On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 6th

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1887 - Birth of Vivian Claude Walsh, New Zealand pioneer aviator, 1st man to fly in new-zealand, founder with his brother Austin Leonard Walsh of the New Zealand Flying School

1895 - Birth of Maurice Albert Rousselle, French WWI flying ace. -

1897 - Birth of Geoffrey Arthur Henzell Pidcock, British WWI flying ace and RAF high ranking officer. -

1900 - Birth of Pavel Fedorovich Zhigarev, commander of the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) and later Chief Marshal of Aviation.

1909 - 1st flight of the Letord & Niepce Monoplan, Early french experimental monoplane aircraft.

1917 - Death of Rudolf Szepessy-Sokoll Freiherr von Negyes et Reno, Austro Hugarian WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Albatros D.III by a SPAD VII. He is believed to have conducted the 1st strategic bombing mission. -

1917 - Italian WWI flying ace Giorgio Pessi scores 4 victories on that day with his SPAD VII (one unconfirmed).

1918 - Robert Hutchings Goddard demonstrates his rocket to the U.S. Army Signal Corps at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

1918 - Death of Alan Arnett McLeod, Canadian WWI pilot, recipient of the Victoria Cross.

1922 - 1st flight of The Dornier Do J Wal, twin-engine German flying boat .

1922 - 1st flight of the Bristol Bullfinch (Type 52 MKI), British Fighter/Reconnaissance single seat monoplane prototype aircraft.

1923 - 1st flight of The Blériot-SPAD S.61/1, French biplane fighter aircraft. -

1929 - 1st flight of The Junkers G.38, large German four-engined transport aircraft prototype, featuring a blended wing design which provided access to all four power plants. It was also licenced built in Japan as the Mitsubishi Ki-20. -

1929 - Death of Bruno Rodschinka, German aviator, while trying an emergency landing with a Luft Hansa Junkers G31 in england, Killing 7 on board. Only survivor was record-breaking aviator and motor racing driver George Pearson Glen Kidston. -

1932 - 1st flight of the TsAGI A-4, Russian Autogyro for use as military trainer and observation machine.

1935 - 1st flight of The Hawker Hurricane, famous British single-seat fighter aircraft.

1940 - 1st fligth of The Nikitin-Schyevchyenko IS, (Istrebitel Skladnoi – folding fighter), Soviet single seat polymorphic fighter

1942 - 1st flight of The Heinkel He 219 Uhu, German twin engine night fighter. It possessed a variety of innovations, including an advanced VHF-band intercept radar. It was also the 1st operational military aircraft in the world to be equipped with ejection seats, and the 1st operational German WWII-era aircraft with tricycle landing gear.

1944 - Death of Kiichi Nagano, Japanese WWII fighter ace, killed in action near Taiwan. -

1945 - 1st flight of the SNCASO SO-30R, French twin engine low wing monoplane transport prototype aircraft.

1945 - A Ryan FR Fireball, designed to utilize its piston engine during takeoff and landing, had a piston engine failure on final approach. U.S. Navy Ensign Jake West started the jet engine, performing the 1st jet-powered carrier landing aboard USS Wake Island (CVE-65), albeit unintentionally.

1956 - Operation Musketeer: following air strikes against Egyptian positions on the selected landing beaches and a short but intense naval bombardment, British Army, Royal Marine and French Army units mount an amphibious assault on Port Said. During operations to secure the town, British and French ground forces receive extensive air support from Royal Air Force (RAF), Fleet Air Arm and Aeronavale fighter-bombers.

1957 - 1st flight of The Fairey Rotodyne (as helicopter), British compound gyroplane designed and built for commercial and military applications.

1957 - Bristol Aeroplane Company Bristol Britannia Type 301, British medium-to-long-range airliner, crashed in woods near Overndale Road in Downend Village, near Bristol, England, on its landing approach at Filton airport during a test flight killing all 15.

1961 - Death of André Julien Chainat, French WWI flying ace. -

1965 - Birth of Maurizio De Rinaldis, Italian Air force pilot and chief of the aerobatic team 'Frecce tricolori'

1966 - Launch of Lunar Orbiter 2, NASA spacecraft designed primarily to photograph smooth areas of the lunar surface for selection and verification of safe landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo missions.

1967 - Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 159 Boeing 707-131 crashed after an aborted takeoff from Cincinnati after the aircraft had collided with a disabled DC-9 on the runway, Killing one over 36.

1974 - Luna 23, Soviet Moon lander mission which was intended to return a lunar sample to Earth, is Damaged during landing in Mare Crisium (Sea of Crises), The sample collecting apparatus could not operate. Scientists devised a makeshift plan to conduct a limited science exploration program with the stationary lander. Contact was lost 3 days later.

1976 - Death of Hans Waldhausen, German WWI flying ace. -

1980 - 1st flight of Solar Challenger, American solar-powered electric aircraft, improvement on the Gossamer Penguin, powered entirely by the photovoltaic cells on its wing and stabilizer, without even reserve batteries, 1st such craft capable of long-distance flight.

1985 - STS-61-A is back on earth, last succesful mission of space shuttle Challenger.

1986 - Sumburgh disaster, a British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashes in the Shetland Isles, killing 45 people.

1995 - 1st flight of The McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Systems MD 600N, American light utility civilian helicopter, stretched eight-seat development of the five-seat MD 520N helicopter.

2002 - Luxair Flight 9642 Fokker F50 crashed and burned on final approach to Luxembourg-Findel International Airport about 6 nautical miles (11 km) short of the runway while trying to land in the fog, killing 20 over 22.

2002 - National Airlines (Las Vegas based low fare airline, 3rd of the name in the US) permanently ceases operations.