On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 22nd

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1771 - Birth of Pasquale Andreoli, Italian Balloonist and aviation pioneer.

1882 - Birth of Adorno Enrico Cammarota, Italian engineer and early aviator.

1890 - Birth of Richard Runge, German WWI flying ace.

1891 - Birth of Horace Dale Barton, South african WWI fighter ace and WWII intelligence officer for the South African Air Force -

1893 - Birth of Raymond 'Collie' Collishaw, RAF distinguished Canadian WWI fighter ace, squadron leader, and commanding officer who served in the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and later the Royal Air Force. He was the highest scoring RNAS flying ace and the second highest scoring Canadian pilot of WWI and also served during WWII. -

1895 - Birth of Vincent Justus Burnelli, American aeronautics engineer, instrumental in furthering the lifting body and flying wing concept.

1896 - Birth of George Jones, Australian WWI flying ace and RAAF high ranking officer during and post WWII. -

1898 - Birth of Wiley Hardeman Post, famed American aviator, 1st pilot to fly solo around the world.

1906 - Birth of Albert Boyd, pioneering USAF test pilot who logged more than 23,000 hours of flight time in 723 military aircrafts. He flew every aircraft type operated by the USAF, including attack, cargo, trainer, fighter, experimental, bomber, mission trainer, liaison, observation, and general aviation planes and helicopters.

1908 - Birth of Gerhard Zucker, German businessman and rocket engineer, Mail rocket pioneer

1909 - Birth of Mikhail Leontyevich Mil, Soviet aerospace engineer, founder of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant.

1912 - Birth of Hans Zacher, German engineer who brought many new ideas in the soaring for development of standards to determine flight characteristics. His greatest achievement is the Zacher Protocol.

1913 - Birth of Erich Klöckner, german aviation pioneer and test pilot.

1913 - Captain C.A.H. Longcroft of No.2 Squadron flies non-stop between Montrose, Portsmouth and Farnborough in a Royal Aircraft Factory BE2. His flight covers a distance of 445 miles in a time of 7 hours 20 minutes

1914 - Birth of Rafael Magriña Vidal, Spanish Republican flying ace of the civil war.

1914 - Birth of Peter Wooldridge Townsend, RAF WWII Pilot and author also known for his ill-fated romance with Princess Margaret. -

1916 - Death of Stefan Kirmaier, German WWI flying ace, Killed in action in his Albatros D.II by D.H.2s. -

1916 - Death of George White, English businessman and stockbroker who formed, with his brother Samuel, the Bristol Aeroplane Company.,_1st_Baronet

1916 - 1st flight of The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5, Famous WWI British biplane fighter aircraft.

1917 - 1st US naval aviation crash landing on a combat patrol in Europe : A Tellier seaplane flown by Ensign Kenneth R. Smith, is forced down at sea on his flight out of Naval Air Station LeCroisic at the mouth of the Loire River while investigating a report of German submarines south of Belle Isle.

1918 - Death of Stearne Tighe Edwards, Canadian WWI fighter ace. Killed from injuries after a crash. -

1925 - Birth of Geraldine "Jerrie" Fredritz Mock, American aviatrix and record setter, 1st woman to fly solo around the world.

1930 - Birth of Owen Kay Garriott, Ph.D., American scientist and NASA astronaut.

1935 – The 'China Clipper', a Martin M-130 four-engine flying boat takes off from Alameda, California for the 1st airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean to Manila.

1941 - Death of Werner Mölders, German WWII and Spanish Civil War fighter ace, 1st pilot in aviation history to claim 100 aerial victories. Killed in the crash of a Heinkel 111 in which he was passenger, Attempting to land at Breslau during a thunderstorm. -

1942 - Birth of Guion Stewart “Guy” Bluford, Jr., American engineer, USAF pilot and NASA Astronaut, 1st African American and 2nd person of African ancestry in space.

1946 - 1st flight of The Martin 2-0-2, twin-engined piston airliner, one of the 1st modern ones. -

1955 - 1st Soviet "true" (staged) hydrogen bomb, RDS-37, is air dropped at Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan from a Tupolev Tu-16.

1961 - Lieutenant Colonel R.B. Robinson with a McDonnell Douglas F4H-1F Phantom II reaches a speed record of 2585km/h (2.11 Mach / 1606 mph)

1967 - Death of Ivan Wilmot Frank Agabeg, British WWI flying ace

1969 - Death of Otto Walter Höhne, German WWI flying ace, 1st pilot to score a victory while flying the Fokker D.I.. He also served in WWII. -

1969 - Launch of Skynet 1A, British military satellite to provide strategic communication services to the three branches of the British Armed Forces and to NATO forces engaged on coalition tasks.

1972 - 1st loss of a Boeing B-52D Stratofortress in the Vietnam War, hit by a surface-to-air missile (SAM) while on a raid over Vinh.

1977 - Concorde begins Scheduled service from Paris and London to New York’s John F. Kennedy Airport.

1980 - Nasa Space probe Voyager 1 makes its closest approach within 124,000 kilometers (77,000 mi) of Saturn's cloud-tops.

1982 - Death of Jean Gardner Batten, New Zealand aviatrix who setted many record-breaking solo flights across the world.

1984 - British Julian Nott takes off in his pressurised ULD1 balloon in an attempt to break world records for altitude, distance and endurance

1994 - 1st flight of The Mcdonnell Douglas MD 600N, american light utility civilian helicopter, stretched eight-seat development of the five-seat MD 520N helicopter.

1994 - TWA Flight 427 McDonnell Douglas MD-82 departing Lambert-St. Louis International Airport in Bridgeton, Missouri struck a Cessna 441 On the takeoff roll, killing its pilot and passenger. No one was hurt on the MD-82.

2003 - Shortly after takeoff from Baghdad, Iraq, an Airbus A300B4-203F cargo plane owned by European Air Transport (doing business as DHL Express) was struck on the left wing tip by a 9K34 Strela-3 (SA-14 Gremlin) surface-to-air missile. Returning to Baghdad, the three-man crew made an injury-free landing of the crippled aircraft, using differential engine thrust as the only pilot input. -