On This Day in Aviation History January 22 nd

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1887 - Birth of Elmer "Archie" Fowler Stone, US naval aviator and a Commander in the US Coast Guard. He was a pilot on the 1st successful transatlantic flight on a Curtiss NC-4.


1889 - Birth of Harry George Hawker, Australian aviation pioneer and co-founder of Hawker Aircraft,


1891 - Birth of Bruno Loerzer, German WWI flying ace and high ranking officer in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_Loerzer - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/loerzer1.php

1892 - Birth of Marcel Dassault, born Marcel Bloch, French aircraft industrialist.


1893 - Birth of Wilhelm "Willy" Thöne, German WWI flying ace.


1906 - Birth of Willa Beatrice Brown, American aviatrix, 1st African American woman to earn a private pilot's license, 1st female officer in the Civil Air Patrol and 1st black woman to hold a commercial pilot's license in the United States.


1907 - Birth of Douglas Corrigan, American aviator, nicknamed "Wrong Way". Transatlantic flier, He claimed that his unauthorized flight was due to a navigational error, caused by heavy cloud cover that obscured landmarks and low-light conditions, causing him to misread his compass.


1914 - Death of Charles Keeney Hamilton, early american aviator


1918 - Canadian WWI fighter ace George Robert Howsam scored 4 victories with his Sopwith Camel on that single day.


1919 - The sole Blériot Bl-73, French 3 seat 4 engine biplane bomber prototype, broke in the air.


1919 - Death of Carrick Stewart Paul, New Zealand WWI flying ace, drowned at sea while on the voyage home to New Zealand.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrick_Paul - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/nzealand/paul.php

1922 - Death of Elsa Andersson, Sweden's 1st female aviator and stunt parachutist, killed on her third jump in Askersund, Sweden. She had trouble releasing her parachute, which finally unfolded only at a small distance from the treetops and she crashed violently into the ground.


1926 - Spanish Dornier Do J Wal flying boat 'Plus Ultra' takes off from Palos de la Frontera, in Huelva, Spain to Buenos Aires, Argentina for the 1st Trans-Atlantic flight between Spain and South America.


1931 - 1st flight of The Bristol Type 118 , British general-purpose military aircraft, a two-seat biplane prototype for overseas markets.


1933 - Jean Mermoz Lands his Couzinet 70 'Arc an Ciel' in Buenos Aires after a south Atlantic crossing from Paris-Le Bourget.


1935 - Death of Elmer Allah Burlingame, early american aviation pioneer.


1943 - Death of Edmond Eugene Henri Caillaux, French WWI flying ace.


1944 - Death of Manfred Meurer, German WWII night fighter ace, colliding with a Avro Lancaster raiding Berlin, His Heinkel He 219A-0 crashed and Meurer and his radar operator Oberfeldwebel Gerhard Schiebe were killed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manfred_Meurer - http://www.luftwaffe.cz/meurer.html - http://www.cieldegloire.com/001_meurer_m.php

1948 - 1st flight of The Jodel D.9 'Bébé', French single-seat ultralight monoplane designed by Jean Délémontez for home construction.


1948 - 1st fligth of The Short SA.6 Sealand, British light, twin engined commercial amphibian aircraft for 5-7 passengers, designed for the general overseas market in territories with suitable water access and/or runways


1949 - Death of Frederick Robert Gordon McCal, Canadian WWI fighter ace, Post war stunt flyer who founded McCall Aero Corp. Ltd and Great Western Airway, and who returned in RCAF service for WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_McCall - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/mccall1.php

1951 - Saunders-Roe absorbs the Cierva autogyro company.


1952 - American Airlines Flight 6780 Convair 240 crashed on Final approach to Newark into a house in the city of Elizabeth, New Jersey. Killing all on board and 7 on ground.


1954 - 1st flight of The Payen Pa 49 Katy, small experimental French turbojet powered tailless delta winged aircraft, 1st French aircraft of this kind and the smallest jet aircraft of its day.


1955 - Birth of Thomas David Jones, USAF pilot and NASA astronaut.


1962 - Death of John Herbert Greenwood Womersley, British WWI flying ace

http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/womersley.php - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Womersley

1963 - Birth of Jean-Marc Michel Daniel Gasparini, French air force pilot, Chief test pilot at Bretigny Flight Test Center.


1968 – Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the 1st Lunar module into space with a Saturn IB rocket.


1970 – The Boeing 747, the world's 1st "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.


1971 - Aeroflot Antonov An-12B crashed 15km (9.3 mi) short of the runway on approach to Surgut International Airport, Surgut, RSFSR, killing all 13. An investigation found the aircraft's ice protection system was ineffective because the engine bleed air valves were closed during the flight; ice therefore built up on the aircraft causing it to go out of control.


1971 - A US Navy P-3C Orion lands in Patuxent River, Maryland, after a flight of 15 hours 21 minutes from Atsugi, Japan, setting a nonstop distance record for a turboprop-powered aircraft of 7,010 miles.


1973 – A chartered Nigeria Airways Boeing 707-3D3C explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killing 176.


1982 - A F/A-18 Hornet makes a fully automated landing, its autopilot linked to a ground radar at the Naval Air Test Center Patuxent River


1985 - Death of Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov, famous Russian aviator.


1987 - The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Michelob Light Eagle, piloted by Glenn Tremml, sets a world closed circuit distance record for human-powered aircraft of 58 kilometres (36 miles).


1990 - Launch of SPOT 2 (Système Pour l’Observation de la Terre ), optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space.


1992 - Launch of STS-42, Space Shuttle Discovery mission with the Spacelab module, with Canada's 1st woman astronaut Dr. Roberta Bondar.


1997 - STS-81, Space Shuttle Atlantis mission to the Mir space station, is back on earth


1998 - 1st flight of the Boeing 737-600, American short- to medium-range, twin-engine narrow-body jet airliner.


1998 - Launch of STS-89, space shuttle Endeavour mission to the Mir space station.


2011 - Launch of Kounotori 2, or HTV-2, second Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle to resupply the International Space Station (ISS).