On This Day in Aviation History OCTOBER 24th

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1878 - Birth of Frank Trenholm Coffyn, American pioneer aviator.


1892 - Birth of Georges Charles Marie François Flachaire, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Flachaire - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/flachaire.php

1893 - Birth of Rex Buren Beisel, American aeronautical engineer who led the design of the Vought F7U Cutlass, Vought F4U Corsair and won the Wright Brothers Medal in 1934 for work related to the cooling of radial aircraft engines.


1894 - Birth of Ployer Peter Hill American aviator and test pilot who piloted nearly 60 of the Army Air Corps' newest aircraft, testing and evaluating their capabilities for service.


1895 - Birth of Frank Wilbur "Spig" Wead, US Navy aviator, test pilot, raid pilot and air racer, screenwriter who promoted US Naval aviation from its inception through WWII.


1896 - Birth of Christian Kairies, German WWI flying ace.


1897 - Birth of Herbert "Bubi" Boy, German WWI flying ace


1897 - Birth of Herbert Victor Rowley, British WWI flying ace, who remained in the RAF postwar, rising to the position of Air Commodore during WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Rowley - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/rowley.php

1901 - Birth of Zygmunt Pulawski, Polish aircraft designer and pilot who invented a gull-wing aircraft design, also known as "Pulawski wing".


1911 - 1st flight of the Wright 1911 glider: Orville soared above Kill Devil Hill for 9 minutes 45 seconds with what is now considered a 'conventional tailplane' rather than the front mounted elevator. The pilot also was seated with hand controls, rather than lying prone in a cradle, as with the original gliders.


1912 - Birth of Hermann Graf, German Luftwaffe WWII fighter ace, 1st pilot in aviation history to claim 200 aerial victories.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Graf - http://cieldegloire.com/001_graf_h.php

1912 - Harry Hawker wins the British Empire Michelin Cup for endurance and Altitude . He flies for 8 hours 23 minutes in a Burgess-Wright airplane.


1917 - Death of John Theobald Milne, British WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Bristol Fighter.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Theobald_Milne - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/milne.php

1919 - Birth of Frank Piasecki, American engineer and helicopter aviation pioneer. Piasecki pioneered tandem rotor helicopter designs and created the compound helicopter concept of vectored thrust using a ducted propeller.


1931 - Death of Gordon Frank Mason 'Mable' Apps, British WWI flying ace, who turned to Canada post war, joining the nascent Royal Canadian Air Force where He performed pioneering aerial photography survey work for the RCAF. He fatally crashed his Fairchild 71 while landing at Peterborough Airport.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Apps - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/apps.php

1932 - 1st flight of The Bloch MB.120 , French three-engine high wing monoplane colonial transport aircraft.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloch_MB.120 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=4500

1932 - 1st flight of the Handley Page H.P.46, British two seat, single-engined biplane carrier-based torpedo bomber prototype.


1933 - 1st flight of the Latécoère 293, French high wing torpedo bomber floatplane prototype, reengined version of the 292.


1939 - 2nd USS Los Angeles, American rigid airship, designated ZR-3 (originally Zeppelin LZ-126) is dismantled in its hangar.


1940 - CAI (Corpo Aereo Italiano) operations began at the close of the Battle of Britain, with an unsuccessful night raid by Fiat BR.20 bombers around Harwich.


1941 - Death of Ildebrando Malavolta, Italian WWII pilot, Killed in his Fiat C.R.42 around Dabat/Ambazzo.


1941 - German WWII Luftwaffe fighter ace Günther Lützow becomes the 2nd 'Experte' (after Werner Mölders) to achieve 100 victories.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%BCnther_L%C3%BCtzow#World_War_II - http://www.luftwaffe.cz/lutzow.html

1942 - 1st daylight attack on Italy is mounted by RAF Bomber Command aircraft based in the UK, when 88 Avro Lancasters of No.5 Group are despatched to attack Milan.


1944 - David McCampbell with his F6F Hellcat scores 9 victories, shooting down 5 A6M Zekes, 2 A6M3 Hamps & 2 Ki-43 Oscars, Only american becoming twice an "ace in a day", setting a U.S. single mission aerial combat record.


1944 - Death of Sumio Fukuda, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action.


1944 - Death of Yukiharu Ozeki, Japanese WWII fighter ace, Killed in action


1945 - American Overseas Airlines (AOA) launched international landplane flights with DC-4 Flagship 'New England' on the route New York City (USA) to London (England UK) via Boston (USA), Gander (Newfoundland) and Shannon (Ireland).


1946 – A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the 1st photograph of earth from outer space.


1947 - 1st flight of The Grumman HU-16 Albatross, american large twin-radial engine amphibious flying boat


1947 - United Airlines Flight 608 Douglas DC-6 en route to Chicago from Los Angeles caught fire and then crashed while attempting an emergency landing at the Bryce Canyon, Utah airport.


1953 - 1st flight of The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, American interceptor jet aircraft.


1957 – The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program. It was to develop a spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions, including reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and sabotage of enemy satellites. Cancelled just after spacecraft construction had begun.


1960 - An R-16 ballistic missile explodes on the launch pad at the Soviet Union's Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing over 100.


1961 - Birth of Susan Kilrain (born Leigh Still), American engineer, USN test pilot and NASA astronaut.


1962 - Launch of Mars 2MV-4 No.1 (Sputnik 22), Soviet spacecraft intended to make a flyby of Mars, and transmit images of the planet back to Earth.


1962 - Death of William Harry Bland, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Harry_Bland - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/bland.php

1962 - Aircraft carriers USS Enterprise, USS Independence, USS Essex, and USS Randolph take part in blockading Cuba during the missile crisis.


1966 - Birth of Jing Haipeng, fighter pilot in the People's Liberation Army Air Force and CNSA astronaut.


1967 - Death of Leslie William Sutherland, Australian WWI flying ace (observer/Gunner) and author (Aces and Kings).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leslie_Sutherland - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/sutherland.php

1976 - Death of Andrei E. Durnovtsev, Soviet Air Force pilot.


1977 - Darryl Greenamyer, flying a modified F-104 Starfighter "Red Baron" (N104RB), set a FAI Class C-1 Group III 3 km speed record of 988.26 mph.


1980 - Death of Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Soviet air force and test pilot, Killed in the crash of the MIG-27 he was testing.


1983 - Death of Andrew MacGregor, Scottish WWI flying ace and senior commander in the Royal Air Force during WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_MacGregor - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/scotland/macgregor1.php

1990 - 1st flight of the Dassault Mirage 2000-5, French multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter, A 2-seat Mirage 2000B prototype extensively modified, privately funded update of the Mirage 2000C.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dassault_Mirage_2000#Mirage_2000-5 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9738

1991 - Death of Eugene Wesley "Gene" Roddenberry, American WWII Bomber pilot, television screenwriter, producer and futurist, best known for creating the American science fiction series Star Trek


1998 – Launch of Deep Space 1, NASA spacecraft dedicated to testing its payload of advanced, high risk technologies, comet/asteroid mission


2000 - STS-92, the 100th Space Shuttle mission, using Space Shuttle Discovery is back on earth


2000 - 1st flight of The Lockheed Martin X-35A, American experimental aircraft for the Joint Strike Fighter Program, developped later into the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II.


2003 - Last commercial flight of the Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde.


2004 - Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS), is back on earth


2004 - After the pilots failed to execute an instrument approach procedure and that both failed to use all navigational aids to confirm the airplane's position during its approach, the Beechcraft Super King Air 200 owned by Hendrick Motorsports crashed into Bull Mountain, seven miles from Blue Ridge Airport, Martinsville, Virginia, killing all 10 including John Hendrick, president of Hendrick Motorsports; and former NASCAR Busch Series driver and owner Ricky Hendrick.


2006 - MESSENGER (an acronym of MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging), robotic NASA spacecraft, encountered Venus at an altitude of 2,992 kilometers (1,859 mi).


2007 - Launch of Chang’e 1, unmanned Chinese lunar-orbiting spacecraft.


2010 - Death of Franciszek Jarecki, pilot in the Polish Air Force, famous for having escaped Soviet-controlled Poland in a MiG-15 jet.