On This Day in Aviation History January 16 th

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1866 - Birth of Percy Sinclair Pilcher, British inventor and pioneer aviator, foremost experimenter in unpowered flight.


1886 - Birth of Reinhold Platz, German aircraft designer and manufacturer in service of the Dutch company Fokker.


1888 - Birth of Alfred William Saunders, Irish WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_William_Saunders - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/ireland/saunders1.php

1894 - Birth of Konrad Mettlich, German WWI flying ace.


1900 - Birth of Giovanni Monti, italian soccer player and aviator.


1910 - Birth of David McCampbell, American WWII fighter pilot, US Navy all-time leading ace.


1911 - Birth of Major Floyd Bruce Parks, WWII USMC Pilot.


1913 - Death of Thaddeus Sobieski Coulincourt Lowe, also known as Professor T. S. C. Lowe, American Civil War aeronaut.


1918 - Death of Harold W. Blakely, early american aviator, at Central Park, L. I., while making a trial flight in a Curtiss Model V fitted with the 1st 12-cylinder Liberty engine installed.


1922 - Death of Alan John Lance Scott, New Zealand WWI flying ace. He has been Winston Churchill's flying instructor.


1925 - Birth of James Robinson "Robbie" Risner, American Flying ace during the Korean and Vietnam Wars.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Robinson_Risner - http://www.cieldegloire.com/014_risner_r.php

1926 - Death of Jean Georges Bouyer, French WWI flying ace, in the crash of his Hanriot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_G._Bouyer - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/bouyer.php

1929 - Lady Mary Bailey complete her return flight from Cape Town to London in her de Havilland DH60 Moth.


1933 - Jean Mermoz and crew make a non-stop flight from Senegal to Argentina, across South Atlantic, in 17 hours 27 minutes with the Couzinet 70 Arc-en-ciel III.


1934 - 1st flight of The Northrop XFT, American prototype fighter aircraft, single engined low-winged monoplane, designed and built to meet a United States Navy order for an advanced carrier based fighter.


1936 - Death of James "Jimmy" Armand Meissner, American WWI flying ace who organized the Birmingham Flying Club, nicknamed the "Birmingham Escadrille", which became Alabama's 1st Air National Guard unit and the 7th in the USA.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Meissner - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/meissner.php

1941 - The Luftwaffe mounts its 1st heavy attack on Malta, targeted on the carrier HMS Illustrious.


1942 – TWA Flight 3 Douglas DC-3-382 slammed into a sheer cliff on Potosi Mountain, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.


1946 - Birth of Michael Lloyd Coats, USN Pilot, engineer and NASA astronaut,


1948 - Birth of Anatoly Yakovlevich Solovyev,Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.


1952 - Birth of Lloyd Blaine Hammond, Jr.,Gulfstream test pilot, USAF officer, and NASA astronaut


1955 - Birth of Jerry Michael Linenger, USN Officer and NASA astronaut.


1957 - Operation Power Flite, USAF mission, five B-52B aircraft of the 93rd Bombardment Wing of the 15th Air Force took off from Castle Air Force Base in California with two of the planes flying as spares to demonstrate that the USA had the ability to drop a hydrogen bomb anywhere in the world.


1962 - 1st flight of The Fuji KM-2, Japanese propeller-driven light aircraft, developed by Fuji Heavy Industries from the Beech T-34.


1963 - Yvonne Pope becomes the 1st UK woman airline pilot to fly international routes, flying from Gatwick to Dusseldorf for Morton Air Service


1969 - Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 docked, 1st-ever docking of two manned spacecraft of any nation, and the 1st-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another of any nation,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_4 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_5

1972 - Death of Reed McKinley Chambers, American WWI flying ace who founded Florida Airways, which received the 1st private air mail contract awarded by the U.S. Government. He also gounded the US Aircraft Insurance Group, US 1st aviation insurance company.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reed_Chambers - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/chambers2.php

1975 - USAF sets new climb-time records with a stripped and unpainted McDonnell Douglas F-15A Streak Eagle aircraft, operating from Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota. The Streak Eagle reaches a height of 3,000 m (9,843 ft.) in 27.57 sec., 6,000 m (19,685 ft.) in 39.33 sec., 9,000 m (929,528 ft.) in 48.86 sec., 12,000 m (39,370 ft.) in 59.38 sec. and 15,000 m (42,2132 ft.) in 1 min. 17.02 sec


1978 - Soyuz 26, Soviet manned mission, used to launch the crew of Salyut 6 EO-1, 1st long duration crew on the space station Salyut 6., is back on earth.


1979 - Death of Squadron Commander Christopher Draper, English flying ace of WWI. His penchant for flying under bridges earned him the nickname "the Mad Major."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Draper- http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/draper.php

1980 - Air UK starts operations after merging British Island Airways and Air Anglia.


1981 - Death of Leo C. Young, American radio engineer who had many accomplishments during a long career at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. Although self-educated, he was a member of a small, creative team that is generally credited with developing the world's first true radar system.


1984 - Death of Kenneth A. Arnold, American aviator and businessman. He is best-known for making what is generally considered the 1st widely reported unidentified flying object sighting in the United States, after claiming to have seen nine unusual objects flying in a chain near Mount Rainier, Washington


1992 - 1st flight of The Harbin Z-9B 'Haitun', Chinese military utility helicopter, license-built version of the French Eurocopter Dauphin,


1995 - Death of Percival Hopkins Spencer, American inventor, aviation pioneer, test pilot and businessman.


2001 - Shenzhou 2, 2nd chinese unmanned Shenzhou spacecraft, is back on earth


2001 - Death of Constantin Balta, Romanian WWII flying ace, Post War high ranking officer before entering the Civil Aviation General Authority.

http://www.worldwar2.ro/arr/p018.htm - http://cieldegloire.com/012_balta_c.php

2002 - Death of Robert Hanbury Brown, British astronomer and physicist who made notable contributions to the development of radar and he later conducted pioneering work in the field of radio astronomy.


2003 - Launch of STS-107, Last flight of Space Shuttle Columbia which will disintegrate during re-entry .