On This Day in Aviation History March 14 th

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1883 - Birth of Joseph Vuillemin, French WWI fighter ace and high ranking officer until WWII. -

1885 - Birth of Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American WWI Fighter ace. -

1892 - Birth of James Herbert Knight, American pilot who made the 1st overnight transcontinental air mail delivery, Airliner pilot and vice-president of United Airlines. -

1893 - Birth of Andre Henri Martenot de Cordou, French WWI flying ace. -

1894 - Birth of William Earle "Moley" Molesworth, Irish WWI fighter ace -

1896 - Birth of Harold Arthur Sydney Molyneux, Canadian WWI flying ace who also served during WWII. -

1908 - Henri Farman makes the 1st flight in his modified Voisin-Farman I-bis, the biplane built by Voisin brothers.

1908 - Birth of Edward Henry Heinemann, noted military aircraft designer for Douglas Aircraft Company.

1910 - French Louis Paulhan flies 146 km in a straight route from Orleans to Troyes.

1910 - 1st flight of the Canton et Unné, French experimental Twin engine Twin Boom push-pull monoplane. -

1912 - Birth of Josef "Joschi" Pöhs, German WWII fighter ace and test pilot. -

1915 - Death of Lincoln J. Beachey in his Taube monoplane. American pioneer aviator and barnstormer. He became famous and wealthy from flying exhibitions, staging aerial stunts, helping invent aerobatics, and setting aviation records.

1918 - Death of Herbert Henry Hartley, Scottish WWI flying ace, killed in action.

1927 - Death of Kurt Ungewitter, test pilot for Rumpler Flugzeugwerke and Albatros Flugzeugwerke, and WWI flying ace, Killed in the crash of his Albatros L.69a. -

1927 - Pan American World Airways, commonly known as Pan Am, is formed

1927 - 1st flight of the Parnall Pike, American 2/3-seat biplane reconnaissance aircraft prototype, capable of operating off carrier decks or from water.

1928 - Birth of Frank Frederick Borman II, test pilot, NASA astronaut and engineer, best remembered as the Commander of Apollo 8, the first mission to fly around the Moon, making him, along with fellow crew mates Jim Lovell and Bill Anders, the first of only 24 humans to do so

1934 - Birth of Eugene "Gene" Andrew Cernan, US Navy officer, NASA astronaut and engineer.

1939 - 1st flight of the Martin Model 167 Maryland, US-designed twin engine light bomber. -

1939 - Birth of William Benjamin "Bill" Lenoir, American engineer and a former NASA astronaut.

1942 - Birth of Clyde Everett Lassen, US Navy helicopter pilot, only U. S. Navy helicopter pilot to be awarded the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War. -

1945 - Transportes Aéreos Portugueses, SGPS, S.A. (TAP),national airline of Portugal, is founded.

1945 - No. 617 Squadron RAF Avro Lancaster of Squadron Leader CC Calder dropped the 1st Grand Slam bomb (22,000 lb / 9,980 kg)from 11,965 ft (3,647 m) on the Schildesche viaduct.

1946 – The Royal Canadian Navy commissions its 1st aircraft carrier, HMCS Warrior (CVL 20), which the United Kingdom has transferred to Canada.

1947 - Reginald Brie receives the 1st helicopter licence to be issued by the Royal Aero Club

1947 - 1st flight of Lockheed L-749 Constellation, American 4 engine airliner, 1st aircraft in the Lockheed Constellation aircraft line able to cross the Atlantic Ocean non-stop.

1952 - Death of Lloyd Samuel Breadner, Canadian WWI flying ace and senior RCAF commander during WWII -

1957 - British European Airways Flight 411 Vickers Viscount crashed on approach to Manchester Airport and hit a house in Wythenshawe, killing all 20 and 2 on ground, due to Metal fatigue in flaps which caused loss of control.

1961 - A USAF B-52F-70-BW Stratofortress bomber, carrying two nuclear weapons experienced an uncontrolled decompression that required it to descend to 10,000 feet (3,000 m) in order to lower the cabin altitude. Increased fuel consumption caused by having to fly at lower altitude, combined with the inability to rendezvous with a tanker in time caused the aircraft to run out of fuel. The aircrew ejected safely, and then the unmanned aircraft crashed 15 miles (24 km) west of Yuba City, tearing the nuclear weapons from the aircraft on impact.The weapons did not detonate as their safety devices worked properly.

1963 - Birth of Pedro Francisco Duque, 1st Spanish astronaut.

1966 - 1st flight of The Douglas DC-8 super 61, American four-engined narrow-body passenger commercial jet airliner, designed version for high capacity and medium range.

1967 - Birth of Edward Michael "Mike" Fincke, USAF officer and NASA astronaut.

1972 – Sterling Airways Flight 296 Sud Aviation Caravelle crashed near Kalba in the United Arab Emirates due to incorrect information on the outdated flight plan and/or due to a misreading of the weather radar. All 112 passengers and crew were killed.

1974 - Death of Francis Thomas Evans, Sr, one of the earliest USMC aviators, 1st person to perform a loop in seaplane, and a pioneer of stall and spin recovery techniques.,_Sr.

1979 - A CAAC Hawker Siddeley Trident 2E, B-274, crashed into a factory near Beijing, injuring at least 200. The crash was caused by an unqualified pilot who stole and flew the airliner.

1980 - LOT Polish Airlines Flight 007 Ilyushin Il-62 crashed near Okecie Airport in Warsaw, due to mechanical failure as the crew aborted a landing and attempted to go-around. All 87 crew and passengers died.

1986 - Giotto , ESA robotic spacecraft intended to fly by and study Halley's Comet, flew-by at 596 km distance, and surprisingly survived despite being hit by some small particles. One impact sent it spinning off its stabilized spin axis so that its antenna no longer always pointed at the Earth, and importantly, its dust shield no longer protected its instruments. After 32 minutes Giotto re-stabilized itself and continued gathering science data.

1995 - An Aeroflot Antonov An-12B operated by Penza Air Enterprise crashes near Baku after running out of fuel. Crew negligence is blamed, and it is suggested that the flight crew were drunk.

1995 - Launch of Soyuz TM-21, human spaceflight mission transporting personnel to the Russian space station Mir. Part of the US/Russian Shuttle-Mir Program, Norman Thagard becoming the 1st American astronaut to launch on a Soyuz spacecraft and board Mir,

2006 - Helios Airways, low-cost Cypriot airline, is ebranded as Ajet.

2006 - Steve Fossett took off from Salina, Kansas and flew eastbound around the world to set a new Absolute Distance Over a Closed Circuit Record. with his GlobalFlyer