On This Day in Aviation History March 7 th

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1809 - Death of Jean-Pierre Blanchard , aka Jean Pierre François Blanchard, French inventor, most remembered as a pioneer in aviation and ballooning.

1881 - Birth of Rodolfo Verduzio, Italian aeronautical engineer and aviation pioneer.

1886 - Birth of René Thomas, French motor racing champion and pioneer aviator. One of the two 1st pilots (Bertram Dickson) involved in a mid-air collision.

1888 - Birth of Edward Darby, British WWI flying ace -

1889 - Birth of Godfrey DeCourcelles Chevalier, pioneering US Navy aviator.

1890 - Birth of Harry M. Jones, early american aviator who flew the 1st air parcel post flight from Boston to New York.

1901 - Birth of Maryse Hilz (born Marie-Antoinette Hilsz), French pioneering aviatrix and record setter.

1906 - Birth of Ernest Archibald "Ernie" McNab, Canadian WWII fighter pilot, 1st scoring pilot for the RCAF in WWII.

1910 - The Canadan Aerodrome Co.'s Baddeck No. 2 biplane was flown by J.A.D. McCurdy with F.W. Baldwin as passenger at Baddeck, NS.

1915 – 1st British tactical bombing raids in support of ground troops is made in Menin and Courtai.

1916 - Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG (BFW) is founded.

1918 - Death of Alexander Tahy, Austro-Hungarian WWI flying ace, killed in the crash of his Albatros D.III -

1919 - Death of Rupert Norman Gould Atkinson, British WWI flying ace -

1927 - 1st flight of The Westland Wapiti, British two-seat general purpose military single-engined biplane

1932 - 1st flight of the Junkers Ju 52/3m, German 3 engine transport aircraft, also known as Tante Ju—"Auntie Ju" and Eisen Annie—"Iron Annie"

1934 - Juan de la Cierva y Codorníu lands his Autogyro C.30 on the seaplane tender Dedalo, 1st time an autogyro lands on a Spanish ship.

1936 - Birth of Loren Wilber Acton, American physicist who flew on Space Shuttle mission STS-51-F as a Payload Specialist for the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory.

1939 - 1st flight of The SAI-Ambrosini SS.4, Italian fighter prototype which featured a canard-style wing layout and a 'pusher' propeller.

1940 - Birth of Viktor Petrovich Savinykh, russian cosmonaut. Flew as Flight Engineer on Soyuz T-4, Soyuz T-13 and Soyuz TM-5.

1940 - 1st flight of the Kellner-Béchereau E-60, French single seat monoplane fighter trainer prototype. -

1941 - Death of Francis James Davies, British WWI flying ace who also served in WWII -

1942 - 15 Spitfire Mk Vs carrying 90-gallon fuel tanks under their bellies took off from the HMS Eagle off the coast of Algeria on a 600-mile flight to Malta. Those Spitfires V were the 1st to see service outside Britain

1945 - Death of Erich Leie, German WWII fighter ace, colliding with a crashing Russian Yak 9 fighter, he failed to survive a low level bail-out from his Bf 109 G-14/AS.

1945 - 1st flight of the Piasecki XHRP-X (PV-3), prototype of the HRP Rescuer (aka Harp), American tandem-rotor transport or rescue helicopter.

1946 - Taylorcraft Aeroplanes (England) Limited becomes Auster Aircraft Limited.

1948 - Death of Oliver Swann (born Oliver Schwann), leading figure in the Royal Naval Air Service and senior commander in the Royal Air Force during the 1st half of the 20th century.

1949 - Captain William Odom takes off his Beechcraft 35 Bonanza at Honolulu, Hawaii for Nonstop flight attempting to break the world record in Class C-1-c for light aircraft.

1950 - Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 307 Martin 2-0-2 crashed into a house on approach to Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport after first hitting a flagpole, killing all 13 and 2 on ground.

1953 - 1st flight of The Ilyushin Il-40 (NATO reporting name: "Brawny"), two-seat Soviet jet-engined armored ground-attack aircraft.

1956 - Dan Perkins, engineer at Britain's Royal Aircraft Establishment, makes his 1st flight in an inflatable airplane in Bedfordshire, England. It takes 25 minutes to inflate it, using a large domestic vacuum cleaner.

1957 - 1st flight of the Antonov An-10 'Cat', Soviet four-engined turboprop passenger transport aircraft.

1961 - 1st manned aircraft to exceed Mach 4: Flying the X-15, Capt. Robert M. White reached a speed of 2,905 mph which, at the altitude of 77,450 ft, he achieved Mach 4.43.

1962 - Death of James Alpheus "Jimmy" Glen, Canadian WWI fighter ace -

1962 - Launch of OSO-1 (Orbiting Solar Observatory), 1st of 9 American science satellites primarily intended to study the Sun.

1964 - 1st flight of the Hawker Siddeley Kestrel FGA.1 , experimental and development aircraft that led to the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the 1st V/STOL jet fighter-bomber,improved version of the P.1127.

1964 - 1st flight of The Helwan HA-300, supersonic jet fighter aircraft developed in Egypt during the 1960s. It was designed by famous German aircraft engineer Willy Messerschmitt.

1968 - Death of Christopher Joseph Quintin 'Flossie' Brand, South African military commander, WWI Flying ace, raid pilot and WWII high ranking officer. -

1973 - Death of Johann Risztics, Austro-Hungarian WWI flying ace, known with fellow pilots Fredrich Hefty and Ferdinand Udvardy as the Arany Triumviratus (Golden Triumvirate). He also was a Raid Aviator After WWI. -

1973 - Death of Andre Emile Alfons de Meulemeester, Belgian WWI flying ace -

1975 - 1st flight of The Yakovlev Yak-42 (NATO reporting name: Clobber), 100/120-seat three-engined mid-range passenger jet

1984 - Death of Michal Scipio del Campo, Polish early aviator.

1985 - 1st flight of the Sukhoi Su-27UB (T10U-1), Two seat trainer version prototype of the russian twin-engine supermanoeuverable fighter aircraft.

1986 – Divers from the USS Preserver locate the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor. -

1997 - Death of Norman Adrian de Bruyne FRS, British Aircraft engineer, scientist, Industrialist and aircraft designer.

1999 - Indian Air Force Antonov AN-32 crashed into a concrete water tank in the Pappankalan Delhi suburb, located 1,5 miles short of the runway of New Delhi, killing all 18 and 3 on ground.

2003 - 1st flight of The Bombardier Global 5000, ultra long range corporate and VIP high speed jet aircraft, slightly shorter version of the Global Express.

2003 - 1st flight of The HAL HJT-36 Sitara, Indian subsonic intermediate jet trainer aircraft.

2009 - Launch of Kepler, NASA spacecraft equipped with a space observatory designed to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars.