On This Day in Aviation History March 6 th

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1867 - Birth of Samuel Franklin Cowdery (later known as Samuel Franklin Cody), American early pioneer of manned flight, most famous for his work on the large kites known as Cody War-Kites that were used in WWI as a smaller alternative to balloons for artillery spotting. He was also the 1st man to conduct a powered flight in Britain.

1886 - Birth of Townsend Foster Dodd, American pioneer aviator.

1887 - Birth of Reuben Hollis Fleet, American aviation pioneer, industrialist and army officer, founder of Consolidated Aircraft.

1893 - Birth of Fritz Otto Bernert, Gearman WWI fighter ace. -

1894 - Birth of Elia Antonio Liut, Italian Aviation pioneer.

1901 - Birth of Wladimir Sergejewitsch Pyschnow, Soviet Aerodynamic engineer.

1910 - 1st flight of the ASL monoplane N°2, Early british canard pusher aircraft.

1911 - Birth of Lazar Sergeyevich Chapchakhov, Soviet flying ace of the Finnish-Soviet Winter War and WWII. -

1913 - Birth of Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin, WWII Soviet fighter Ace and tactician. -

1915 – 1st fatal accident involving Japanese Naval aviators occurs when Yokosho Navy Type Mo Large Seaplane (Maurice Farman 1914 Seaplane), serial number 15, crashed at sea with Sub-Lieuts. Tozaburo Adachi, Takao Takerube, and W/O 3/c Hisanojo Yanase on board were killed

1918 - The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) is founded.

1918 - Death of Harry William MacKintosh MacKay, Scottish WWI flying ace (Observer/Gunner), from wounds received in action in his De Havilland D.H.4 just after having scored 4 of his 5 victories (2 Pflaz DIII and 2 Albatros DV) with his pilot, british fighter ace David Arthur Stewart. -

1918 - 1st successful flight of a powered unmanned heavier-than-air craft, the Curtiss-Sperry Flying Bomb takes place. Precursor to modern unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), it flew over the planned distance of 900 m (1000 yds). -

1919 - Death of Werner Preuss, German WWI fighter ace, killed in a crash as serving in the air component of the Schleswig-Holstein Freikorps. -

1927 - Birth of Leroy Gordon Cooper, Jr., (also known as Gordo Cooper), American aeronautical engineer, test pilot and NASA astronaut. Cooper was one of the seven original astronauts in Project Mercury, the first manned space effort by the United States. He was the first American to sleep in orbit, flew the longest spaceflight of the Mercury project, and was the last American to be launched alone into Earth orbit and conduct an entire solo orbital mission.

1931 - The sole Vought XF2U, American prototype biplane fighter aircraft, is destroyed in a crash.

1932 - French Emile Munch, Max Dévé and Charles Verneilh take off with the Couzinet 33 'Biarritz', French 3 engine mailplane, for the 1st France New-Caledonia flight.

1934 - French aviatrix Maryse Hilsz lands her Breguet 27 S (a Bre 330 N°2 modified) christened 'Joe III' in Tokyo, half way of her Asian tour Paris-Tokyo-Paris. -

1935 - 1st flight of the A.N.F. Les Mureaux 115 R2B2, French Single engine High wing monoplane 2 seat Bomber.

1937 - Birth of Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut, 1st woman in space.

1938 - A new parachute descent record of 35,450ft. is achieved by the French parachutist James Williams (Jean Niland) when he jumps from the cockpit of an ANF Les Mureaux 113 high-wing monoplane after taking off from the airfield at Chartres. Dropping to a height above the ground of 650 ft. in 2 minutes 50 seconds before opening his parachute, Williams easily achieves a world free-fall record

1939 - Death of Jeanne Pallier, early French aviatrix, probably the 1st woman pilot to fly over Paris.

1943 - Death of Kanichi Kashimura, 2nd Sino-Japanese War and WWII flying ace, instructor, missing in action with his Zero over Russell islands while escorting 'Val' bombers which were intercepted py P-39s.

1946 - Birth of Patrick Pierre Roger Baudry, French Air Force pilot And CNES astronaut.

1947 - 1st flight of the SNCASO SO-94 'Corse', french low wing twin engine mail and passenger transport aircraft. -

1950 - Death of Vladimir Petrovich Vetchinkin, Soviet scientist in the field of aerodynamics, aeronautics, and wind energy.

1951 - 1st flight of the Fouga CM-88R 'Gémeaux' I, French engine test-bed aircraft, unusual as it was 2 aircrafts joined by a common wing.The V-tails fitted to each fuselage were joined at the top in a W configuration. -

1952 - 1st flight of the North American AJ-2P Savage , Photo Reconnaissance version of the American AJ-2 twin engine carrier-based bomber aircraft.

1960 - Death of Augustus Roy Knabenshue, American aeronautical engineer and aviator, 1st to make a dirigible flight over New York City in 1905. - -

1961 - 1st flight of the Boeing B-52 H Stratofortress, Upgraded version of the american long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber

1963 - 1st flight of the Alpavia Fournier RF-3, French single seat motor glider. -

1964 - 1st flight of The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 ,(NATO reporting name: Foxbat) , soviet supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft

1965 - The 1st nonstop transcontinental helicopter flight across the United States - flown off the deck of the carrier USS Hornet at San Diego, California to the deck of the carrier USS Franklin D. Roosevelt off Jacksonville, Florida - is completed successfully. The U. S. Navy Sikorsky SH-3A Sea King flew 2,116 miles.

1968 - Air France Flight 212 Boeing 707-328C crashed into the northwestern slope of La Soufrière Mountain, in Guadeloupe, killing all 63. Probable cause was a visual approach procedure at night in which the descent was begun from an incorrectly identified point.

1969 - 1st flight of the Hughes 300c, Light utility Helicopter.

1970 - BEA opens its charter service, BEA Airtours

1976 - An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-18E crashed after an electrical power failure occurred, disabling the compass system, two main gyros and autopilot. There were 111 occupants aboard; another 7 people were killed on the ground.

1984 - 1st flight of The Skyship 600, British modern commercial non-rigid Airship.

1986 - Japan Air Lines embarks the world's heaviest man, an 880-lb Austrian flying from Frankfurt, Germany, as a passenger; 16 seats are removed from the cabin to make room for him.

1987 - Death of Charles Gossage Grey, American WWI flying ace -

1993 - Death of Aioi Takahide, Japanese Sino-Japanese war and WWII flying ace.

1994 - Death of Birth of Melvin N. Gough, American test pilot, director of flight research activities at Langley, director of NASA activities at the Atlantic Missile Range and director of the bureau of safety at the Civil Aeronautics Board.

1998 - 1st flight of The Bell Eagle Eye, Model 918, American tiltrotor unmanned aerial vehicle prototype.

2003 - Air Algérie Flight 6289, a Boeing 737-200 (registered 7T-VEZ) on a domestic flight from Tamanrasset to Algiers via Ghardaïa, crashed shortly after take-off from Aguenar – Hadj Bey Akhamok Airport because of an engine failure, killing 96 passengers and all 6 crew members on board

2003 - 1st flight of the Bell/Agusta BA609, civil twin-engined tiltrotor VTOL aircraft with a configuration similar to the Bell/Boeing V-22 Osprey.

2003 - Hooters Air, American airline, begins operations.