On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 20 th

Jump to September =>(01 - 02 - 03 - 04 - 05 - 06 - 07 - 08 - 09 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30)

1874 - Jean-Marie Félix du Temple de la Croix (aka Félix du Temple) builds a steam-powered monoplane which achieves a short hop after gaining speed by rolling down a ramp. It carries a human passenger whose identity is no longer known. -

1886 - Birth of Amyas Eden Borton, British WWI pilot, Raid pilot and Air Officer Commanding the RAF's Inland Area before WWII.

1894 - Birth of Charles Edward Murray Pickthorn, British WWI flying ace, noted for downing an Albatros D.I, resulting in the capture of Crown Prince Frederich of Prussia. -

1895 - Birth of Joseph Frank "Fritz" Wehner, American WWI flying ace. -

1902 - The Wright brothers make the 1st of nearly 1,000 glides on their modified No. 3 glider in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina. It is this glider, made of spruce wood and cloth, which incorporates for the 1st time the flight controls of the modern airplane.

1904 - Wilbur Wright with the Flyer II flew the 1st complete circle in history by a manned heavier-than-air powered machine, covering 4,080 feet (1,244 m) in about a minute and a half.

1905 - Birth of Walter Grabmann, Spanish war and WWII German flying ace

1908 - 1st flight of the DUNNE D.3, British biplane hang glider which was to test features of the D4 powered aircraft.

1913 - The Daily Mail Aerial Derby is won by Gustav Hamel over a course of 95 miles.

1916 - The sole Sage Type 2, prototype British two-seat fighter aircraft, crash-landed during a test flight at Cranwell after the rudder post gave way. No further development was carried out.

1920 - The Schneider Trophy race is flown at Venice, Italy. Lt. Luigi Bolgna in a Savoia S.12 is the only starter and reach a Speed of 172.6 km/h (107.3 mph). -

1926 - Death of Paul Turck, German WWI flying ace

1936 - A. B. Yumashev sets a record flight with a 12,000 kilograms (26,000 lb) payload to 2,700 metres (8,900 ft) with a Tupolev TB-3 (ANT-6).

1939 - 1st RAF aerial victory of WWII. A Messerschmitt Bf 109 is shot down by a Fairey Battle gunner Sgt. F. Letchard of No.88 Squadron during a patrol near Aachen. -

1942 - 1st flight of The FFVS J 22, swedish single-engine fighter aircraft developed during WWII.

1943 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH.100 Vampire, British jet-engine fighter.

1943 - 1st flight of The Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer, WWII and Korean War era patrol bomber of the US Navy derived from the Consolidated B-24 Liberator.

1945 - An experimental Gloster Meteor with Rolls-Royce Trent engines makes the 1st turboprop-powered flight. -

1947 - 1st flight of the Seibel S-3, American helicopter prototype with a two-bladed rotor system and a simplified transmission.

1949 - 1st flight of the Blackburn B-54 (YA.7), British prototype carrier-borne Anti-submarine warfare aircraft.

1951 - 1st flight of The Grumman F9F/F-9 Cougar, America aircraft carrier-based fighter aircraft for the US Navy, based on the earlier Grumman F9F Panther.

1951 - 1st successful recovery of animals from a rocket flight. An instrumented monkey (Yorick aka Albert VI) and 11 mice survived an Aerobee flight to an altitude of 70.8 km from Holloman AFB. -

1952 - Pilot Officer Jean Lennox Bird of the Women's Royal Air Force (WRAF) Volunteer Reserve is The 1st woman to receive Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot's wings,

1955 - 1st flight of The Nord 1500 Griffon I, French experimental ramjet-powered fighter aircraft.

1958 - Rolls-Royce test pilot, Mr. K.R. Sturt, flying the prototype Avro Vulcan VX770 in an airshow at RAF Syerston pulls up too hard after a high-speed flyby and exceeds the airframe's structural limits, collapsing the plane's right wing. The craft spirals out of control and crashes, killing the entire aircrew and 3 people on the ground.

1959 - Death of Mario Stoppani, Italian WWI flying ace and record breaker. -

1960 - Birth of James Anthony "Jim" Pawelczyk, American researcher of physiology and Kinesiology, and NASA astronaut.

1966 - Launch of Surveyor 2, 2nd lunar lander in the unmanned American Surveyor program to explore the Moon.

1969 – An Air Vietnam Douglas C-54D-10-DC Skymaster collided on approach to landing with an American USAF McDonnell F-4 Phantom II near Da Nang, Vietnam. 77 died.

1970 - Luna 16, Soviet unmanned space probe, lands on the Moon.

1971 - 1st hovering flight of The VFW VAK 191B, experimental German VTOL nuclear strike fighter prototype.

1973 - Musicians Jim Croce and Maury Muehleisen are killed in a Beechcraft E18S which collided with a tree at the end of the runway of Natchitoches Regional Airport. -

1981 - The People's Republic of China launches 3 satellites into orbit with a single-booster rocket, making this is the 1st multiple launch achieved by China

1989 - USAir Flight 5050 Boeing 737-401 aborts a takeoff in New York and slides into the East River. Two people are killed.

1992 - Space Shuttle Endeavour mission STS-47 is back on earth.

1993 - Death of Erich 'Bubi' Hartmann, WWII German fighter ace, highest-scoring fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare. 352 aerial victories (of which 345 were won against the Soviet Air Force, and 260 of which were fighters) in 1,404 combat missions -

1994 - STS-64, Space Shuttle Discovery mission, is back on earth.

2000 - Death of Gherman Stepanovich Titov, Soviet air force pilot and cosmonaut.

2006 - Death of Dean Everett Wooldridge, American engineer in the aerospace industry.

2006 - 1st flight of the Boeing A/MH-6X Mission Enhanced Little Bird (MELB), American light helicopter gunship , enhhanced version of the ULB version.