On This Day in Aviation History March 1 st

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1885 - Birth of Otto Erich Lindpaintner, German Aviation Pioneer and racing driver.

1887 - Birth of Pavel Vladimirovich Argeyev, Russian WWI fighter ace and test pilot. -

1888 - Birth of Robert Petschow, german balloonist.

1891 - Birth of Chester Stairs Duffus, Canadian WWI flying ace -

1892 - Birth of Roy Cecil Phillipps, Australian WWI fighter ace and RAAF Intructor in WWII -

1894 - Birth of Leonida Schiona, Italian aviator, WWI fighter pilot, Intsructor, airliner pilot who also served in WWII and who founded the Society for the Civil Air Navigation Transadriatica.

1895 - Birth of Godfrey Bremridge, British WWI flying ace and RAF instructor in WWII. -

1896 - Birth of Dan Able Kimball, American WWI pilot, executive of the rocket engine producer Aerojet Engineering Company and U.S. Secretary of the Navy.

1898 - Birth of Stanton William Bunting, british WWI fighter ace.

1898 - Birth of Hugh Granville 'Child pilot' White , British Royal Flying Corps WWI fighter ace. -

1902 - Birth of Carlos de Haya González de Ubieta, Spanish Aviator.

1910 - Birth of Roberto Fassi, Spanish war and WWII italian flying ace.

1912 - Birth of Paolo Arcangeletti, Spanish war and WWII italian flying ace.

1912- Capt. Albert Berry makes the 1st parachute descent from a powered airplane in America when he jumps from a Benoist pusher biplane aircraft that is being flown by the company pilot, Anthony Jannus. The aircraft is flying at a height of 1,500 ft. over Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, Missouri, and Berry uses a static line parachute. -

1912 - Birth of Boris Evseyevich Chertok, prominent Soviet and Russian rocket designer, responsible for control systems of a number of ballistic missiles and spacecraft.

1914 - Birth of Vasilii Vasilyevich Yefremov, Soviet Soviet-Finnish Winter War and WWII fighter ace, one of the 1st pilots in Soviet Union to fly jets. -

1914 - Death of Jorge "George" Newbery, born Jorge Alejandro Newbery, Argentine pilot, in an airplane crash.

1918 - Birth of of Wing Commander Adrian "Warby" Warburton, Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot during WWII. A legend in the RAF for his role in the defence of Malta.

1919 - An airmail service begins Folkestone and Cologne

1919 - German airline Deutsche Luft-Reederei (DLR) begins scheduled flights to Hamburg.

1919 - Death of John Harry (Henry) McNeaney, Canadian WWI flying ace. -

1923 - Birth of Kenichi Abe, Japanese WWII Flying ace.

1924 - Birth of Donald Kent “Deke” Slayton, one of the original NASA Mercury Seven astronauts.

1925 - Ryan Airlines begins the 1st regularly scheduled passenger airline service flown within the mainland United States. The service runs between Los Angeles and San Diego

1926 - 4 Royal Air Force Fairey IIIDs commanded by Wing Commander Conway Walter Heath Pulford begin a long-distance flight, taking them from Cairo to Cape Town and then on to Lee-on-Solent, England

1928 - An airmail route between France and Chile is opened with a fast sea link between Dakar, Senegal and Natal, Brazil.

1928 - USAAC Lt. Burnie R. Dallas and Beckwith Havens made the first transcontinental flight in a Loening amphibious airplane. Total flight time in the Loening Amphibian was 32 hours, 45 minutes.

1931 - Lucien Bossoutrot and Maurice Rossi sets a world flight duration record of 75h23min over 8822 km. with the Blériot 110 at La Sénia, Algeria.

1935 - Death of Alexander George Vlasto, British WWI flying ace

1937 - ANF Les Mureaux (Les Ateliers de Construction du Nord de la France et des Mureaux), French aircraft manufacturer is absorbed into SNCAN (Société nationale de constructions aéronautiques du Nord)

1938 - Death of Gabriele D'Annunzio or d'Annunzio (ennobled by the King of Italy in 1924 as Principe di Montenevoso), Italian poet, journalist, novelist, dramatist, daredevil and WWI pilot. -

1938 - Transcontinental & Western Air Douglas DC-2 encountered severe weather and radioed their intention to land in nearby Fresno. The aircraft never arrived, and was found three months later having crashed into a mountain in Yosemite National Park, killing all 9.

1940 - Death of Harold Alfred "Willy" Whistler, British WWI fighter ace, disappearing On a return trip to the United Kingdom from India on an Imperial Airways Handley Page H.P.42 over the Gulf of Oman - -

1941 - RCAF No. 403 (Fighter) Squadron was formed at Bagington, England and RCAF No. 402 Squadron became operational at Digby, Lincolnshire, England.

1941 - New Zealand's 1st fighter squadron, No. 485 Squadron RNZAF is formed.

1942 - A United States Navy (USN) Lockheed Hudson of VP82 sinks the submarine U-656, south west of Newfoundland. This is the 1st German submarine to be sunk by US forces in WWII.

1944 - 1st flight of The Horten H.IX, RLM designation Ho 229 (often called Gotha Go 229), German prototype flying wing fighter/bomber.

1945 - Death of Lothar Sieber, German test pilot while making the 1st vertical take-off manned rocket flight, in a Bachem Ba 349 "Natter", WWII German point-defence rocket powered interceptor. -

1948 - Death of Charles Eugene Joseph Marie Lefevre, French WWI flying ace

1948 - 1st flight of The Curtiss-Wright XP-87 Blackhawk, prototype American all-weather jet fighter interceptor and company's last aircraft project.

1949 - 1st flight of the Breguet Br 892S 'Mercure', French 4 engine high wing monoplane transport prototype. -

1951 - RCAF No. 441 Squadron was reformed at St. Hubert, Quebec, and equipped with DH 1200 Vampire fighters.

1953 - 1st private pilots Aerial raid begins around spain. It will last 3 days and 2.140 km.

1953 - No.275 Squadron reforms at RAF Linton-on Ouse, becoming the 1st Royal Air Force (RAF) search and rescue helicopter squadron. This unit was equipped with the Bristol Sycamore HR13/HR14 helicopter.

1954 - United States hydrogen bombs are exploded on marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

1954 - A ban on the production of military aircraft in Japan is lifted. An agreement between the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation and the Kawasaki Aircraft company gives Kawasaki the right to manufacture Lockheed F94C Starfire jets and T33A jets.

1955 - 1st (transition) flight of the Fairey Jet Gyrodyne,British experimental compound autogyro that incorporated helicopter, gyrodyne and autogyro characteristics, to gather data for the follow-up design, the Rotodyne.

1956 – The International Air Transport Association (IATA) finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

1957 - Sud-Aviation, French state-owned aircraft manufacturer, is formed by the merger of Sud-Est (SNCASE, or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-est) and Sud-Ouest (SNCASO or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-ouest).

1958 - Birth of Bertrand Piccard, Swiss psychiatrist and balloonist.

1962 - Los Angeles Airways (LAA) , Californian helicopter airline, is the 1st civil operator of the Sikorsky S-61 for commercial service using a turbine-powered, multi-engine helicopter.

1962 – American Airlines Flight 1 crashes on take off in New York, due to a rudder malfunction, killing all 95 passengers and crew on board.

1963 - Death of Reginald Theodore Carlos "Georgie" Hoidge, Canadian WWI fighter ace -

1964 - Paradise Airlines Flight 901A Lockheed L-049 crashed into terrain following an abandoned approach to Tahoe Valley Airport, California, United States, all 85 on board killed

1966 - Launch of Kosmos 111 (E-6S series) 1st Soviet attempt to orbit a spacecraft around the Moon.

1966 – Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the 1st spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.

1966 - Death of Alexander Renner, Austrian aviation pionneer and WWI pilot.

1974 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion, largest and heaviest helicopter in the United States military. Developed from the CH-53 Sea Stallion, mainly by adding a third engine.

1976 - Death of Michael Vickers Love, American vietnam war pilot, USAF-NASA test pilot, Killed while attempting an emergency landing in an RF-4C on Rogers dry lake bed. -

1991 - Royal Air Force's 1st female navigator (multi-engine), Flying Officer Anne-Marie Dawe, graduates from No.6 Flying Training School, RAF Finningley. Flying Officer Dawe was subsequently posted to No.242 Operational Conversion Unit, RAF Lyneham.

1999 - Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones set off in the balloon Breitling Orbiter 3 from Château d'Oex in Switzerland on the 1st non-stop balloon circumnavigation around the globe. -

2000 - 1st flight of the Air Command Commander Elite F-30, American tandem-seat autogyro.

2002 - Launch of STS-109 (SM3B), NASA space shuttle Columbia mission for Hubble Space Telescope servicing, Last successful mission for Columbia before STS-107

2002 - Launch of Envisat ("Environmental Satellite"), Earth-observing satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA).

2010 - Death of Major General Vladimir Sergeyevich Ilyushin, soviet general and noted test pilot, son of aerospace engineer Sergei Ilyushin.

2011 - Death of John Michael "Mike" Lounge, American engineer, US Navy officer, Vietnam war veteran, and NASA astronaut.