On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 7 th

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1889 - Birth of Albert Plesman, Dutch pioneer in aviation and co-founder of KLM.

1895 - Birth of Maurice Arnoux, French WWI flying ace, raid pilot, air racer and WWII fighter pilot. - -

1896 - Birth of Edgar Gardner Tobin, American WWI flying ace. -

1899 - Birth of Wladimir Konstantinowitsch Gribowski, Soviet pilot and Aircraft designer.

1904 - 1st use by the Wright brothers of their weight-and-derrick-assisted take-off device in order to make themselves independent of the wind and weather. When the heavy weight is released, the rope pulls the aircraft, which sits on a flatbed truck, over the launching track, thus assisting its take-off.

1906 - 1st flight of The Santos-Dumont 14-bis, also known as Oiseau de proie (French for "bird of prey"), pioneer-era canard biplane.

1909 - Death of Eugène Lefebvre, French aviation pioneer, 1st person to die while piloting a powered airplane and the 2nd person to be killed in a powered airplane crash.

1909 - The U.S. Army established its 1st aerodrome in College Park, Maryland.

1910 - 1st aerial wireless communications, sending and receiving messages to the Eiffel Tower is made from the French airship Clément-Bayard No.2 with a 65 kg (143 lb) transmitter carried aboard.

1914 - Birth of Joseph Randall Holzapple, USAF WWII bomber pilot and High ranking officer.

1914 - Birth of James Alfred Van Allen, American space scientist.

1917 - 1st flight of The Port Victoria P.V.8 Eastchurch Kitten, prototype British WWI fighter aircraft.

1917 - Birth of Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire, Baron Cheshire, highly decorated British RAF pilot during WWII.

1918 - Death of Rudolf Besel, German WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident.

1920 – Two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crash in the Swiss Alps en-route to Finland where they would serve with the Suomen Ilmavoimat, killing both crews.

1923 - 1st flight of The Handley Page Type S (or HPS-1), British low-wing monoplane British carrier based fighter prototype.

1924 - Death of Georg von Hantelmann, German WWI fighter ace -

1926 - 1st flight of The Bleriot-SPAD S.51-3, evolution of the French fighter aircraft S-51 with variable-pitch propeller.

1927 - Death of Karl Nikitsch, Austro-Hungarian WWI flying ace -

1927 - Cessna Aircraft Corporation is formed.

1927 - Terrence B. Tully and James V.Medcalf were the 1st Canadians to attempt a transatlantic flight. They departed Habour Grace Nfld. in a Stinson Detroiter 'Sir John Carling' and were lost at sea. -

1929 - Flying a Supermarine S6, Flight Lieutenant R.L.R. Atcherley of the Royal Air Force High Speed Flight establishes a 100 kilometre closed-circuit record of 331mph at Calshot. Italian Tommaso Dal Molin, flying a Macchi M.52R, gains second place with a speed of 457.380 km/h (284.203 mph), sole Italian aircraft finishing the race.

1929 - Death of Albert Edward Woodbridge, British WWI flying ace.

1930 - Death of John Owen Donaldson, American WWI flying ace, Air racer and stunt pilot, president of Newark Air Service, Killed in the crash of a Travel-Air Whirlwind while stunting near Philadelphia. -

1931 - Birth of Franciszek Jarecki, pilot in the Polish Air Force, famous for having escaped Soviet-controlled Poland in a MiG-15 jet.

1931 - 1st flight of The Loire 50, single-engined French liaison and training flying boat prototype which will give the Loire 501. -

1931 - Lowell R. Bayles flying the Granville Gee Bee Model Z 'City of Springfield', wins the Thompson Trophy in Cleveland at an average speed of 236.24 miles per hour (380.19 km/h). -

1934 - 1st flight of the Hawker Hardy, general-purpose variant of the british Hawker Hart (two-seater biplane light bomber) tropicalised, a production Hart modified with a modified radiator, a message pick-up hook, water containers and a desert survival kit.

1939 - Birth of Stanley David Griggs, US Navy test pilot and NASA astronaut

1940 - Largest mass air combat in history takes place during the 4th phase of the Battle of Britain, with 1,200 British and German aircraft operating in an area of only 24 x 48 km (15 x 30 miles). It leaded Hermann Göring to order the Luftwaffe to stop targeting British airfields and attack London itself instead.

1940 - 1st flight of The Blohm & Voss BV 222 Wiking, German large, six-engined WWII flying boat, Originally designed as a commercial transport, and produced in only limited quantities, it was both the largest flying boat and largest aircraft to achieve operational status during the war.

1940 - Death of Edmund Rumpler, Austrian automobile and aircraft designer.

1941 - Hawker Hurricane I fighters of No.81 and No.134 Squadrons fly off HMS Argus to land on a Soviet airfield at Vaenga, near Murmansk, to help re-enforce local fighter defences.

1942 - 1st flight of The Consolidated B-32 Dominator (Consolidated Model 34), WWII USAAF heavy bomber, last Allied aircraft to be engaged in combat during WWII.

1946 - A new world speed record of 615mph is established by Group Captain E.H. Donaldson of the RAF High Speed Flight, while flying a Gloster Meteor IV over Littlehampton.

1951 - 1st flight of The Auster B.4, unusual British prototype in an attempt to create a light cargo aircraft issued from the Auster. The conventional fuselage was considerably redesigned, turning it into a pod-and-boom configuration carrying the tail unit on a high boom.

1953 - A new world speed record is established by Squadron Leader Neville Frederick Duke, who averaged a speed of 727mph in runs over a 3 kilometre course at Littlehampton in Sussex, while flying a Hawker Hunter MK3 -

1955 - 1st flight of The Sukhoi Su-7 (Fitter-A), soviet swept wing, supersonic fighter aircraft.

1959 - 1st flight of The Tupolev Tu-22 'Blinder', 1st supersonic bomber to enter production in the Soviet Union.

1965 - During an aerial combat over enemy territory during the Indo-Pakistan War, Squadron Leader Mohammad Mahmood Alam, of Pakistan Air Force, in an F-86 Sabre Jet, shot down two enemy Hawker Hunter aircraft and damaged three others.

1956 - Iven C. Kincheloe becomes the 1st pilot ever to climb above 100,000 ft (30,500 m) as he flew the Bell X-2 to a peak altitude of 126,200 ft (38,466 m).

1965 - 1st flight of the Bell 209 "Super Cobra", American tandem-seat combat helicopter derived from single-engined UH-1.

1970 - 1st flight of the AEREON 26, American experimental aircraft developed to investigate lifting body design with a view to using its shape to create hybrid designs, part airship, part conventional aircraft. It was powered by a piston engine, driving a pusher propeller, and generated lift through the aerodynamics of its lozenge-shaped fuselage.

1972 - 1st flight of the 2nd prototype Dassault Mercure, French twin-engined jet-powered airliner.

1981 - Death of Edwin Albert Link, American pioneer in aviation, underwater archaeology, and ocean engineering, most remembered for inventing the flight simulator, commercialized in 1929, called the "Blue Box" or "Link Trainer".

1968 - American Max Conrad, with a Piper PA-23 Aztec, sets a distance record over closed course of 8,549.2 km (5,312.2 mi)

1982 - 1st flight of the Bell 222UT, (Utility Twin) Utility evolution of the american twin-engined light helicopter.

1988 - Soyuz TM-5, Soviet mission to Mir, is back on earth

1988 - 1st flight of The McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOL/MTD (Short Takeoff and Landing/Maneuver Technology Demonstrator), modified F-15 Eagle. Research for studying the effects of vectored thrust and enhanced maneuverability.

1990 - Death of Earle Everard "Pat" Partridge, USAF pilot, Movie stunt pilot (Wings) and high ranking officer during and post WWII.

1991 - Death of Chandler Cole 'Chan' Ross, American engineer. Director of numerous advanced projects at Aerojet (including Aerotojet, Aerorocket, NERVA).

1995 - Launch of STS-69, Space Shuttle Endeavour mission.

1997 - 1st flight of The Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor, american single-seat, twin-engine 5th-generation supermaneuverable fighter aircraft that uses stealth technology.

2009 - Indonesian Navy GAF Nomad N.24A crashed during a patrol in the area of Bulungan, East Borneo, killing 5 over 9.

2010 - Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Flight 514 Tupolev Tu-154M suffered a complete electrical failure en route, leading to a loss of navigational systems. The electrically operated fuel transfer pumps were also affected, meaning that the aircraft was unable to reach its intended destination. The aircraft overran the disused runway at the closed Izhma Airport on emergency landing and was damagedbut none of the 81 on board were injured.

2010 - 1st flight of the Aerovel Flexrotor, American vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS).

2011 - A Yakovlev Yak-42D passenger plane was destroyed when it crashed about 2 km from the runway of Yaroslavl Airport (IAR), Russia. 44 people were killed over 45. The aircraft ran off the runway before lifting off, failed to gain altitude, struck a tower mast, caught fire and crashed.

2013 - Launch of The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE), NASA lunar exploration mission to study the lunar exosphere and dust in the Moon's vicinity.