On This Day in Aviation History JULY 22 nd

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1873 - Birth of Raymond d'Ecquevilly, French early aviation pioneer and aircraft designer.


1887 - Birth of James Dennis Payne, British WWI fighter ace and postwar barnstormer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Dennis_Payne - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/payne1.php

1889 - Birth of Antony Habersack Jannus, more familiarly known as Tony Jannus, early American pilot. He flew the 1st airplane from which a parachute jump was made, and 1st airline pilot.


1895 - Birth of Pavel Osipovich Sukhoi, Belarusian Soviet aircraft constructor and designer.


1901 - Birth of Florence Lowe "Pancho" Barnes, American pioneer aviator, the founder of the 1st test pilots union and the owner of the Happy Bottom Riding Club (a bar and restaurant where Pancho became very close friends with many of the early test pilots, including Chuck Yeager, General Jimmy Doolittle, and Buzz Aldrin. Pancho's ranch became famous for the parties and high-flying lifestyle of all the guests). She broke Amelia Earhart's air speed record in 1930


1908 - The Breguet-Richet Gyroplane No.2 rose vertically to the respectable height of 4.5m and flew for a short period of time, apparently under control, but the machine was completely wrecked upon landing.


1911 - The Daily Mail Circuit of Britain Air Race, British cross-country air race, starts at Brooklands in Surrey.


1916 - Birth of Rawdon Hume 'Ron' Middleton, Australian WWII bomber pilot.


1917 - Death of John Albert Page, Canadian WWI flying ace, Killed in action in his Sopwith Triplane.


1917 - Death of John Edward Sharman, Canadian WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Triplane by a direct hit from anti-aircraft fire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Edward_Sharman - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/sharman.php

1918 - Death of Harold Thomas Mellings, British WWI fighter ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Camel

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Mellings - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/mellings.php

1918 - Death of Indra Lal ("Laddie") Roy, 1st WWI Indian flying ace, in a dogfight with Fokker D.VIIs of Jasta 29 over Carvin, france.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indra_Lal_Roy - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/india/roy.php

1920 - David R. Davis and airplane designer Donald Wills Douglas Sr. form the Davis-Douglas Company.


1921 - Birth of Umberto Bernardini, Italian test pilot, 1st italian to break the sound barrier.


1921 - Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. founds the Douglas Aircraft Company


1922 - Death of Zenos Ramsey Miller, American WWI flying ace, killed in a crash while attempting a transcontinental flight in an old Savoia-Marchetti aircraft he had purchased.


1929 - Lufthansa uses a catapult to launch a Heinkel He 12 mail plane from the passenger liner Bremen, 400 km (249 miles) out of New York, speeding the mail on its way before the ship reached port.


1931 - Sir Alan Cobham and crew start a 19,800 km (12,300 mile) flight between England and the Belgian Congo for an African survey in a Short Valletta.



1933 - Amy Johnson and Jim Mollison take off from Croydon in a de Havilland Dragon 'Seafarer' for a flight to New-York.


1933 - Wiley Post lands back at Floyd Bennett Field in his Lockheed Vega "Winnie Mae", 1st round the world solo flight after 7 days, 19 hours, a total distance of 25,099 km (15,596 miles)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiley_Post#First_solo_pilot - http://acepilots.com/post.html

1938 - Death of Ionel Fernic, Romanian composer, aviator (civil pilot), writer and one of the 1st Romanian parachutists, in the crash of a LOT Polish Airlines flight that mysteriously broke in two pieces in the air.


1938 - Death of Enrico Degli Incerti, italian flying ace of the spanish war. While doing aerobatics with a formation of Fiat CR.32s at 1,000 feet over Rimini, the propeller of his aircraft developed a defect. Coming down for an emergency landing, the Fiat suddenly rolled right and crashed into the side of a building.

http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_degliincerti.htm - http://www.cieldegloire.com/009_degli_incerti_e.php

1939 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB-134, french 4 seat low wing monoplane twin engine medium bomber prototype

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloch_MB.134 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=6339

1940 - 1st aircraft shot down by a fighter guided by its own airborne radar. A Bristol Blenheim IF of the Fighter Interception Unit, fitted with Airborne Intercept radar (AI), destroys a Dornier Do17 at night off Selsey Bill.



1942 - Birth of Toyohiro Akiyama, Japanese TV journalist best known for his flight to the Mir space station aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft, 1st Japanese in space.


1942 – P-38F Lightning fighters of USAAF 14th Fighter Group depart Presque Isle, Maine, for the UK via Iceland, 1st single-seat fighters to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.


1943 - Death of Ferruccio Serafini, Italian WWII flying ace, colliding his Macchi M.C.205 in a Curtiss P-40.


1943 - 1st flight of The Miles M.39B Libellula, British tandem wing aircraft twin engine, 5/8 scaled version of a proposed bomber type from the M.35.


1943 - An Avro Lancaster bomber converted for use as a transport aircraft (Lancaster XPPs for Lancaster Mk.X Passenger Planes), inaugurates the Canadian Government’s Trans Atlantic Air Service, operated by Trans-Canada Air Lines, setting a non-stop speed record for a flight from Dorval Airport, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, to Prestwick, Scotland, of 12 hours 26 minutes.


1948 - 1st flight of the Fouga CM-7, French twin seat glider prototype.


1955 - 1st flight of The Republic XF-84H "Thunderscreech", American experimental turboprop aircraft derived from the F-84F Thunderstreak, Powered by a turbine engine that was mated to a supersonic propeller.


1962 – Mariner 1, US spacecraft for a Venus flyby mission, flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.


1962 - Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 301 Bristol Britannia 314 departing from Honolulu International Airport had engine problems and returned to land on three engines, but when during an attempted go-around it crashed on the airfield, killing 27 of the 40 on board.


1965 - 1st flight of The second Orpheus-powered Helwan HA-300, Egyptian supersonic jet fighter prototype aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt.


1973 - Pan Am flight 816 Boeing 707-321B crashed into the sea 30 seconds after take off from Faa'a International Airport in Papeete, killing all 78 over 79.


1976 - 1st flight of The IAR-827, romanian agricultural aircraft


1982 - Death of George Alexander Lingham, Australian WWI flying ace and later director of the Heston Aircraft Company .

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Lingham - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/lingham.php

1983 - Death of William Ernest "Bull" Staton, British WWI fighter ace who pioneered the bombing technique of using pathfinders to mark targets during WWII and postwar high ranking RAF officer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Ernest_Staton - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/staton.php

1983 - Dick Smith achieves the 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe in a helicopter. Smith makes the 56,742 kilometre (35,258 mile) journey in stages using a Bell Jetranger 206B named 'Australian Explorer'.


1984 - 1st flight of The PZL AN-28, Polish STOL light cargo and passenger plane, licence-built Antonov An-28.


1987 - Launch of Soyuz TM-3, 4th manned spacecraft to visit the Soviet space station Mir.


1989 - 11-year-old Anthony Aliengena followed by two chase planes carrying his family, journalists and his Soviet pen pal, Roman Tcheremnykh, completes its around-the-world journey landing back his Cessna 210 Centurion at John Wayne Airport in Orange County after having flown seven weeks and 21,567 miles.

http://today.smithsonianmag.com/history/?year=2006&month=7&day=22 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friendship_Flight_'89

1993 - Soyuz TM-16, Russian space mission to Mir, is back on earth.


1993 - Launch of Hispasat 1B, Spanish communication satellite, by an Ariane IV launcher.


1994 - Ron Bower lands back at Hurst, Texas with his Bell 206B-3, setting a new world record around the world flight for helicopters, having flown 24 days, 4 hours, 36 minutes and 24 seconds later, averaging 35.62 knots (40.99 mph, 65.97 km/h).


1995 - STS-70, Space Shuttle Discovery mission, is back on earth