On This Day in Aviation History AUGUST 2 nd

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1799 - Death of Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, brother of Joseph-Michel, inventors of the montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique. The brothers succeeded in launching the 1 st manned ascent,

1886 - Birth of John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviation pioneer, 1st Canadian to be issued a pilot's licence and the 19th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia

1889 - Birth of Charles Terres Weymann, French early aeroplane racing pilot and businessman.

1895 - Birth of William Benson Craig, Canadian WWI flying ace -

1896 - Birth of Cyril Frank Uwins, British record breaker and test pilot for Bristol Aircraft where he made the 1st flight of 58 different types of aircraft.

1907 - Birth of Klaus Riedel, German rocket pioneer who joined Wernher von Braun for the V2 project.

1907 - Birth of Stepan Pawlowitsch Suprun, Soviet test pilot and WWII fighter Pilot.

1909 - 1st flying machine purchased and put into service by a government is the Wright Flyer. The US Army accepts its 1st airplane (as "Signal Corps (S.C.) No. 1") and pays the Wrights $25,000, plus a $5,000 bonus, because the machine exceeded the speed requirement of 40 mph.

1909 - John McCurdy wrecked the AEA Silver Dart (1st canadian built plane) when one wheel struck a rise in the ground while landing after he had made the 1st passenger fight in Canada.

1912 - Birth of Masaaki Iinuma, Japanese navy Aviator, Raid and test pilot.

1915 - 1st time an aircraft takes off from a platform aboard a fully operational British aviation ship (HMS Campania), a Sopwith Schneider floatplane, mounted on a wheeled trolley, used 130 feet (39.6 m) of the flight deck while the ship was steaming into the wind at 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph).

1916 - Death of Eduard Martynovich Pulpe, Russian WWI flying ace, from wounds received in action in his Nieuport 11. -

1916 – 1st interception of an airship by a carrier-based aircraft: A Bristol Scout C from the Royal Navy seaplane carrier HMS Vindex flown by Flt Lt. Freeman unsuccessfully attacks the German Zeppelin L 17. -

1917 - 1st pilot to land an airplane on the deck of a moving ship is Squadron leader Edwin Harris Dunning of the British Royal Naval Air Service when he puts a Sopwith Pup down on HMS Furious.

1919 - Italy's 1st commercial aviation disaster : A Caproni Ca.48, Italian airliner converted version of the Ca.42 heavy bomber, crashed at Verona after its wings apparently collapsed in mid-flight at an altitude of 3,000 feet (912 meters), killing all on Board including Caproni's Test pilot Luigi Ridolfi. -

1919 - Death of Otto Kissenberth, German WWI fighter ace -

1920 - Death of Ormer Leslie 'Lock' Locklear, American daredevil stunt flyer during and immediately after WWI, while filming his second movie, The Skywayman. While filming the finale by night, He forewarned the lighting crew to douse their lights when he got near the derricks, but the lights remained full on, blinding him, and he crashed. The movie showed the crash and its aftermath in gruesome detail.

1922 - Death of Alexander Graham Bell, British eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator, credited with inventing the 1st practical telephone, He also made experiments to develop motor-powered heavier-than-air aircrafts.

1923 - 1st flight of The Wright F2W, American racing biplane aircraft prototype built for the US Navy.

1929 - Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, departed on a record-breaking flight of 10,000 miles from Lympne Airport to Karachi in her single-engined Fokker F.VII 'Spider' pilot C.D.Barnard and mechanic Robert Little.,_Duchess_of_Bedford#Aviation

1931 - Death of Giovanni Monti, italian soccer player and aviator, on a test run over lake Garda of his Macchi-Castoldi M.C.72 racer when a wing hitted the water during a turn.

1934 - Birth of Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky, Soviet air force pilot and cosmonaut.

1934 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB-202, French twin-engined high-wing monoplane with a fixed undercarriage bomber prototype issued from the MB-200. -

1936 - Death of Louis Blériot, French aviator, inventor and engineer. He completed the 1st flight across a large body of water in a heavier-than-air craft. He also is credited as the 1st person to make a working monoplane. Blériot was a pioneer of the sport of air racing.

1938 - Death of Captain Frank Sowter Barnwell,aeronautical engineer and aircraft designer, who performed the 1st powered flight in Scotland. Testing his Barnwell B.S.W., teh plane struck a bump when taking off from Bristol (Whitchurch) Airport and stalled crashing onto a nearby road

1940 - Operation Hurry: 1st delivery of Hawker Hurricane fighters to Malta. 12 aircrafts are flown from the aircraft carrier HMS Argus and all arrived safely.

1943 - A C-87 Liberator Express aircraft (transport derivative of the B-24 Liberator heavy bomber), owned by the USAAF and operated by United Airlines, transferring Japanese men, women and children of the Consular Corps, to exchange for Allied POWs, crashed soon after takeoff from Whenuapai Aerodrome in fog and cloudy conditions as gyro horizon had inadvertently been left caged, killing 16 over 30.

1943 - The Sole Piaggio P.119, Italian experimental fighter with a "buried" radial engine mounted mid-fuselage, crashed on landing. One month later, the armistice with the Allies brought an end to the project.

1944 - The Mikoyan/Gurevich I-225, Soviet Piston engined fighter prototype, attained 707km/h at 8500m.

1944 - The Republic Thunderbolt XP-47J (fitted with a GE CH-5 turbosupercharger) achieved a top speed of 505 mph (440 kn, 813 km/h) in level flight, making it one of the fastest piston engine fighters ever built.

1945 – A U. S. Navy PV-1 Ventura patrol plane discovers survivors of the heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis (CA-35), the first indication that Indianapolis is even missing, 84 hours after she had been sunk by the Japanese submarine I-58 in the Philippine Sea. A large air-sea rescue operation begins but will save only 316 of her crew of 1,199.

1947 - British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian 'Stardust' disappeared in mysterious circumstances (included conspiracy theories such as inter-corporate sabotage and abduction by aliens) while crossing the Andes mountain range in South America. It remained unlocated for fifty years.

1949 - Birth of Bertalan Farkas, Hungarian Air force pilot, 1st Hungarian cosmonaut and 1st Esperantist in space.

1956 - 1st flight of the Wassmer WA-20 'Javelot', French single seat competition glider.

1960 - 1st flight of the Bennett Airtruck, New Zealand agricultural aircraft, developed from the Kingsford Smith PL.7, high-wing monoplane with a steel stub wing and V lift struts, cockpit (made from shortened Harvard glazing) being mounted directly over the radial engine, completed by twin booms each supporting unconnected tail units.

1961 - 1st flight of The Wallis WA-116 Agile , British singleseat small autogyro (one nicknamed Little Nellie, was flown in the James Bond film You Only Live Twice).

1963 - Death of Pavel Fedorovich Zhigarev, commander of the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) and later Chief Marshal of Aviation.

1964 - US Navy aircraft are involved in skirmishes in the Gulf of Tonkin. F-8 Crusaders sink a North Vietnamese torpedo boat

1966 - 1st flight of The Sukhoi Su-17 'Fitter', Soviet attack aircraft developed from the Sukhoi Su-7 fighter-bomber.

1968 - 1st flight of the pre-production Aérospatiale SA-341 Gazelle, French 5-seat helicopter, commonly used for light transport, scouting and light attack duties.

1973 - Death of Albert John ‘Ajax’ Baumler, American flying ace during the Spanish Civil War and WWII, 1st American pilot credited with destroying aircraft of all three Axis Powers. Ground Controlled Approach (GCA) operator during the Korean war, it is said that he identified some of the Russian pilots as his former wingmen in Spain from the way some Migs were manoeuvering. He used to refer to them, laughingly, as 'My Boys'. - -

1978 - Death of Ronald Burns Bannerman, New-Zealand flying ace during WWI, as well as high level administrator for the NZAF during WWII. -

1985 - Delta Air Lines Flight 191 Lockheed L-1011-385-1 TriStar, crashes within inches of the runway at Dallas-Ft. Worth International Airport, exploding and killing 133 persons, including a car driver who had been struck by the plane just before it exploded.

1991 - Launch of STS-43, space shuttle Atlantis mission.

2000 - 1st flight of the Kaman SH-2G (NZ) Super Seasprite, upgraded former US Navy SH-2F version for export to New-zeland of the american ship-based helicopter with anti-submarine, anti-surface threat capability, including over-the-horizon targeting. -

2005 - Air France Flight 358 Airbus A340-313X bursts into flames after skidding off the end of a runway after landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport. All 309 people aboard survive.

2009 - Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 9760 de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 crashed into a mountainside despite good weather, killing all 16 on board.

2010 – 1st successful flight of a human-powered, flapping-wing aircraft. Todd Reichert of the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies pilots a human-powered ornithopter, Snowbird, in Ontario, sustaining 19.3 seconds of flight, covering a distance of 145 metres (475 ft). The 42.6 kg (92.59 lb) craft has 32 metre-span flapping wings.