On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 3 rd

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1886 - Birth of Francis Thomas Evans, Sr, one of the earliest USMC aviators, 1st person to perform a loop in seaplane, and a pioneer of stall and spin recovery techniques.


1891 - Birth of Federico Fenu, Italian balloonist.


1891 - Birth of Franklin Geoffrey Saunders, Welsh WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Saunders - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/wales/saunders2.php

1910 - Igor Sikorsky makes a 12-second 1st flight of some 200 meters at a height of 1.5m with his Sikorsky S-2 (B.I.S.I or S-1 rebuilt), biplane in a tractor configuration.


1910 - 1st flight of the British Army's 'Beta 1' airship, 1st British airship to be fitted with wireless telegraphy (WT) and 1st non-rigid airship to be moored by a mast.


1918 – The Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI type L, 4-engined German biplane strategic bomber, modified as a float-equipped seaplane for the Marine-Fliegerabteilung (Imperial German Naval Air Service) using Maybach engines, crashes during testing .


1918 - Death of Xavier Jean-Marie Louis Moissinac, French WWI flying ace, killed in action.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xavier_Moissinac - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/moissinac.php

1924 - 1st flight of The Vickers Type 94 Venture, British army co-operation biplane, development of the Vickers Vixen.


1925 - 1st flight of the Goodyear Airship 'Pilgrim' at Akron, Ohio, with pilot Jack Yolton. Small civil airship that was used to demonstrate the value of lighter-than-air flight and to train future airship pilots. 1st ever designed for inflation with helium.


1928 - Arturo Ferrarin and Carlo del Prete lands their Savoia-Marchetti S.64 breaking 3 world records after making 51 round trips between Torre Flavia (in Ladispoli) and Anzio. They had covered 7,666 km (4,791 mi) – a new world distance record over a closed circuit – and stayed aloft for 58 hours 34 minutes – a new world endurance record. Moreover, they also set the world record for top speed over a distance of 5,000 km (3,110 mi) of 139 km/h (87 mph).


1928 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D.27, french parasol monoplane fighter aircraft

http://www.aviastar.org/air/france/dewoitine_d-27.php - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=327

1932 - 1st flight of The RWD-6, Polish Two-seater sport and touring strutted high-wing monoplane of a mixed construction, designed specially for the purpose of competing in the international tourist aircraft contest Challenges.


1936 - Death of Godwin Brumowski, most successful fighter ace of the Austro-Hungarian Air Force during WWI, while instructing a student at Schipol Airfield, in Holland.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Godwin_Brumowski - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/austrhun/brumowski.php

1936 - Death of Walther Wever, pre-WWII Luftwaffe Commander. His Heinkel He 70 Blitz that he was flying had not been properly examined during preflight checks, and the aileron gust locks were not removed. The aircraft was airborne when the wing dipped, and the Heinkel stalled and went into a horizontal cartwheel (apparently akin to a ground loop, but at low altitude instead). It crashed and exploded in flames


1937 – Spanish Nationalist commander General Emilio Mola dies when his plane crashes on the hill of Alcocero de Mola, near Burgos.


1937 - Ira Clarence Eaker takes off for the 1st blind (instruments only) transcontinental flight from New York to Los Angeles.


1940 - The Cuban Academia Nacional de Aviación Civil y Reserva Aérea (ANACRA) is created.


1941 - RCAF 405 Squadron Wellington bombers made the 1st raid on Germany.


1942 – In an effort to decoy U.S. forces away from planned Japanese landings on Midway Atoll and to cover planned Japanese landings on Attu and Kiska, aircraft from the carriers Junyo and Ryujo strike Dutch Harbor in the Aleutian Islands. Although only 12 planes, all from Ryujo, manage to reach Dutch Harbor, they inflict considerable damage.


1942 - Operation Style : 32 Spitfires Mk VcT are flown off HMS Eagle bound for Malta. 28 of them arrived safely, with the other 4 being shot down en route.


1942 - 1st attack on a surfaced submarine at night using a Leigh Light (powerful 22 million candela carbon arc searchlight of 24 inches (610 mm) diameter) is carried out by a Vickers Wellington of No.172 Squadron, RAF Coastal Command, flown by Squadron Leader J.H. Greswell. The target is the Italian Navy Marconi Class submarine Luigi Torelli. Believing the aircraft to be friendly. The Wellington drops four Mk8 depth charges, damaging the submarine.


1944 - F/L RE McBride and crew in a Consolidated Canso of No. 162 Squadron sank the German submarine U-477 north of the Shetland Isles.


1946 - Henry A. Johnson sets a Speed record over a closed circuit of 1 000 km without payload at 463 mph (745.08 km/h) with a Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star jet


1949 – The sole Sukhoi Su-15 (Aircraft P), Soviet twin-engined jet all-weather interceptor prototype, develops severe vibration during 39th test flight, breaks up in mid-air forcing pilot S. N. Anokhin to eject. Project is abandoned.


1949 - 1st flight of The Lockheed XF-90, American long-range penetration jet fighter and bomber escort prototype.


1950 - 1st flight of the Republic F-84F Thunderstreak (Prototype designed YF-96A), American-built swept-wing turbojet fighter-bomber.


1953 - 1st flight of The Saab 29 Model S29C reconnaissance version of the popularly called Flygande tunnan ("The Flying Barrel") Swedish fighter.


1954 - A Sabena Douglas C-47A-1-DK is attacked by Yugoslavian Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15s near Maribor (Slovenia). The crew carried out a forced landing at Thalerhof, Austria where it ran off the runway into rough ground, killing one over 4.


1962 - Air France Flight 007, a 707-300, crashed while attempting to takeoff from Paris's Orly Airport.


1962 - 1st flight of the Scintex ML 250 'Rubis', French 4 seat civil utility aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scintex_Rubis - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9905

1963 - A Northwest Orient Airlines DC-7C on Military Air Transport Service from Tacoma, Washington, to Anchorage, Alaska, crashed into the Pacific near Annette Island, Alaska, with the loss of all 101 people aboard. The cause of the crash remains unknown.


1964 - Jacqueline Cochran sets a jet speed record over a closed circuit of 500 km without payloadwith with a Lockheed F-104 Starfighter at 1,135 mph (1 814.37 km/h) over a 500-kilometer course at Edwards AFB, California


1965 – Launch of Gemini 4, the 1st multi-day space mission by a NASA crew. Crew-member Ed White performs the 1st American spacewalk.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_4 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Higgins_White

1965 - Death of Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen, Norwegian aviation pioneer, polar explorer and businessman. Among his achievements, he is generally regarded as the founder of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.


1966 - A Hawker Siddeley Trident 1C entered a deep stall from which the crew were unable to recover. The aircraft crashed at Felthorpe, Norfolk killing all four crew. This was the 1st loss of a Trident aircraft.


1966 - Launch of Gemini 9A (officially Gemini IX-A), NASA manned spaceflight.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_9A - http://www.astronautix.com/thisday/june03.htm

1967 - Air Ferry Ltd Douglas C-54A Skymaster operating a non-scheduled passenger flight from Manston to Perpignan in France struck the Canigou mountain at 4,000 feet while in the descent, killing all 88 occupants (five crew and 83 passengers).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_Ferry_Limited#Accidents_and_incidents - http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670603-1

1969 - 1st flight of An airworthy Vickers Vimy replica (British WWI heavy bomber aircraft) built by the Vintage Aircraft Flying Association at Brooklands


1973 - 1st crash of a supersonic transport aircraft occurs as a Tupolev Tu-144 broke up during a demonstration flight at the Paris Air Show, killing soviet test pilot Vladimir Nikolayevich Benderov.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1973_Paris_Air_Show_crash - http://www.astronautix.com/astros/benderov.htm

1974 - 1st flight of The Berger BX-110, prototype light helicopter built in Switzerland


1974 - Death of George Buchanan Foster, Canadian WWI flying ace and member of the Legislative Council of Quebec.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Buchanan_Foster - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/foster1.php

1975 - 1st flight of The Mitsubishi F-1, Japan's 1st post-WWII domestically developed jet fighter, and 1st fighter to enter production in Japan since the end of WWII.


1977 - Death of Aleksandr Ivanovich Lysenko, Soviet test pilot, in the crash of his Mig-23.


1979 - 1st flight of The PZL Kania (Kitty Hawk), Polish small, lightly armored transport helicopter (follow-up to the Mil Mi-2 helicopter)


1980 - Soyuz 35, Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station returns on earth.


2003 - Final round trip from New york for Air France's Concorde bringing back airline staff and long-time employees in the airline's Concorde operations


2006 - Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force KJ-200 crashed in Guangde County in the Anhui province in the People's Republic of China. All 40 people on board were killed.


2007 - Paramount Airlines Mil Mi-8 helicopter crashed near Lungi International Airport in Sierra Leone, killing all 22 over 23.


2011 – An American unmanned aerial vehicle strike in South Waziristan, Pakistan, killing Ilyas Kashmiri, a senior al-Qaeda member and leader of the Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami.


2012 - Dana Air flight 992 McDonnell Douglas MD-83 crashes into a building on approach at Lagos, Nigeria after hitting an electric line, killing all on board.