On This Day in Aviation History January 6 th

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1745 - Birth of Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, brother of Joseph-Michel, inventors of the montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique. The brothers succeeded in launching the 1 st manned ascent,


1882 - Birth of Jacob Goedecker, German early aircraft designer.


1883 - Birth of William Ellsworth Kepner, US Army, US Army Air Corps, pioneer balloonist and airship pilot. WWII high ranking officer, he flew some missions in Bombers and fighters.


1890 - Birth of Franz Wognar, Austro Hungarian WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Wognar - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/austrhun/wognar.php

1894 - Birth of Cyril Marconi "Billy" Crowe, British WWI flying ace and WWII pilot

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyril_Crowe - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/crowe1.php

1895 - Birth of Vecihi Hürkuş, Turkish early aviator, WWI fighter pilot and aircraft designer, 1st civil aviator in Turkey who also built the 1st airplane in Turkey.


1895 - Birth of Francis Peabody Magoun, Jr, American WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Peabody_Magoun - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/magoun.php

1897 - Birth of George Hatfield Dingley Gossip, Australian WWI flying ace.


1897 - Birth of Joseph Leonard Maries "John" White, Canadian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Leonard_Maries_White - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/white4.php

1898 - Birth of James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer. He was a member of the crew of the Bremen, which made the 1st successful Trans-Atlantic aircraft flight from East to West


1899 - Birth of John Lancashire Barlow , British WWI flying ace

http://www.wivenhoe.gov.uk/History/john_barlow.htm - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/barlow1.php

1900 - Birth of Campbell Mackenzie-Richards, pioneer English aviator, Royal Air Force test pilot, and air race contestant.


1910 - 1st flight of the Sommer No 2, Early french biplane pusher aircraft.

http://www.hydroretro.net/etudegh/aeroplanes-sommer.pdf - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=10029

1911 - 750,000 Indians watch a flying display at Calcutta by french Henri Jullerot in his Military Biplane.


1913 - Birth of Pierre Le Gloan, French WWII flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Le_Gloan - http://cieldegloire.com/004_le_gloan_p.php

1918 - Death of Walter von Bülow-Bothkamp, German WWI flying ace, near Ypres in his Albatros D V.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_von_B%C3%BClow-Bothkamp - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/bulow-bothkamp2.php

1926 - Deutsche Luft Hansa is formed by the merger of Deutsche Aero Lloyd and Junkers Luftverkehr


1927 - Imperial Airways de Havilland DH.66 Hercules lands in Karachi on his way to new-delhi coming from Croydon on a survey flight to India.


1928 - Pilot Lt. Christian Frank Schilt, USMC, lands a Vought O2U-1 Corsair in the street of a Nicaraguan village to rescue wounded officers. Eighteen servicemen are rescued and, for his bravery, Lt. Schilt iss awarded the Medal of Honor.


1931 - Italian General Italo Balbo, leading a formation of 10 Savoia-Marchetti S.55A, arrive at Natal Harbour, Brazil, from Bolama, Portuguese Guinea, ending the transatlantic formation flight in 17 hours 15 minutes.


1933 - Birth of Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, Soviet cosmonaut.


1933 - 1st flight of The Blériot SPAD S.510, last French biplane fighter to be produced.


1936 - 1st flight of The Dewoitine D.513, French monoplane fighter prototype.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.513 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=324

1940 - Finnish Jorma Kalevi Sarvanto takes off with his Fokker D.XXI and downs 6 Ilyushin DB-3s in 5 minutes before running out of ammunitions.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorma_Sarvanto#War_service - http://www.elknet.pl/acestory/sarvan/sarvan.htm

1942 - Wirraways of No. 24 Squadron attempted to intercept Japanese seaplanes flying over New Britain; only one managed to engage an enemy aircraft, marking the 1st air-to-air combat between RAAF and Japanese forces


1944 - Death of Charles Learmonth, Australian WWII bomber pilot, killed in the crash of his Bristol Beaufort during an exercise off Rottnest Island with ships of the US Navy. He had time to comment on radio the problem he had. His action led to ground all beauforts and his supplying of the vital information allowed to identify the problem and eventually solve it.


1944 - 1st flight of the McDonnell XP-67 "Bat" or "Moonbat", American prototype of a twin-engine, long range, single-seat interceptor aircraft.


1945 - Death of Tokushige Yoshizawa, Japanese WWII flying ace, Killed in action.


1946 - Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105 Douglas DC-3-393 crashed in the pre-dawn hours while attempting to make an instrument approach at Birmingham Municipal Airport, Alabama, killing 3 over 19.


1948 - Birth of Guy Spence Gardner, USAF test pilot and NASA astronaut.


1949 - 1st flight of The Nord 1400 Noroit, French reconnaissance and air-sea rescue flying-boat, only one built.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nord_Noroit - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9861

1953 - German airline LuftAG (Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf / Air traffic on demand) is formed.


1954 - RAF Vickers Valetta T3, carrying a RAF Rugby team crashed on to a wooded slope just after take off in bad weather near RAF Bovingdon.


1957 - Birth of Colin Michael Foale, British-American astrophysicist with dual citizenship and NASA astronaut, 1st Briton to perform a space walk


1960 - Death of William Leeming Harrison, Canadian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Leeming_Harrison - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/harrison3.php

1960 – National Airlines Flight 2511 Douglas DC-6B is destroyed in mid-air by a bomb, while en route from New York City to Miami. In the fatalities was Edward Orrick McDonnell, Early american naval aviator, 1st man to fly an airplane off a battleship

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Airlines_Flight_2511 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Orrick_McDonnell

1963 - Birth of Philippe Perrin , French Air Force pilot, test pilot and former CNES and European Space Agency astronaut.


1968 - Patrick Henry Brady, US Army helicopter pilot, volunteered with H-1H ambulance helicopters. Sites were in enemy held territory which were reported to be heavily defended and to be blanketed by fog. Using 3 helicopters in at least 6 missions he rescued a total of 51 seriously wounded men.


1969 - Allegheny Airlines Flight 737 Convair CV-580 crashed while attempting to land in bad weather at Bradford Regional Airport in Bradford, Pennsylvania, killing 11 over 28.


1970 - Birth of David Saint-Jacque, Canadian Astrophysicist/Physician and CSA astronaut.


1971 - Death of Antonio Chiri, Italian WWI fighter ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Chiri - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/italy/chiri.php

1977 - 1st flight of The Hindustan Aeronautics HPT-32 Deepak, Indian prop-driven primary trainer.


1979 - Death of Kenneth Russell Unger, American WWI flying ace, US Airmail pilot, and WWII transport pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_R._Unger - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/unger.php

1982 - 1st cargo flight with payload of the The Myasishchev VM-T Atlant, variant of Myasishchev's M-4 'Molot' bomber (3M) designed as a strategic airlift airplane. The VM-T was modified to carry rocket boosters and the Soviet space shuttles of the Buran program. It is also known as the 3M-T.


1985 - Death of Vladimir Konstantinovich Kokkinaki, test pilot in the Soviet Union, who setted twenty-two world records and served as president of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale


1993 - Lufthansa Cityline Flight 5634 Dash 8-311 entered a high sink rate and crashed into the ground tail first at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, killing 4 over 23.


1996 - Death of Georgi Nefiodovich Zakharov, Soviet flying ace of the Spanish war, Second Sino-Japanese War and WWII, high ranking officer post WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgi_Zakharov - http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/soviet_zakharov.htm

2003 - Launch of Coriolis, US Naval Research Laboratory and Air Force Research Laboratory earth and space observation satellite.


2006 - Death of Hugh Clowers Thompson Jr., US Army helicopter pilot during the Vietnam War, most well known for his role in stopping the My Lai Massacre.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Thompson,_Jr. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Lai_Massacre#Helicopter_intervention