On This Day in Aviation History OCTOBER 22nd

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1797 - 1st jump with a Silk parachute is made by French André-Jacques Garnerin at Parc Monceau, Paris. He jumped from a hydrogen balloon at a height of approximately 3,000 feet (900 m) .


1880 - Death of Charles-Alphonse Pénaud, French pioneer of aviation, inventor of the rubber powered model airplane.


1883 - Birth of Heinrich Kostrba, Austro Hungarian WWI flying ace, 1st Austro-Hungarian pilot to score 3 victories in a single day and who founded and led the Czechoslovakian Flying Corps Post war.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Kostrba - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/austrhun/kostrba.php

1888 - Birth of Louis Mark Thompson, Canadian WWI flying ace (as observer/gunner)


1892 - Birth of Harry King Goode, British WWI fighter ace who also served in WWII.

http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/goode.php - http://www.66squadron.co.uk/biogs/goode.htm

1893 - Birth of Edmund "Ed" Pierce, British WWI flying ace


1898 - Augustus Moore Herring flew an aircraft of his own design during 8-10 seconds over 73 feet using a compressed air engine at Silver Beach Amusement Park in St. Joseph, Michigan witnessed by 2 locals.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustus_Moore_Herring - http://www.swmidirectory.org/First_in_Flight.html

1909 - Mademoiselle Elise Deroche, better known under her self awarded title 'la Baronne de Laroche', makes her 1st solo flight. She learnt to fly at Châlons in a Voisin biplane


1909 - 1st time people ever saw an aeroplane fly in reverse. In Blackpool, England, Hubert Latham flew in winds ranging between 23 mph and 40 mph.


1910 - Thomas Octave Murdoch Sopwith begins his flying career, but crashes his Howard Wright Avis monoplane while attempting his 1st flight after travelling about 300 yards (275 m).


1910 - The Belmont International Aviation Tournament begins on Long Island, in Belmont Park, New York. Events ranged from competitions for the best altitude, speed, and distance, to contests for the most precise landing and the best mechanic. Participants included Count Jacques de Lesseps, Roland Garros, Claude Grahame-White, Glenn Curtiss, John Moisant, Arch Hoxsey, Ralph Johnstone and Charles Hamilton.


1912 - The Australian Flying Corps (AFC) was formed.


1912 - Melchor Z. Escola, Argentina's 1st naval aviator, is awarded a pilot's certificate by the Argentine Aero Club.


1918 - Death of Gilbert Marie de Guingand, French WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident on take off for a mission.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_de_Guingand - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/de_guingand.php

1922 - Amelia Mary Earhart with her yellow Kinner Airster biplane nicknamed "The Canary." reached an altitude of 14,000 feet (4,300 m), setting a world record for female pilots.


1924 - Death of Léon Jean Pierre Bourjade, French WWI fighter ace and leading balloon busting ace. Post-war, he completed his theological studies and devoted the remainder of his life to service as a medical missionary to lepers.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Bourjade - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/bourjade.php

1926 - Curtiss F6C Hawk fighters of the United States Navy’s Fighter Squadron 2 (VF-2) surprise U.S. Navy capital ships sortieing from San Pedro Harbor, California, with a simulated dive-bombing attack, diving almost vertically from 12,000 feet (3,658 m). It generally is considered the birth of modern dive bombing.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Aviation/Historical_anniversaries/October_in_aviation/October_22 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VFA-2#The_First_VF-2

1930 - Charles Kingsford Smith lands in Sydney, winning solo an England to Australia air race.


1930 - Birth of Donald Herod Peterson USAF pilot and NASA astronaut.


1930 - Death of George Gh Fernic, Romanian aviator, race car driver and aircraft designer, in the crash of his Fernic F-T-10 Cruisaire at an air show on Curtiss Reynolds airfield in Chicago, Illinois.


1930 - 1st flight of The Fairchild 100, American single engined utility monoplane with high-mounted wings, Enlarged version of the Fairchild C-8.


1933 - Birth of Donald Herod 'Don' Peterson, USAF pilot and NASA astronaut.


1934 - 1st flight of the Gourdou Leseurre GL-813 HY, French 3-seat reconnaissance floatplane


1936 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D-620, French 3 engined 30 passengers airliner prototype, issued from the Dewoitine D.338.


1938 - Italian Lieutenant Colonel M. Pezzi, flying a Caproni 161-bis at Montecelio, establishes a new world altitude record of 17,083 metres (56,046 feet).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caproni_Ca.161 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Pezzi_(aviator)

1946 - Death of Hans Grade, German aviation pioneer.


1955 - 1st flight of The Republic F-105 Thunderchief, american supersonic fighter-bomber, during which It attained the speed of Mach 1.2.


1958 - British European Airways Flight 142 Vickers Viscount 701 collided with an Italian Air Force North American F-86E Sabre, leading aircraft of 4 that were on a tactical training exercise over Anzio in Italy killing all 26, Only survivor was the F-86 pilot who ejected.


1960 - Death of Lucien Eugene Cayol, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucien_Cayol - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/france/cayol.php

1963 - Death of Michael John "Mike" Lithgow, British aviator and chief test pilot for Vickers Supermarine, killed in the crash of a BAC One-Eleven prototype during a flying test to see how the aircraft assess stability and handling characteristics during the approach to, and recovery from the stall with a centre of gravity in varying positions.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mike_Lithgow - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1963_BAC_One-Eleven_test_crash

1965 - 2nd prototype of the EWR VJ 101 (X2), experimental German jet fighter VTOL tiltjet aircraft, made a successful transition flight.


1966 - Launch of Luna 12, Soviet unmanned space mission to the moon.


1968 - Apollo 7, 1st successful manned Apollo mission, is back on earth.


1975 – The Soviet unmanned space mission Venera 9 lands on Venus.


1977 - Launch of ISEE-1 and ISEE-2, part of the ISEE (International Sun-Earth Explorer) international cooperative program between NASA and ESRO/ESA to study the interaction between the Earth's magnetic field and the solar wind, using 3 spacecraft, a mother/daughter pair (ISEE 1 and ISEE 2) and adding later a heliocentric spacecraft (ISEE 3, later renamed ICE).


1982 - 1st flight of the MD Helicopters MD 530F, Hot and high version of the American light utility helicopter 500E, powered by an Allison 250-C30B rated at 650 shp (485 kW),


1985 - Death of Arthur Marie Marcel Coadou, French WWI flying ace, who also served in WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Coadou - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/coadou.php

1986 - American rock musician, actress, and at that time traffic reporter, Jane Dornacker, is killed in the crash of the Enstrom F-28 helicopter she was reporting from


1992 - Launch of STS-52, NASA Space Shuttle mission Columbia to deploy satellites (USMP-1 Fwd , USMP-1 Aft, Lageos 2 and CTA).


1996 – Million Air Flight 406, a Boeing 707-323C with 4 people aboard, crashes into a Dolorosa neighborhood ripping off rooftops and crashing in flames into a restaurant, killing the 4 aboard, 30 in the neighborhood and injuring 50 Ecuador.


1998 - Launch of SCD-2 (Satélite de Coleta de Dados 2), 2nd brazilian satellite.


2001 - Launch of BIRD (Bispectral Infra-Red Detection) experimental german satellite.


2005 - Bellview Airlines Flight 210 Boeing 737-200 crashed shortly after taking off from Murtala Mohammed International Airport en route to Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, killing all 117 people onboard


2007 – Raid on Anuradhapura Air Force Base is carried out by 21 Tamil Tiger commandos. All except one died in this attack. Eight Sri Lankan Air Force planes are destroyed and 10 damaged.


2008 – India launches its 1st unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1, carrying MIP, Indian Lunar probe.


2011 - The Twin Balloons Airship made by JP Aerospace flew to 95,085 feet as the New Airship World Altitude Record. The unmanned tandem airship flew nearly 4 miles higher than any airship before and is provided with 2 electric motors, each spinning a propeller.