On This Day in Aviation History OCTOBER 2nd

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1870 - Birth of Henry Kapférer, French engineer, adventurer and early aircraft designer.


1888 - Birth of Arthur Frederick Britton, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Britton - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/britton.php

1892 - Birth of Paul Marcel Teste, French Navy officer aviator, test pilot and raid pilot, notable for the 1st aeronaval landing of the French Navy aboard the Béarn.


1893 - Birth of Ernest Tips, Belgian aircraft designer.


1895 - Birth of Paul Lotz, German WWI flying ace


1899 - Death of Percy Sinclair Pilcher, British inventor and pioneer aviator, from injuries sustained 2 days before in the crash of his glider.


1901 - Birth of Charles Stark Draper, American scientist and engineer, often referred to as "the father of inertial navigation."


1904 - Birth of Albert Aubrey 'Aub' Koch, pioneering Australian military and civil pilot, captain of the only Qantas aircraft known to be shot down during WWII.


1906 - Birth of Willy Ley, German-American science writer and space advocate who helped popularize rocketry and spaceflight in both Germany and the United States.


1911 - Death of Cromwell Dixon, American early aviator and 1st person to fly across the Continental Divide, killed when he crashed from a height of 100 feet at the International Fair Grounds in Spokane, Washington.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cromwell_Dixon - http://earlyaviators.com/edixon.htm

1912 - Birth of Frank Joseph Malina, American aeronautical engineer and painter.


1914 - Birth of John Whiteside Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons, better known as Jack Parsons), American rocket propulsion researcher at the California Institute of Technology. He was one of the principal founders of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Aerojet Corp.


1916 - Zeppelin LZ72 (L31) is shot down by British fighter pilot Lt V Tempest over Potter's Bar, near London, killing Heinrich Mathy, Germany's foremost airship captain.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Zeppelins#Zeppelins_constructed_during_World_War_I - http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Mathy

1917 - Irish WWI flying ace Edward Patrick Hartigan (Observer Gunner) scores his 1st 4 victories (4 Albatros D.V) on a single mission with scottish WWI flying ace David Sidney Hall (Pilot).

http://theaerodrome.com/aces/ireland/hartigan.php - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/scotland/hall1.php

1917 - Death of Colin Geen Orr MacAndrew, Scottish WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Bristol Fighter


1918 - 1st flight of the Blériot Bl-74, French 4 seat 4 engine biplane night bomber prototype.

http://www.aviastar.org/air/france/bleriot_74.php - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=156

1918 - Death of Christian Kairies, German WWI flying ace, from wounds received the day before.


1918 - Death of Clement Wattson Payton, British WWI flying ace, downed with his Sopwith Camel by ground fire while bombing an enemy supply train in the vicinity of Courtrai.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clement_W._Payton - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/payton.php

1918 - Death of Maurice Lea Cooper, Irish WWI flying ace, killed by ground fire while bombing a train with his Sopwith Camel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Cooper - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/ireland/cooper4.php

1918 - 1st flight of The Kettering Bug , American aerial torpedo, a forerunner of the German V-1 flying bomb, and UAVs or cruise missiles.


1919 - Death of Petar Marinovich (Pierre Marinovitch), French WWI flying ace, Killed in a senseless plane crash performing complicated aviation stunts to entertain the King and Queen of Belgium at Evere Airfield, Brussels, Belgium.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petar_Marinovich - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/marinovitch.php

1921 - Birth of Albert Scott Crossfield, normally known as Scott Crossfield, American naval officer and test pilot.(1st man to fly at Mach 2 with a Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket)


1923 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH.53 Humming Bird, British light aircraft



1924 - 1st flight of The Bernard SIMB V.2 French single-seat, single-engine French racing monoplane prototype


1926 - The Last Blériot Bl-155, French 4 engine biplane airliner, F-AICQ Operated by Air Union crashed on an emergency landing due to in-flight fire killing all 7 on board.


1929 - 1st flight of The Acme Sportsman, American two-seat parasol wing sportsplane, conventional taildragger configuration with open cockpits in tandem and folding wings.


1930 - 1st flight of the Guillemin JG.40, French twin seat high wing monplane single engine ambulance or postal aircraft prototype.


1931 - 1st flight of The Junkers Ju 49, German aircraft prototype designed to investigate high-altitude flight and the techniques of cabin pressurization.


1932 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D-430, French High wing 3 engine colonial aircraft prototype To fulfill roles like day and night reconnaissance, bombing, passenger transport and medical evacuation

http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9778 - http://1000aircraftphotos.com/Contributions/EwingBill/11208.htm

1934 - Hillman's Airways De Havilland DH.89A Dragon Rapide crashed into the English Channel off Folkestone, Kent, killing all 7 people on board, due to the pilot's lack of experience in navigation and blind flying.


1935 - Birth of Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. , USAF officer and 1st African-American astronaut.


1937 - A Float mounted Yakovlev UT-1 (AIR-14), Russian Compact monoplane aerobatic trainer with open cockpit, set a speed record of 218km/h on a close course of 100km with Piontkovsky at controls.


1938 - 1st flight of The Dewoitine D.520, French WWII fighter aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.520 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=338

1939 - 1st flight of The Ilyushin Il-2 (Shturmovik), prototype TsKB-55, Soviet WWII ground-attack aircraft.


1939 - Birth of Yury Nikolayevich Glazkov, Soviet Air Force officer and cosmonaut.


1941 - Death of Luis Alcocer Moreno Abellá, Spanish Nationalist flying ace of the civil war, Volunteer for combat in Russia with 1a Escuadrilla Azul part of the german LuftFlotte 2, killed while crash landing his BF-109E after running out of petrol on his 1st mission, 1st spanish casualty.

http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/spain_alcocer.htm - http://www.cieldegloire.com/018_alcocer_moreno_abella_l.php

1941 - Heini Dittmar sets a new airspeed record of 1,004 km/h (624 mph) in a Messerschmitt Me 163A. The record is unofficial because the flight (and the Me 163 programme) is kept secret.


1943 - 2nd prototype Arado Ar 234 V2, German jet-powered bomber (world's 1st operational jet-powered bomber) crashes at Rheine near Munster after suffering fire in port wing, failure of both engines, and various instrumentation failure, the airframe diving into the ground from 4,000 feet (1,200 m), killing pilot Flugkapitän Selle.


1944 - 2nd and last prototype Bell XP-77, American all-wood light-weight fighter, entered an inverted spin while attempting an Immelmann and is destroyed in the crash.

http://www.aviastar.org/air/usa/bell_xp-77.php - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bell_XP-77#Testing

1945 – A U.S. Navy PBM Mariner flying boat carrying Rear Admiral William Sample and eight others disappears near Wakayama, Japan.


1946 - 1st flight of The Vought F6U Pirate, Vought's 1st jet fighter, designed for US Navy . Although pioneering the use of turbojet power as the 1st naval fighter with an afterburner and composite material construction


1948 - A Short S.25 Sandringham 5 flying boat of Det Norske Luftfartselskap (DNL) crashed upon landing in Trondheim, killing 19 among 43.


1956 - 1st flight of The Hughes Model 269 (TH-55A Osage), American piston-powered light training helicopter.


1963 - 2nd Short SC.1 (1st British fixed-wing vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft) crashed in Belfast killing the pilot, J.R. Green.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_SC.1#Testing - http://thetartanterror.blogspot.fr/2008/05/jr-green-19xx-1963.html

1966 - 1st flight of The Gulfstream II (G-II), American twin engine business jet.


1970 – Golden Eagle Aviation Martin 4-0-4, charter flight carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado killing 31 people.


1971 - British European Airways Flight 706 Vickers Vanguard crashed 35 minutes after takeoff. The rear cabin pressure bulkhead failed due to corrosion, and The resulting pressurization of the tail section caused the surfaces of the tailplanes to separate weakening them so they broke off. Without a horizontal stabilizer the aircraft entered an uncontrollable dive. All 83 on board were killed.


1976 - Death of James Alfred Keating, American WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Alfred_Keating - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/keating.php

1980 - Death of Valentin Stepanovich Varlamov, Russian jet pilot and instructor at the cosmonaut training centre.


1980 – A Westland Sea King of 202 Squadron performs the rescue of 22 passengers from the Swedish ship Finneagle in the North Sea.


1984 - Soyuz T-11, Soviet expedition to Salyut 7, is back on earth.


1990 - Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 Boeing 737-247, which was hijacked, collided with 2 others (China Southern Airlines Boeing 757-21B and Boeing 707-3J6B) and on the runways of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport while attempting to land, killing a total of 128 people.


1991 - Launch of Soyuz TM-13, Russian space mission to Mir, with Franz Viehböck, Austria's 1st cosmonaut.


1996 - Aeroperú Flight 603 Boeing 757-23A crashed in the Pacific Ocean near Pasamayo, Peru killing all 70. Due to Maintenance error, pilots were unaware of their true altitude because of instruments failure.


1998 - Death of Orvon Grover 'Gene' Autry, American only celebrity to have five stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame who served as a C-47 Skytrain pilot in the USAAF during WWII, flying dangerous missions over the Himalayas, nicknamed the Hump, between Burma and China.


2001 – Swissair liquidates and the airline is replaced by SWISS.


2009 - Feel Air, Norwegian low-cost airline, is launched.