On This Day in Aviation History JULY 2 nd

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1859 - John Wise, John LaMountain and several guest passengers lands their Montgolfière baloon in Ohio after a 1,150 miles (1,850 km) flight from St. Louis, Missouri.


1872 - Birth of Horace Leonard Short, Co-founder of the Short aircraft company


1885 - Birth of Ugolino Vivaldi Pasqua, Italian aviation pioneer and the 1st Italian aviation fatality.


1894 - Birth of David McKelvey Peterson, American WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_M._Peterson - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/peterson.php

1894 - Birth of John Edmund Greene, Canadian WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Edmund_Greene - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/greene.php

1897 - Birth of Clifford MacKay "Black Mike" McEwen, Canadian WWI fighter ace and senior commander in the RCAF during WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clifford_McEwen - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/mcewen.php

1898 - Birth of Hugh Latimer Dryden, American aeronautical scientist and civil servant.


1899 - Birth of Cyril Richard Smythe, British WWI flying ace


1899 - Birth of William Henry Maxted, British WWI flying ace.

http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Henry_Maxted - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/maxted.php

1900 - 1st flight of the Zeppelin LZ1 , 1st truly successful experimental rigid airship, flown from a floating hangar on Lake Constance, near Friedrichshafen in southern Germany,


1904 - Birth of Nicolae Polizu-Micșunești, Romanian WWII flying ace and test pilot.


1910 - Claude Grahame-White, in his Farman biplane, won the £1,000 first prize for Aggregate Duration in Flight (1 hr 23 min 20 secs) at the Midlands Aviation Meeting at Wolverhampton


1910 - French Jacques Benjamin de Lesseps is the 1st pilot to fly over Montreal.


1912 - The Danish Air Force is established as an army air corps.


1912 - Death of Chester Melvin Vaniman, American acrobatic photographer, adventurer, businessman, famous aviator and balloonist, killed when his airship, the 'Akron', exploded off the New Jersey shore during his 2nd attempt at a trans-Atlantic airship crossing.


1915 - Byron Quinby Jones, American pioneer aviator and an officer in the United States Army, flying a Curtiss J tractor, became the 1st army pilot to execute a loop and stall an airplane without crashing.


1916 - Birth of Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Famous german dive-bomber pilot and The most highly decorated German serviceman of WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans-Ulrich_Rudel - http://cieldegloire.fr/001_rudel_h_u.php

1918 - Death of Joseph Creuss Callaghan (the mad major), Irish/american WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Dolphin.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Callaghan - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/ireland/callaghan.php

1918 - Death of Percy Griffith Jones, Welsh WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Bristol F.2b.


1919 - 1st crossing of the Atlantic by airship starts with the British rigid airship, R-34, from Scotland to Long Island, New York.It has a 30-man crew and is piloted by Major G.H. Scott. As the landing party had no experience of handling large rigid airships, Major EM Pritchard jumped by parachute and so became the 1st person to reach American soil by air from Europe. This was the 1st East-West crossing of the Atlantic


1919 – U.S. Navy blimp C-8 explodes while landing at Camp Holabird, Maryland, injuring ~80 adults and children who were watching it. Windows in homes a mile away are shattered by the blast.


1921 - 1st flight of the Latham HB-5, French twin engine biplane Bomber flying boat.


1926 - The United States Army Air Service becomes the United States Army Air Corps.


1928 - Birth of Iven Carl "Kinch" Kincheloe, Jr., American test pilot, recipient of the Silver Star and Distinguished Flying Cross, Korean War fighetr ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iven_C._Kincheloe - http://cieldegloire.fr/014_kincheloe_i_c.php

1934 - Brothers Benjamin and Joseph Adamowicz lands finally their Bellanca J300 'City of Warsaw' in Warsaw, Poland.


1934 – The Armée de l’Air is separated from the French Army to become the independent French Air Force, although retaining the name Armée de l’Air.


1937 - Russian pilot Paulina Osipenka sets a women non-stop flight record of 2416km between Novgorod and Archangelsk with a Beriev MP-1bis, Variant of the Beriev MBR-2, Soviet reconnaissance flying boat.


1937 - Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan took off from Lae and are lost over the South Pacific near Howland Island in a Lockheed Electra 10E. This was to be her last long-distance attempt.


1938 - A Heinkel He-116R, German 4 engine long-range mail plane, sets a endurance record, covering 9,942 km (6,178 mi) unrefueled, at an average speed of 214 km/h (133 mph) after a 48 hours 18 minutes flight.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinkel_He_116 - http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/he-116.php

1939 - 1st flight of the Leduc RL-12, French parasol wing single engine single seat sports aircraft prototype.


1940 - Birth of Georgi Ivanov Kakalov, Bulgarian pilot, 1st Bulgarian cosmonaut and politician.


1941 - Death of George Valentin, Prince Bibescu, Romanian early aviation pioneer, instrumental in founding the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI).


1941 - The formation of the Canadian Women's Auxiliary Air Force was authorized by Order-in-Council.


1943 - Tuskegee airman, Lt Charles 'Buster' Hall downed a FW-190 with his P-40 Warwhawk, becoming the 1st black american to score a victoruy as a US Army Air Corps pilot.



1943 - Birth of Henry Martin 'Hank' Kleemann, US Navy fighter pilot and instructor (noted for shooting down a Lybian SU-22 in 1981).



1944 - Death of Shogo Saito, japanese WWII fighter ace.


1944 - Death of Julius Schmidt, German WWI fighter ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Schmidt_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/schmidt1.php

1949 - MacRobertson Miller Aviation Douglas DC-3 crashed about a mile north of Perth airport and burned for over an hour. On Take off, it climbed to a height of about 500 feet (152 m) and then spiralled almost vertically to the ground, killing all 18 people on board.


1952 - Birth of Linda Maxine Godwin, American scientist and NASA astronaut.


1954 - Death of Erich Rüdiger von Wedel, German WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_R%C3%BCdiger_von_Wedel - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/wedel1.php

1957 - 1st flight of the Merville SM.30, French Glider


1959 - Birth of Wendy Barrien Lawrence, USN Captain, helicopter pilot, engineer, and NASA astronaut, 1st female graduate of the US Naval Academy to fly in spac


1959 - 1st flight of The Kaman SH-2 Seasprite, American ship-based helicopter with anti-submarine, anti-surface threat capability, including over-the-horizon targeting.


1963 - Mohawk Airlines Flight 121 Martin 404 crashed during takeoff into a heavy thunderstorm from Rochester-Monroe airport killing 7 people and injuring 36.


1967 - 1st flight of The Sukhoi T-6-2, Soviet supersonic, all-weather attack aircraft prototype, which will lead to the development of the Sukhoi Su-24 'Fencer'.


1982 - Soyuz T-6 , soviet spaceflight to Earth orbit to the Salyut 7 space station, is back on earth.


1982 - Death of Tow Jewett, co-founder of the Quickie Aircraft Corporation, builder of the successful Quickie tandem-winged kitplane, Killed in the crash of the sole Quickie Aircraft Corporation Free Enterprise (Big Bird) prototype during a test flight.


1982 - Lawrence Richard Walters, nicknamed "Lawnchair Larry" or the "Lawn Chair Pilot", took flight in a homemade airship. Dubbed Inspiration I, the "flying machine" consisted of an ordinary patio chair with 45 helium-filled weather balloons attached to it. Walters rose to an altitude of over 15,000 feet (4,600 m) and floated from his point of origin in San Pedro, California, into controlled airspace near Los Angeles International Airport.


1985 - Death of David Charles Purley, British racing driver in the crash of his Pitts Special aerobatic biplane. Purley is perhaps best known for his actions at the 1973 Dutch Grand Prix, where he abandoned his own race and attempted to save the life of fellow British driver Roger Williamson, whose car was upside down on fire following a horrific accident.


1985 - Launch of Giotto, European robotic spacecraft mission from the European Space Agency, intended to fly by and study Halley's Comet.


1987 - Per Lindstrand and Richard Branson lift off their balloon 'Virgin Atlantic' (at the time, the largest ever flown at 2.3 million cubic feet of capacity) from Sugarloaf Mountain for the 1st transatlantic flight in a hot air balloon.


1994 - USAir Flight 1016 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 on final approach in heavy thunderstorms at Charlotte/Douglas International Airport, touched down into a field within the airport boundary, about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) from the threshold of runway 18R. It then crashed through the airport fence and impacted several trees, breaking apart while skidding down a residential street that was on the airport boundary, Killing 20 over 57.


1997 - Death of of James Maitland "Jimmy" Stewart, American film and stage actor, and also instructor pilot in single- and twin-engine aircraft during WWII.


2000 - Philippine Air Force General Santiago Madrid and Palawan Governor Salvador Socrates were among those killed when a Philippine air force Fokker 50 GAF Nomad N.22C crashed into the sea off the western province of Palawan


2000 - 1st flight of The Zeppelin NT, german semi-rigid airship.


2001 - Liverpool Airport is renamed Liverpool John Lennon International Airport.


2004 - Cassini–Huygens makes its 1st distant flyby of Saturn's largest moon, Titan.


2005 - Steve Fossett and co-pilot Mark Rebholz recreated the 1st direct crossing of the Atlantic by the British team of John Alcock and Arthur Whitten-Brown. Their flight from St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada to Clifden, Ireland in the open cockpit Vickers Vimy replica took 18 hours 25 minutes with 13 hours flown in instrument flight conditions. Because there was no airport in Clifden, Fossett and Rebholz landed on the 8th fairway of the Connemarra Golf Course.