On This Day in Aviation History JULY 29 th

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1836 - Birth of Wilhelm Kress, Austrian pioneer in aviations and aircraft designer.


1879 - Birth of Erwin Böhme, German WWI flying ace, friend of Oswald Boelcke.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erwin_B%C3%B6hme - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/bohme.php

1890 - Birth of Arthur Reed Christie, american early aviator.


1896 - Birth of Clayton Lawrence Bissell, American WWI fighter ace and WWII High ranking officer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clayton_Bissell - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/bissell.php

1897 - Birth of Franz Rudorfer, Austro Hungarian WWI flying ace, volunteer in the Ukrainian Military Air Service, he took part on the Polish-Ukrainian war before escaping with his Nieuport 23 to Czechoslovakia.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Rudorfer - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/austrhun/rudorfer.php

1900 - Birth of Mikhail Klavdievich Tikhonravov, Soviet pioneer of spacecraft design and rocketry.


1904 - Birth of Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata, pioneer aviator and important businessman of India who launched Air India International as India's 1st international airline.


1909 - 1st airplane flight in Sweden is made by French Georges Legagneux in his Voisin biplane in Stockholm.


1910 - Birth of Rhulin Albert Thomas, American aviator, 1st deaf pilot to successfully fly solo across the US, without crashing along the way.


1918 - Death of Charles Gordon Bell, early british aviator and WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident while testing a Vickers FB.16E.

http://earlyaviators.com/ebellgor.htm - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/bell1.php

1925 - 1st flight of the Blériot Bl-155, French 4 engine biplane airliner prototype (2 built and used by Air Union between Paris and London)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bl%C3%A9riot_155 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1673

1926 - 1st flight of the Cierva C.6d, Spanish 2 seat autogyro prototype.


1930 - British airship R.100 makes a test flight to Montreal and back in 78 hours having covered the great circle route of 3,300 mi (5,300 km) at an average speed of 42 mph (68 km/h).


1936 - Spanish civil war : German air force begins to carry the Nationalist Army from spanish Morocco to Spain in the world’s first major military airlift using Junkers Ju-52.


1937 - 1st flight of The Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra, more commonly known as the Lockheed 14, US twin engine civil passenger and cargo aircraft, outgrowth of the earlier Model 10 Electra.


1938 - The Arado Ar 79, German aerobatic two-seat trainer and touring aircraft, set a speed record on 2,000 km (1,242.8 mi) at 227.029 km/h (141.069 mph).


1939 - Death of Saiji Kani, Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War flying ace, and Shoichi Suzuki, Soviet-japanese war japanese fighter ace,, Killed by I-16 swhile landing their KI-27s at Arai.

http://www.cieldegloire.com/010_kani_s.php - http://www.cieldegloire.com/010_suzuki_s.php

1939 - Deutsche Lufthansa Focke Wulf Fw-200 'Condor', lands in Bangkok in Siam coming from Berlin, inaugurating a regular service.


1943 - Death of Gustave Douchy, French WWI flying ace who served in WWII, killed in a flying accident in Madagascar.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustave_Douchy - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/douchy.php

1949 - 1st flight of the SNCAC NC-860, French twin-engined 4 seat hign wing tourer aircraft prototype.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/SNCAC_NC.860 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9618

1949 - 1st flight of The SNCAC NC.1080, french prototype single-seat carrier-based jet fighter aircraft.


1950 - A BEA Vickers Viscount makes the 1st turboprop-powered passenger flights between London and Paris, and London and Edinburgh.


1952 - A USAF North American RB-45C Tornado completes the 1st non-stop transpacific flight by jet aircraft, , having been refueled twice by KB-29s along the way. Maj Lou Carrington and his crew of the 91st Reconnaissance Wing flew from Alaska to Japan in 9hrs 50mins, winning the MacKay Trophy for their achievement.


1953 - Death of Richard William Pearse, New Zealand aviation pioneer


1954 - 1st flight of The Morane-Saulnier MS.760 Paris, French four (or six) seat jet trainer and liaison aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morane-Saulnier_MS.760_Paris - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9856

1958 - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed.


1960 - Death of Hon. Dame Mary Bailey (born Westenra), British aviatrix.


1960 - 1st flight of Max Holste MH.260 Super Broussard, French twin-prop high-wing airliner prototype evolution of the MH.250 ,which will lead to the Nord 262.


1960 - Launch of Mercury-Atlas 1 (MA-1), 1st launch attempt of a Mercury capsule, to conduct a suborbital test flight and reentry of the spacecraft. The capsule had live posigrade separation rockets, but dummy retro rockets.


1963 - 1st flight of the Tupolev Tu-134 'Crusty', Soviet twin-engined airliner, similar to the French Sud Aviation Caravelle and the later-designed American Douglas DC-9.


1967 – While sailing off the coast of Vietnam, a malfunction in an F-4 Phantom II jet on the deck of the USS Forrestal causes a rocket to fire inadvertently. The rocket hits another aircraft on the deck (possibly one occupied by Lt. Cmdr. John McCain) without exploding, but does rupture the plane’s fuel tank. The subsequent fire that would eventually ravage the ship destroying 21 aircraft, killing 134 sailors and injuring 161 others.


1969 - 1st flight of the Mudry CAP-20, French aerobatic competition single seater monoplane.


1969 - Embraer, Brazilian aerospace conglomerate, is founded.


1971 - 1st flight of the Robin HR-200, French 2 seat trainer and general aviation aircraft.


1972 - 2 Avianca Douglas C-53s collide in mid-air over the Las Palomas Mountains killing 38 on both planes.


1978 - Death of Josef Carl Peter Jacobs, 4th German WWI fighter ace and post WWI Aircraft manufacturer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Jacobs - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/jacobs.php

1982 - Salyut 6, Soviet orbital space station, is deorbited


1982 - 1st flight of the Aérospatiale AS-332 F1 'Super Puma Naval', French rescue and Anti Submarine helicopter.


1984 - Soyuz T-12 (also known as Salyut 7 EP-4), 7 th manned spaceflight to the Soviet space station Salyut 7 is back on earth.


1984 - Death of Ewald Rohlfs, german test pilot.


1985 - 1st flight of The Kawasaki T-4 , Japanese subsonic intermediate jet trainer aircraft, used by the JASDF's Blue Impulse aerobatic team.


1985 - Launch of STS-51-F (also known as Spacelab 2), 19th flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program, and the 8th flight of Space Shuttle Challenger. While STS-51-F's primary payload was the Spacelab-2 laboratory module, the payload which received the most publicity was the Carbonated Beverage Dispenser Evaluation, which was an experiment in which both Coca-Cola and Pepsi tried to make their carbonated drinks available to astronauts.


1996 - 1st flight of The Mitsubishi MH 2000, Japanese 7/12 seat light utility helicopter.


2002 - Vanguard Airlines ceases operations.


2003 - 1st manned captive flight of SpaceShipOne, American suborbital air-launched spaceplane.