On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 14th

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1891 - Birth of Frederick Grant Banting, Canadian medical scientist, doctor, painter and Nobel laureate noted as the primary discoverer of insulin, who participated with the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) in research concerning the physiological problems encountered by pilots operating high-altitude combat aircraft.

1896 - Birth of William Mayes Fry, British WWI flying ace who also served in WWII. -

1910 - Birth of the aircraft carrier : Eugene Ely takes off from the cruiser USS Birmingham at Hampton roads, Virginia, on a Curtiss Model D biplane. The warship has an 83-foot platform built over the foredeck for the take-off.

1914 - 1st flight of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.6, Single seat biplane fighter prototype, damaged after a heavy landing, it was not repaired. -

1917 - Birth of Kerim Aliyevich Kerimov, Azerbaijani-Soviet/Russian aerospace engineer and a renowned rocket scientist, one of the founders of the Soviet space industry, and for many years a central figure in the Soviet space program.

1919 - The American Railway Express Company hires a Handley Page V/1500 to carry 454 kg (1,000 lb) of parcels from New York to Chicago, but the attempt fails due to mechanical problems.

1922 - Death of Godfrey DeCourcelles Chevalier, pioneering US Navy aviator, as a result of injuries sustained in an airplane crash 2 days before.

1927 - 1st flight of The Blackburn Turcock, British single-seat single-engine biplane fighter prototype.

1928 - The Blackburn Iris II, carrying Sir Philip Sassoon, the Under-Secretary of State for Air and Air Commodore Sir Arthur Longmore on a tour of RAF Stations of the Mediterranean and Middle East, is back to RAF Calshot having flown a total distance of 11,360 mi (18,290 km) with a flight time of 125 hr 5 min.

1930 - 1st flight of The Handley Page H.P.42 / H.P.45, British four-engine long-range biplane airliners. The HP42 were equipped with Bristol Jupiter XIFs of 490 hp and the HP 45 by Bristol Jupiter XFBM supercharged engines of 555 hp.

1930 - Birth of Edward Higgins White II , American engineer, USAF test pilot and NASA astronaut, 1st American to "walk" in space.

1932 - Amy Johnson takes off from Lypmne, UK with her de Havilland DH80A Puss Moth for a new flight record to Cape Town,South AFrica.

1933 - 1st flight of The Potez 540 , French multi-role Highwing twin engine aircraft. -

1933 - Birth of Fred Wallace Haise, Jr., American, USMC test pilot and NASA astronaut, one of only 24 people to have flown to the Moon.

1935 - 1st flight of The Noorduyn Norseman, Canadian single-engine bush plane designed to operate from unimproved surfaces, 1st all-Canadian designed bush aircraft.

1937 - Flight Officer A.E. Clouston and Mrs Betty Kirby-Green takes off from London to Cape town in the de havilland DH.88 comet 'The Burberry'.

1938 - KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Douglas DC-3-194D 'IJsvogel' struck terrain at cruise speed while on approach to Amsterdam-Schiphol Municipal Airport, killing 6 over 19.

1940 - The Coventry blitz occurs, carried out by 515 luftwaffe bombers. It combined several innovations which influenced all future strategic bomber raids during the war.

1942 - Death of Tadashi Kaneko, Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War and WWII flying ace, killed in action in his A6m2 Zero while covering the passage of a transport convoy delivering army troops to Guadalcanal. -

1942 - Death of Franco Mazzotti Biancinelli Faglia, Italian racing driver and raid aviator, killed in his Savoia-Marchetti S.M.75.

1944 - Death of Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, WWI pilot and senior commander in the Royal Air Force during WWII. Appointed Air Commander-in-Chief of South East Asia Command (SEAC), he was killed en route to Burma when the Avro York aircraft in which he was travelling crashed into the French Alps.

1946 - KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Douglas DC-3 crashed on it's 3rd attempt to land at Amsterdam's airport in poor weather, killing all 26.

1956 - Birth of Kenneth Dwane "Sox" Bowersox, American engineer, USN test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1965 - U.S. airline Flying Tigerline Captain and chief pilot J.L. Martin takes off from Honolulu for the 1st around the world over flying both Poles with a Boeing 707.;jsessionid=3144A5D9BFC2BE6F3EDACB287C71832C.journals?fromPage=online&aid=5647056

1968 - Fly-by of the moon of the Soviet spacecraft Zond-6.

1969 - Launch of Apollo 12 , sixth manned flight in the American Apollo program and the 2nd to land on the Moon (an H type mission).

1970 – Soviet Union enters ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), making Russian the 4th official language of organization.

1970 - 1st flight of The Aerosport Rail, American extremely minimalist aircraft. A wooden rail with wings and a T-tail. The pilot sat atop the rail, just ahead of and above the wings. Two small engines were mounted on struts behind the seat either side of centerline, driving pusher propellers.

1970 – Southern Airways Flight 932 Douglas DC-9-31 crashes in the mountains near Huntington, West Virginia, killing 75, including members of the Marshall University football team.

1973 - Death of Joseph Randall Holzapple, USAF WWII bomber pilot and High ranking officer.

1980 - Death of Raoul Hafner, Austrian-born British helicopter pioneer and engineer.

1980 - 1st flight of the SOCATA TB-20 'Trinidad', French Four of five seat light cabin aircraft. -

1981 - STS-2, Space shuttle Columbia is back on earth.

1982 - During a bomb-burst maneuver at a Hamamatsu air display, Mitsubishi T-2 plane #4 of the aerobatic team Blue Impulse (11 Squadron) failed to pull up in time and crashed into a building, killing pilot Takashima Kiyoshi and injured 11 people on the ground. 28 civilian houses and about 290 cars were damaged.

1987 - Air Transat, Canadian Airline, make its inaugural flight.

1990 - Alitalia Flight 404 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 crashed into Stadlerberg mountain near the Zurich-Kloten Airport, Switzerland, because of a faulty ILS receiver, killing all 46. -

1994 - STS-66, Space shuttle Atlantis mission, is back on earth.

1996 - 1st flight of the The Mil Mi-28N (NATO reporting name ' Night Havoc'), Night version of the Russian all-weather day-night military tandem two-seat anti-armour attack helicopter with a radar in a round cover above the main rotor.

2007 - An Ariane 5-ECA rocket is launched, carrying Star 1 C1, Brazilian communication satellite, and Skynet 5B, British communication satellite. -

2010 - Launch of Skyterra 1, American Communications satellite.

2012 - Israel begins Operation Pillar of Defense by launching its most intense air attacks against Hamas forces in the Gaza Strip since 2008, killing the Hamas defense chief in Gaza, Ahmed al-Jabari, and striking dozens of targets before dark.