On This Day in Aviation History OCTOBER 30th

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1894 - Birth of Edmund Roger Tempest, British WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Tempest - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/tempest.php

1894 - Birth of Pierre Marie Joseph Cardon, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Cardon - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/france/cardon.php

1894 - Birth of Gerald Alfred Sigourney Birks, Canadian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Birks - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/birks.php

1895 - Birth of Ronald Frank Strickland Mauduit, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Mauduit - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/mauduit.php

1896 - Birth of Kenneth Malise St. Clair Graeme Leask, British WWI flying ace and later a high ranking officer in the RAF.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_Leask - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/leask.php

1899 - Birth of Francis Stephen Bowles, British WWI flying ace


1899 - Birth of John Douglas Lightbody, Scottish WWI flying ace.


1908 - Henri Farman makes the 1st cross-country flight in Europe with a power-driven aeroplane Voisin, flying from Châlons to Reims (27 kilometres in 20 minutes)


1909 - Hans Grade wins the 'Lanz-Preis der Lüfte', german prize for aviation, with his Grade II Libelle.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lanz-Preis_der_L%C3%BCfte - http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grade_II

1909 - John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon, flying his Short Brothers S.2 aircraft, wins a £1,000 prize offered by the Daily Mail for a circular flight of one mile, 1st to cover a mile (closed circuit) in a British aeroplane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Moore-Brabazon - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Aero_Club

1912 - Birth of ans-Jürgen Hepe, German Flying ace of the Spanish war and WWII


1917 - Death of Heinrich Gontermann, German WWI fighter ace, while featuring aerobatics in his Fokker Dr1, pulling out of a loop, he dove into a left turn. The upper wing collapsed and broke completely off. His airplane plunged into the ground.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Gontermann#His_last_mission - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/gontermann.php

1918 - The Great War's heaviest day of air fighting begins : 130 claims... Only 2 unconfirmed.


1918 - Death of Robert Wallace Farquhar, British WWI flying ace, Killed in action.


1918 - Death of Augustus Paget, British WWI flying ace, killed in his Sopwith Camel by anti-aircraft fire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustus_Paget_(RAF_officer) - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/paget.php

1918 - Death of James Dudley Beane, American WWI flying ace, killed in action near Bantheville, France

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Beane - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/beane.php

1918 - Death of Alvin Andrew Callender, American WWI flying ace, killed in action in his S.E.5a .


1918 – Flying a SPAD XIII fighter, Edward Vernon 'Eddie' Rickenbacker shoots down a German observation balloon near Remonville, France, for his 26th and final aerial victory (22 aircraft and 4 balloons) making him the top-scoring American ace of WWI.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eddie_Rickenbacker#Verified_aerial_victories - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/rickenbacker.php

1918 - Birth of Robert Channing Seamans Jr, American Aeronautical engineer, NASA Deputy Administrator and MIT professor.


1919 - Death of Hans von Freden, German WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_von_Freden - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/freden.php

1922 - Death of Pavel Vladimirovich Argeyev (Paul d'Argueev 'The Eagle of Crimea'), Russian WWI fighter ace and test pilot, killed in the crash of his Potez in the Sudetes mountains.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavel_Argeyev - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/russia/argeyev.php

1923 - French Joseph Sadi Lecointe reach an altitude of 11.145m (36,565 ft) with the Nieuport-Delage NiD-40R, new world record.


1925 - A Fairey IIID became the 1st standard Fleet Air Arm seaplane to be catapulted from a ship at sea.


1933 - The Couzinet 33 'Biarritz' n°2, French 4 seat 3 engined record aircraft prototype (a Re-built of the damaged N°1), is destroyed in a crash.


1935 - United Air Lines Boeing 247D crashed during an instrument check flight near Cheyenne, killing the 4 crew members aboard.


1935 - Death of Ployer Peter Hill American aviator and test pilot who piloted nearly 60 of the Army Air Corps' newest aircraft, testing and evaluating their capabilities for service, killed in the crash of the Boeing Model 299 (Prototype of the future B-17) because the crew neglected to remove the devices intended to keep the control surfaces from moving when the plane was on the ground. After take-off, the aircraft entered a steep climb, stalled, nosed over, and crashed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ployer_Peter_Hill - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_Model_299#Origins

1936 - Jim A. Mollison lands his Bellanca 28-90 Flash (evolution of the 28-70) in Croydon, england, from Harbour Grace in Newfoundland setting a new west to east North Atlantic crossing record time.


1939 - 1st German aircraft shot down over France and 1st german aircraft brought down by a single seat fighter in WWII is a Dornier DO-17, brought down by Pilot Officer Mould's Hawker Hurricane of No. 1 Squadron RAF near Vassincourt.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dornier_Do_17#Western_Europe - http://cieldegloire.com/002_raf_mould_p_w_o.php


1941 - 1st free flight of The Flettner Fl 282 Kolibri, german single-seat open cockpit intermeshing rotor helicopter (or synchropter).


1942 - 1st flight of the MÁVAG Héja, Hungarian fighter aircraft based on the Italian Reggiane Re.2000.


1944 - 1st flight of The Short S.45 Seaford , British flying boat ,development of the Short Sunderland for a longer ranged maritime patrol bomber for RAF Coastal Command.


1945 - Death of Claude Givaudan, French Engineer, early aircraft designer.


1946 - Birth of Robert Lee "Hoot" Gibson, US Navy pilot and NASA astronaut.


1952 - Death of Patrick Sarsfield Manley, Canadian WWI flying ace.


1953 - Birth of Aleksandr Fyodorovich Poleshchuk, Russian Air Force pilot and cosmonaut.


1957 - Birth of Aleksandr Ivanovich Lazutkin, Russian cosmonaut.


1957 - A Mil Mi-6 (NATO reporting name Hook), Soviet/Russian heavy transport helicopter, Sets a record lifting 12,000kg to 2432m.


1959 - Death of James Allan ("Jim") Mollison, famous Scottish pioneer aviator who set many records during the rapid development of aviation in the 1930s.


1959 - Piedmont Airlines Flight 349 Douglas DC-3 'Buckeye Pacemaker' crashed on Bucks Elbow Mountain near Crozet, Virginia, killing 26. The sole survivor, Ernest P. "Phil" Bradley, was seriously injured and lay on the ground near the wreckage, still strapped in his seat.


1961 - Andrei Durnovtsev, flying a Tupolev Tu-95V, drops the 'Tsar Bomba', nickname for the Soviet AN602 hydrogen bomb of 50 megatons, over the Mityushikha Bay nuclear testing range (Sukhoy Nos Zone C), north of the Arctic Circle over the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic Sea.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsar_Bomba#Test - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrei_Durnovtsev

1961 - Birth of Ronald John Garan, Jr., USAF pilot and NASA astronaut.


1964 - Birth of Sandra Hall Magnus, an American engineer and NASA astronaut.


1964 - 1st flight of The Bell Aerosystems Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV), vertical take-off vehicle that used a single jet engine mounted on a gimbal so that it always pointed vertically, Apollo Project era program to build a simulator for the Moon landings.


1967 - Launch of Kosmos 188, unmanned Soviet spacecraft that incorporated a Soyuz programme descent module for landing scientific instruments and test objects. A few hours later, along with Osmos 186, they made the 1st fully automated space docking in the history of space exploration.


1968 - Soyuz 3, Soviet spaceflight mission, is back on earth.


1971 - Death of Eric Bourne Coulter Betts, Irish WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Betts - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/ireland/betts.php

1972 - Death of Frederick Joseph Cunninghame, British WWI flying ace.


1975 - Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 450 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 crashed in Prague suburb Suchdol, into allotment, during final approach killing 75 people of 120 on board.


1976 - Death of Clarence Duncan Chamberlin, American aviator, 2nd man to pilot a fixed-wing aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean, from New York to the European mainland, while carrying the 1st transatlantic passenger.


1977 - Celebrating the 50th anniversary of Pan Am, Pan-Am flight 50 Boeing 787SP lands back at San Francisco after a round-the-world flight over the North Pole and the South Pole and including three stopovers in 54 hours, 7 minutes, 12 seconds.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_American_World_Airways#Record-setting_flights - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_747SP#Records

1979 - Death of Barnes Neville Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor, best known for inventing the bouncing bomb used by the RAF in Operation Chastise (the "Dambusters" raid) to attack the dams of the Ruhr Valley during WWII.


1981 - Launch of Venera 13, Soviet space probe for the exploration of Venus.


1985 - Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.


2000 - Launch of BeiDou-1A, 1st of a serie of Chinese satellite navigation system.


2002 - Launch of Soyuz TMA-1, Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS) with a Russian-Belgian cosmonaut crew.


2003 - Launch of SERVIS-1, or Space Environment Reliability Verification Integrated System 1, Japanese satellite designed for testing the performance of commercial off-the-shelf products in the space environment


2008 - Last flights from Berlin-Tempelhof airport: the last commercial flight was a Cirrus Airlines Dornier 328 that departed at 22:17 towards Mannheim, four and a half minutes before midnight, the last two airplanes – a historical Junkers Ju 52 and an airlift “raisin bomber” Douglas DC-3 – took off in parallel, waved their wings, and flew off south-east to Schönefeld airport. The runway and air field lights were switched off at midnight.