupolev 134A aircraft flying from Sochi was hit on approach to Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport by a surface-to-air missile. The plane crashed into the Black Sea, killing all five crew members and 22 passengers.

1997 - 1st of World Air Games organized by Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (World Air Sports Federation - FAI) and the 10th FAI World Rally Flying Championship, ends in Selçuk, Turkey. Russia, France und USA takes repectivly 1st, 2nd and 3rd place in the World games and the 10th World rally is won by polish team Krzysztof Wieczorek / Waclaw Wieczorek. -

1998 - 1st flight of the Revolution Helicopter Voyager-500, two-seat development of the Mini-500B, american light helicopter.

2001 - Deep Space 1, NASA New Millennium Program spacecraft dedicated to testing its payload of advanced, high risk technologies, flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.

2003 – Galileo mission (NASA unmanned spacecraft) is terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter's atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.

2005 - JetBlue Airways Flight 292, an Airbus A320-232 makes an emergency landing at Los Angeles International Airport after its nose wheels got stuck at a 90 degree angle. All 145 people on board survived.

2006 - STS-115, Space Shuttle Atlantis mission to the International Space Station (ISS), 1st assembly mission to the ISS after the Columbia disaster, is back on earth.

2012 – A Space Shuttle is airborne for the last time as a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft completes a three-day journey to transport the retired Space Shuttle Endeavour from Cape Canaveral, Florida, to Los Angeles, California.