On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 24th

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1889 - Birth of Hugh Allport Hay, British WWI flying ace -

1894 - Birth of Ernst Wiehle, German WWI flying ace -

1898 - Birth of Anthony Joseph Hill Thornton, Brirish WWI flying ace

1898 - Birth of Charles Myers Whitham, British WWI flying ace

1916 - Death of Hiram Stevens Maxim, British American-born inventor of the 1st portable, fully automatic machine gun and early aircraft designer.

1917 - The Zeppelin LZ59 (LZ-104) ends its 1st flight by completing a 6,757 km journey through Africa in 96 hours (average speed 71 km/h).

1919 - Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe, the great French promoter and sponsor of early aviation efforts, dies aged 73 in Ecquivilly.

1920 - Birth of joseph Arthur "Joe" Lynch, Jr., WWII pilot, North American Aviation Test pilot.

1922 - 1st flight of The Vickers Virginia, British twin engine biplane heavy bomber developed from the Vimy.

1924 - A KLM Fokker F.VII lands in Batavia, completing the 1st flight from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indies, taking 127 hours 16 minutes.

1935 - 1st flight of the Caudron C.570 'Kangourou', French twin engine light military transport aircraft prototype.

1936 - The Breguet-Dorand "Gyroplane Laboratoire" made an endurance flight of 1 hr. 2 min. 5 sec on a distance in a closed circuit of 44km and at 44.692km/h.

1939 - BOAC is formed by the merger of Imperial Airways and the original British Airways.

1942 - Death of Guido Masiero, Italian WWI flying ace who served during the Ethiopian Campaign and the SPanish civil war (as "Guido Magoni"), raid pilot, and WWII test pilot. Colliding with fellow , Francesco Agello Italian WWII test pilot and record setter, While test flying in a heavy fog in Macchi C.202 fighters. - -

1943 - Death of Henry Maston Mullinnix, American aviator, engineer and Admiral of the US Navy during WWII, mainly responsible for developing the air-cooled engine for naval aircraft, Killed after the USS Liscome Bay (CVE-56) was sunk by Japanese submarine I-175 during Operation Galvanic near Tarawa Island. -

1944 - Death of Ayao Shirane, Japanese WWII fighter ace killed in his N1K "George" by a P-38 over Leyte. -

1944 - 1st bombing raid (since Doolittle Raid) against Tokyo, the Japanese capital, from the east and by land is carried out by 111 B-29 attacking Nakajima Aircraft Engine Plant at Musashino in the arsenal sector of Tokyo.

1944 - Death of Akira Yamamoto, Japanese WWII fighter ace, killed as his parachute failed to open after he bailed out from his Zero damaged by the defensive fire from B-29 he was attacking near Yachimata. -

1947 - 1st flight of The Grumman F9F Panther, manufacturer's 1st jet fighter and one of the US Navy 1st successful carrier-based jet fighters. It scored the 1st air-to-air kill by the US Navy in the Korean war.

1948 - 1st flight of the SNCASE SE-1010, French 4 engine photo-survey aircraft prototype. -

1949 - Death of Harold Francis Stackard, British WWI fighter ace -

1952 - Death of William Otto Brash Winkler, Scottish WWI fighter ace.

1954 - Death of Wallace Rupert Turnbull, Canadian engineer and inventor, noted for his work and inventions in aeronautics.

1955 - 1st flight of The Fairchild F-27, version of the Fokker F27 Friendship, twin-engined turboprop passenger aircraft, american licence built of the dutch airliner.

1959 - 1st flight of the Hiller X-18, American experimental cargo transport aircraft designed to be the 1st testbed for tiltwing and VSTOL (vertical/short takeoff and landing) technology.

1959 - American Max Conrad, with a Piper PA-24-180 Comanche, sets a distance record of 11,211.83 km (6,966.71 mi) from Casablanca, Morocco to El Paso, Texas

1963 - Death of Walter Hagen, German Test pilot for Junker and WWII Stuka pilot.

1964 - 5 US Air Force C-130 transports dropped 350 Belgian paratroopers of the Para-Commando Regiment for Operation Dragon Rouge onto the airfield at Stanleyville during the Congo crisis.

1966 – Bulgarian TABSO Flight 101 Ilyushin Il-18B crashes just after take off near Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, killing all 82 people on board.

1966 - Death of Patrick Huskinson, British WWI fighter ace, Director of Armament Production during WWII -

1969 - Apollo 12 splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon.

1971 - An unidentified man who registered as 'Dan Cooper' hijacked Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 305 Boeing 727–100, extorted $200,000 in ransom and parachuted. It remains the only unsolved airline hijacking in American aviation history.

1973 - Death of Nikolay Ilyich Kamov, leading constructor of the Soviet/Russian Kamov helicopter design bureau.

1974 - Death of John Edgcumbe Doyle, British WWI flying ace, writer and civilian link trainer instructor. -

1981 - Two Bristow Helicopters Sikorsky S61Ns rescue 48 workers from the oil rig Transworld 58 after it escapes its moorings.

1983 - Death of Edgar Duncan Goodenough Lewin, WWII British naval aviator who was involved in the Battle of the River Plate, attacks on the German battleship Tirpitz and aircraft carrier commander during the Korean War, managing director of Blackburn Aircraft Limited and later of Hawker Siddeley.

1984 - British Julian Nott takes off break the world records for altitude, distance and endurance in his pressurised ULD1 balloon.

1985 - Egyptian forces storm EgyptAir Flight 648 Boeing 737-200 that was hijacked the day before. Starting a gun battle with the hijackers. 60 people die in the cross-fire.

1985 - Death of Hilbert Leigh Bair, American WWI flying ace. -

1991 - Launch of STS-44, Space Shuttle Atlantis for a U.S. Department of Defense space mission.

1992 – China Southern Airlines Flight 3943 Boeing 737-31B domestic flight in the People's Republic of China, crashes on approach to Guilin Airport, killing all 141 people on-board.

2001 - Crossair Flight LX 3597 Avro RJ100 'Jumbolino' crashes on approach to Zurich Kloten airport, 1 month after the introduction of new noise abatement procedures have forced a different approach route to the airport. 21 of the 28 passengers and 3 crew members are killed.

2002 - Launch of STS-113, Space shuttle Endeavour mission to the ISS and to deploy MEPSI (Micro-Electromechanical-based Picosat Satellite Inspection Experiment)

2003 - 1st flight of The Boeing X-50A Dragonfly, formerly known as the Canard Rotor/Wing Demonstrator, American gyrodyne unmanned aerial vehicle to demonstrate the principle that a helicopter's rotor could be stopped in flight and act as a fixed wing.

2010 - Fuerza Aérea Mexicana Antonov 32B crashed on take off at Monterrey-General Mariano Escobedo International Airport killing all 5 on board.