On This Day in Aviation History JULY 20 th

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1873 - Birth of Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian early pioneer of aviation.


1887 - Birth of Joseph Eugene Carberry, american pioneer aviator.


1890 - Birth of Richard Paul Rothe, German WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Rothe - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/rothe.php

1892 - Birth of Emil Meinecke, German WWI flying ace and Fokker test pilot post WWI.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Meinecke - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/meinecke.php - http://earlyaviators.com/emeineck.htm

1894 - Birth of Reginald Stuart "George" Maxwell, British WWI flying ace and Royal Navy Air Commander during WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginald_Maxwell - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/maxwell2.php

1896 - Birth of James "Jimmy" Armand Meissner, American WWI flying ace who organized the Birmingham Flying Club, nicknamed the "Birmingham Escadrille", which became Alabama's 1st Air National Guard unit and the 7th in the USA.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Meissner - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/meissner.php

1896 - Birth of Lumsden Cummings, Canadian WWI flying ace.


1904 - Birth of René Couzinet, French engineer and aircraft designer.


1910 - Birth of Francis Herbert Goldsborough, American aviator who held the junior transcontinental air speed record.


1912 - Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII) flies as a passenger in the non-rigid airship 'Beta 1'.


1914 - A Royal review of the Fleet takes at place at Spithead : As part of the review, a flight of naval aeroplanes manoeuvred over the Fleet, providing the new Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) with its first opportunity to demonstrate the manner in which aircraft could be employed in naval operations. 17 seaplanes and 4 airships also took part in the demonstration.

http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/research/history-of-aviation-timeline/interactive-aviation-timeline/british-military-aviation/1914.aspx -


1917 - Death of Juri Vladimirovich Gilsher, Russian WWI flying ace, one leg pilot, killed in action in his Nieuport.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juri_Gilsher - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/russia/gilsher.php

1917 - Death of Alfred Seymour Shepherd, Australian WWI flying ace, shot down in his Nieuport 23 by an Albatros D.V flown by Alfred Niederhoff

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Shepherd - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/shepherd.php

1917 - Birth of Kenneth Allen Jernstedt, American WWII fighter pilot with the AVG 'Flying Tigers' and Republic test pilot.


1918 - Death of Michele Allasia, Italian WWI flying ace, Killed with his passenger, Giuseppe Graglia, in the crash of his Ansaldo SVA.9.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michele_Allasia - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/italy/allasia.php

1918 - Death of John Knox "Mac" MacArthur, American WWI flying ace, Killed in a crash, being forced down in stormy weather.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Knox_MacArthur - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/macarthur.php

1919 - Birth of Tsutomu Iwai, Japanese sino-japanese war and WWII flying ace.


1930 - The International Touring Competition, 2nd FAI international touring aircraft contest, starts from Berlin-Tempelhof for a 7560 km circuit over Europe, with compulsory stops.


1931 - Birth of Marina Lavrentrevna Vasliyevna Popovich, Soviet engineer at Antonov, VVS officer and test pilot, holder of 13 aviation world records, wife of cosmonaut Pavel Popovich, world-renowned UFO expert.


1933 - 1st flight of The Bernard 207T, French high wing 4 seat light touring aircraft.


1935 – KLM Douglas DC-2 en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes in an Alpine pass in the San Bernardino Pass near Pian San Giacomo, killing all three crew and all ten passengers.


1936 - Twenty Ju52/3m bomber transports arrive in Seville. In the following six weeks these aircraft undertake the world's first large scale airlift, moving 7,350 Nationalist troops and artillery from Morocco to Spain.


1936 - Death of José Sanjurjo y Sacanell, General in the Spanish Army who was one of the chief conspirators in the military uprising that led to the Spanish Civil War, killed in the crash of an overloaded de Havilland Dragon Rapide flown by Juan Antonio Ansaldo Vejarano.


1941 - Birth of Vladimir Afanasyevich Lyakhov, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.


1941 - The RAF Ferry Command is formed.


1947 - Death of João Ribeiro de Barros, 1st aviator of the three Americas to make an air crossing from Europe to America.


1948 - 1st flight of The SNCAC NC 211 'Cormoran', French large four-engined aircraft for passengers and cargo prototype which crashed on approach for landing.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SNCAC_NC_211 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=600

1948 - 16 Lockheed P-80 Shooting Stars (squadron of the 56th FG led by Colonel David C. Schilling) complete the 1st west to east transatlantic flight by jet aircraft.


1949 - Death of Ernest Thomas Morrow, Canadian WWI flying ace.


1950 - 1st flight of the Guerchais-Schwander T-55, french 4 seat low wing monoplane tourer aircraft prototype.


1951 - 1st flight of the Breguet Br 763 'Provence', French double-deck 4 engine transport aircraft.


1951 - 1st flight of the SNCASE SE-532 'Mistral', French production version of the 'Vampire' Mk 53 fighter bomber jet aircraft.


1951 - 1st flight of The Hawker Hunter, subsonic British jet Fighter and ground attack aircraft.


1953 - 1st flight of The Martin B-57 Canberra , US built twin jet engine tactical bomber and reconnaissance aircraft issued from the English Electric Canberra.


1954 - 1st flight of The Aerotécnica AC-12 Pepo, Spanish two-seat light prototype helicopter


1954 - Death of Frank Felix Miranda Dominican Republic early military pilot and raid pilot.


1955 - The Transcendental 1-G, American single-seater convertible helicopter with two contra-rotating rotors located at the end of its wings (tilt rotor) prototype, crash in Chesapeake Bay.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiltrotor - http://www.aviastar.org/helicopters_eng/trans_1-g.php

1958 - 1st flight of Saunders-Roe Saro P.531 (or Saunders-Roe P.531), British all-metal five-seat helicopter prototype.


1960 – The Polaris missile is successfully launched from a submarine, the USS George Washington, for the 1st time.


1961 - 1st flight of the Dornier Built Fiat G-91R/3, Italian jet fighter aircraft, winner of the NATO competition in 1953 as standard equipment for Allied air forces.


1965 - Zond 3, Soviet spacecraft designed for manned circumlunar mission makes a Flyby of the moon.


1967 - Death of Lewis Hyde Brereton, American military aviation pioneer and lieutenant general in the USAF. WWI pilot, he was one of the few senior U.S. commanders in WWII who served in combat theaters continuously from the attack on Pearl Harbor to the German surrender, and he saw action in more theaters than any other senior officer


1969 - Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin land the lunar module Eagle on the moon.


1969 - Death of Stephen Wesley Pless, USMC helicopter pilot during the Vietnam war, famous for having rescued soldiers trapped by heavy enemy fire.


1971 - 1st flight of The Mitsubishi T-2, Japanese military jet trainer aircraft., 1st japanese aircraft to break the sound barrier in level flight.


1973 - Death of Eugene Weismann, French WWI flying ace (as an aerial gunner) who also served in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugene_Weismann - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/weismann.php


1973 – Japan Airlines Flight 404 operated by a Boeing 747-200B is hijacked by Palestianian terrorists. En route from Amsterdam to Japan and force it is forced to down in Dubai.


1974 - Death of Charles "Charlie" Rudolph d´Olive, American WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_R._d'Olive - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/dolive.php

1976 – The American Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars. The 1st photograph are taken 25 seconds later and a 340° panorama is transmitted by Viking I at Chryse Plaita on Mars to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at Pasadena in California.


1981 - Somali Airlines Flight 40 Fokker F27-600 Friendship crashed a few minutes after take off from Mogadishu as he entered an area of heavy rainfall, killing all 50.


1982 - 1st flight of The AISA GN, Spanish prototype four-seat autogyro.


1987 - 1st flight of the PZL M-24 Dromader Super, Polish single engine agricultural aircraft prototype, issued from the M-18 Dromader.


2001 - The Lockheed Martin X-35B STOVL experimental aircraft takes off in less than 500 feet (150 m), goes supersonic (1st STOVL aircraft to do so), and land vertically.


2003 - A Ryan Blake Air Charter Swearingen SA226-TC Metro II crashed into the eastern slope of Point Lenana (16,450 feet), which is the third highest peak of Mount Kenya, Killing all 14.


2004 - The 14th FAI World Rally Flying Championship in Herning, Denmark, ends. Won by Czech Jirí Filip and Michal Filip in a Cessna 152.


2005 - 1st flight of the Grob G180 SPn, German low-wing twin-engined corporate jet, designed to land on both paved surfaces and unimproved runway capability (grass and gravel surfaces).


2007 - 1st flight of The Boeing X-48, American experimental unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for investigation into the characteristics of blended wing body (BWB) aircraft, a type of flying wing.


2008 - The 16th FAI World Rally Flying Championship begins in Ried im Innkreis in Austria.


2012 – A Royal Brunei Air Force Bell 212 crashed near Kuala Belait, Brunei killing 12 of the 14 on board.