On This Day in Aviation History AUGUST 3 rd

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1861 - John La Mountain becomes the 1st balloonist to use boats for aerial operations in a military conflict. Using the Union tug Fanny, he ascends from its deck to a height of 2,000 ft. to conduct aerial reconnaissance of Confederate forces during America's Civil War.

1867 - Birth of Augustus Moore Herring, American aviation pioneer, who flew a compressed-air powered aircraft in 1898, five years before the Wright Brothers made their own powered flight. It has been claimed that he was the 1st aviator of a motorized heavier-than-air aircraft

1890 - Birth of Richard Williams, Australian WWI Pilot, WWII high ranking officer, Australian director of Civil aviation postwar, 1st military pilot trained in Australia, widely regarded as the "father" of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).

1890 - Birth of Flaminio Avet, Italian WWI flying ace

1890 - Birth of Francis Dominic Casey, Irish WWI flying ace -

1892 - Birth of Hugh Leslie Owen, British WWI flying ace

1896 - Birth of Kenneth William Junor, Canadian WWI flying ace. -

1900 - Birth of Umberto Klinger, Italian aviator.

1904 - In a dirigible named 'California Arrow', Thomas Scott Baldwin carries out the 1st circular flight by an airship in America. Powered by a converted motorcycle engine, it is built and dispatched by Glenn Curtiss.

1912 - Mexican Miguel Lebrija Urtetegui flies at a height of 300 m in a Deperdussin.

1914 - Birth of Pavel Stepanovich Kutakhov, Soviet WWII pilot and later Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Air Forces and Chief Marshal of Aviation.

1921 - Lieutenant John A. Macready of the U.S. Army Air Corps finds a new use for airplanes when he sprays a patch of ground infested with caterpillars. This practice becomes known as crop dusting.

1923 - 1st flight of the Blériot-SPAD S.81-Bis, modification of the prototype S.81 as a racer for the Michelin Cup with shortened wings. -

1928 - 1st flight of the 2nd prototype of the BFW M.20 (Messerschmitt M 20), German single-engine, high-wing monoplane 10-seat passenger transport aircraft, precursor of the commercial version.

1929 - Death of Emile Berliner or Emil Berliner, German-born American inventor, best known for developing the disc record gramophone, he also dedicated himself to improving the technologies of vertical flight.

1930 – The Imperial Japanese Navy practices dive bombing for the 1st time, using fighters to sink the retired protected cruiser Akashi with 4-kg (8.8-lb) practice bombs in Tokyo Bay.

1933 - 1st flight of the Blériot Bl-5190, French transatlantic mail plane, large parasol-wing monoplane flying boat. -

1935 - Birth of Georgi Stepanovich Shonin, Soviet Air Force pilot and Cosmonaut.

1937 - 1st flight of the Air Couzinet 10, French 3 seat Twin engine Highwing Mail plane prototype. -

1938 - 1st flight of The Martin-Baker MB2, British private-venture fighter prototype.

1940 - 1st flight of the Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache, German WWII helicopter, single engine which powered two three-bladed 11.9 meter (39 feet) rotors mounted on twin booms on either side of the 12.2 meter (40 ft) long cylindrical fuselage.

1944 - Death of Jean Maridor, WWII Free french pilot. The V1 he was chasing was falling on a hospital. Too late to perform the usual 'topple' with the wingtip, he had to close to shoot at it. The V1 explosion desintegrated his Spitfire. - -

1945 - 1st flight of The Kyushu J7W1 Shinden, WWII Japanese propeller-driven aircraft prototype that was built in a canard design.

1947 - At the Tushino air parade in Moscow, USSR, newest Soviet jet fighters (Yak-19, La-150, La-156, La-160, Su-9, Su-11) and Bombers Tu-4, Tu-77 are presented.

1950 - USMC air operations over Korea commence, with VMF-214 flying strike missions from USS Sicily

1950 - 1st medical evacuation by helicopter from a Mobil Army Surgery Hospital (MASH) team takes place when an S-51 flies out a casualty from a fire flight along the Pusan Perimeter.

1951 - Birth of Hans Wilhelm Schlegel, German physicist, ESA astronaut and NASA Astronaut.

1951 - 1st flight of The Breguet Br.960 Vultur, French prototype carrier-based attack aircraft with mixed-power design, combining an Armstrong Siddeley Mamba turboprop in the nose with a Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet in the tail.

1953 - 1st flight of The CAC Sabre, sometimes known as the Avon Sabre or CA-27, Australian variant of the North American Aviation F-86F Sabre fighter aircraft.

1954 - 1st flight of The Rolls-Royce Thrust Measuring Rig (TMR), British pioneering vertical take-off and landing aircraft. It used two Nene turbojet engines mounted back-to-back horizontally within a steel framework, raised upon four legs with castors for wheels. The TMR had no lifting surfaces (wings, blades, etc.) and was understandably nicknamed the Flying Bedstead.

1954 - 1st and only seaplane to become supersonic: the Convair XF2Y-1 Sea Dart, American seaplane fighter aircraft prototype that rode on twin hydro-skis for takeoff, exceed Mach 1 in a shallow dive, piloted by Charles E. Richbourg.

1964 - Birth of Joan Elizabeth Higginbotham, American engineer and NASA astronaut.

1971 - Death of Georgy Nikolayevich Babakin, Soviet engineer working in the space program, Chief Designer at the Lavochkin Design Bureau.

1975 - An Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines Boeing 707-321B chartered by Royal Air Maroc crashed into a mountain while preparing to land at Agadir-Inezgane Airport. All 188 passengers and crew on board were killed.

1975 - Death of Karel Jan Bossart, Belgian-American pioneering rocket designer and creator of the Atlas ICBM..

1981 - Death of Fritz John Jacobsen, German WWI flying ace. -

1981 - Launch of Dynamics Explorer 1 and 2, NASA mission consisting of 2 unmanned satellites, DE-1 and DE-2, whose purpose were to investigate the interractions between plasmas in the magnetosphere and those in the ionosphere.

1986 - Death of Beryl Markham, British-born Kenyan aviatrix, adventurer, and racehorse trainer. 1st person to fly solo across the Atlantic from east to west.

1989 - Olympic Aviation Flight 545 short 330-200 crashed into a cloud-shrouded Mount Kerkis on Samos due to the pilots using Visual Flight Rules in Instrumental Flight Rules conditions, killing all 34.

1995 - Taliban Air Force MiG-21 aircraft forced a Russian Ilyushin Il-76 to land at Kandahar.The men were held prisoner for one year before making their escape; after overpowering their captors they re-possessed their aircraft, flying it to freedom.

1995 - Death of Clennell Haggerston "Punch" Dickins, pioneering Canadian aviator and bush pilot. Northern Indians called him "Snow Eagle;" northern whites called him "White Eagle;" while the press dubbed him the "Flying Knight of the Northland."

2003 - The 13th FAI World Rally Flying Championship in Rustenburg , South Africa , is won by south africans Nigel Hopkins and Dale de Klerk

2004 - Launch of The MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging (MESSENGER), US probe to study the chemical composition, geology, and the magnetic field of Mercury.

2005 - Stephen Kern Robinson, American astronaut becomes the 1st human to perform an in-flight repair during STS-114 mission to a Shuttle's exterior. Robinson was sent to remove two protruding gap fillers on Discovery's heat shield, after engineers determined they might pose a danger upon re-entry -

2007 - 1st flight of the Northrop Grumman E-2D Advanced Hawkeye, Development prototype version of advanced technology of the American twin-turboprop all-weather, aircraft carrier-capable tactical airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft

2010 - Katekavia Flight 9357, operated by an Antonov An-24, crashed on approach to Igarka Airport, Russia. Seven people were killed. The aircraft was on a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Krasnoyarsk Airport.