On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 11 th

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1890 - Birth of Armando de Dominicis, Italian aviation pionneer and WWI pilot.

1893 - Birth of James Martin, British engineer who, with Captain Valentine Baker, was the founder of the Martin-Baker aircraft company which is now a leading producer of aircraft ejection seats.

1893 - Birth of John Playford "Jack" Hales, Canadian WWI flying ace.

1894 - Birth of William Henry Clarke, British WWI flying ace

1897 - Birth of Reinhold Poss, German WWI flying ace and air racer. -

1900 - Birth of Semyon Alekseyevich Lavochkin, Soviet aerospace engineer and aircraft designer. -

1910 - Robert Loraine makes the 1st aeroplane flight across the Irish Sea, from Holyhead to Howth, in his Farman biplane, but fails to reach the Irish coast when his engine cuts out.

1911 - Robert Grant Fowler takes off in a Wright biplane from San Francisco to Jacksonville, Florida, for a west to east coast-to-coast journey. It will take four months to complete the journey.

1912 - Lieutenant Riccardo Moizo, Italian pilot , is the 1st pilot to be captured in warfare when his Nieuport makes a forced landing at Azizia during the Libyan campaign. Moizo, at the time of his capture, was the longest serving pilot in the theatre with 11 months and 82 sorties to his name.

1917 - French ace Capitaine Georges Guynemer goes missing in action. Kurt Wisserman of Jasta 3 is credited with shooting him down, but his body is never found. -

1917 - Death of Albert Edward Wear, British WWI flying ace (as observer), killed in a flying accident.

1917 - Birth of Donald James Matthew Blakeslee, USAF pilot whose career began as a pilot in the RCAF and flew Spitfire fighter aircrafts, during WWII and became a member of the RAF Eagle squadrons. He flew more combat missions against the Luftwaffe than any other American fighter pilot. -

1920 - Edison Mouton flies into Marina Field, San Francisco, to complete the 1st US transcontinental airmail flight. Having left from New York, it took Mouton and his crew over 75 hours to complete the feat.

1924 - 1st flight of The Blériot-SPAD S.81-4, evolution of the French fighter aircraft, single machine to evaluate wooden wing design.

1926 - 1st flight of The Vickers Type 123, British single-seat biplane fighter prototype built as a private venture.

1927 - The only Short Crusader, British racing seaplane , crashed during flying tests.

1928 - Australians Charles Edward Kingsford Smith and Charles Thomas Philippe Ulm, with the Fokker F.VIIb/3m trimotor monoplane 'Southern Cross', complete the 1st nonstop Trans-Tasman flight over the Tasman Sea from Australia to New Zealand and back (c. 2,500 miles (4,000 km) in 14 hours and 25 minutes) -

1928 - Death of John J. Williams, American aviator, one of the U.S. Army Air Corps' "Three Musketeers", 1st US display team, killed in a crash at Mines Field, Los Angeles.

1929 - 1st flight of The Tupolev R-6 (development name ANT-7), Soviet reconnaissance aircraft and escort fighter.

1930 - The Ford Reliability Tour (or National Air Tour) begins.

1932 - Death of Franciszek Zwirko (Polish sport and military aviator) and Stanislaw Wigura (Polish aircraft designer and aviator) in the crash of their RWD-6 in the forest in Cierlicko near Cieszyn, when the wing broke in a heavy storm. -

1933 - 1st flight of The Breguet Br.521 Bizerte, french long-range military reconnaissance flying boat. -

1935 - Birth of Gherman Stepanovich Titov, Soviet air force pilot and cosmonaut.

1936 - A. B. Yumashev sets a record flight with a 5,000 kilograms (11,000 lb) payload to 8,116 metres (26,627 ft) with a Tupolev TB-3 (ANT-6).

1937 - Birth of Robert Laurel Crippen, US Navy pilot and NASA astronaut.

1940 - Death of John Scatliff Dewar, WWII british fighter pilot, killed in his Hawker Hurricane, probably while attacking bombers while on a routine flight from RAF Exeter to RAF Tangmere, highest RAF ranking officer to be lost during the battle of britain.

1943 - Death of Pierre Le Gloan, French WWII flying ace, in the crash of his Bell P-39 airacobra while trying to make a belly landing after an engine failure. -

1944 - 1st flight of the Gloster Meteor F.3, British jet fighter, in the Derwent I powered with sliding canopy version.

1946 - 1st flight of The North American FJ-1 Fury, 1st operational jet aircraft in the US Navy

1956 - Death of William Avery "Billy" Bishop, Canadian WWI fighter ace, officially credited with 72 victories, making him the top Canadian ace, and according to some sources, the top ace of the British Empire. -

1957 - Death of Harold Ellis 'Moose" Watson, Canadian WWI flying ace, Canadian amateur ice hockey player who won a gold medal for Canada at the 1924 Winter Olympics. -

1962 - A Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-8, Soviet supersonic jet fighter prototype equipped with the Tumansky R-21F-300 engine, also under development, exploded in midair at speed of Mach 2.15. Test pilot Georgy Konstantinovich Mosolov, then one of the leading Soviet test pilots, was severely injured by debris of the compressor and had to eject at Mach 1.78.

1966 - Death of Collett Everman Woolman, one of 4 founders of Delta Air Lines.

1967 - Birth of Randolph James "Komrade" Bresnik, USMC pilot and NASA Astronaut.

1967 - Birth of Amy Lynn Svoboda, American military aviatrix, 1st woman pilot fatality in the USAF.,9642412

1968 – Air Inter Flight 1611 SE-210 Caravelle III crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew. The aircraft was probably hit by a missile, misfired by the French army during a weapon test. The case has been reopened and is still in investigation.

1968 - 1st flight of the Dassault MD-320 'Hirondelle', French 14-seat twin turboprop utility transport aircraft prototype -

1970 - 1st flight of The Britten-Norman Trislander (more formally designated the BN-2A Mk III Trislander), british 18-seat three-engined piston-powered civilian utility aircraft.

1972 - Death of Cyril Frank Uwins, British record breaker and test pilot for Bristol Aircraft where he made the 1st flights of 58 different types of aircraft.

1973 - JAT Airways Flight 769 Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI-N crashed into Maganik mountain killing all 41.

1973 - An AVE Mizar flying car prototype (made by mating the rear portion of a Cessna Skymaster to a Ford Pinto) broke-up in flight over Oxnard, California killing the company founder Henry Smolinski (a Northrop-trained engineer) and the pilot Harold Blake.

1974 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 Douglas DC-9-31 crashes in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 69 passengers and two crew.

1974 - 1st flight of the Bell Model 206L Long Ranger, American two bladed turboshaft helicopter, streched version of the original 206 in a 7 seat configuration.

1981 - Giovanni Carta (John Carta) becomes the 1st man to land with a parachute on the top of the World Trade Center.(he sustained a 50$ fee).

1982 - At an airshow in Mannheim, Germany, a US Army Boeing-Vertol CH-47C Chinook of the 295th Assault Support Helicopter Company—"Cyclones", carrying parachutists crashed, killing 46 people. The crash was later found to be caused by an accumulation of ground walnut shells that had been used to clean the machinery.

1982 - Death of Tubal Claude Ryan, Irish-American aviator, best known for founding several airlines and aviation factories.

1983 - 1st flight of The Agusta A129 Mangusta, italian attack helicopter and 1st attack helicopter to be designed and produced wholly in Western Europe.

1987 - Death of Hervey Rhodes, British WWI flying ace and politician.,_Baron_Rhodes -

1988 - Death of Wilhelm "Willi" Batz, German WWII fighter ace. - -

1991 - Death of Rudolf Kaiser, German glider designer who worked for Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co.

1991 - Continental Express Flight 2574 Embraer EMB 120RT Brasilia crashed near Eagle Lake, Texas (Maintenance error leading to Structural Failure) as it was approaching the runway for landing, killing all 14 people on boar

1994 - Death of Friedrich Schmiedl, Austrian Rocket pionneer.

1995 - NASA Pathfinder, American solar- and fuel-cell-system-powered unmanned aerial vehicles, set an unofficial altitude record for solar powered aircraft of 50,000 feet (15,000 m) during a 12 hour flight from NASA Dryden.

1996 - 1st flight of the Boeing Bird of Prey, American black project aircraft, intended to demonstrate stealth technology.

1997 – NASA's Mars Global Surveyor reaches Mars.

2001 - 4 jet-liners, 2 each of American Airlines and United Airlines, are hijacked and crashed in the September 11 terrorist attacks, killing more than 3,000 people. Among the victims was Charles Edward ("Chuck") Jones, USAF pilot and NASA Astronaut.,_2001_Terrorist_Attack

* American Airlines Flight 11 Boeing 767-223ER

* United Airlines Flight 175 Boeing 767-222

* American Airlines Flight 77 - Boeing 757-223

* United Airlines Flight 93 - Boeing 757–222

* Charles Edward ("Chuck") Jones

2004 - Greek Army Boeing Vertol CH-47SD crashed into the sea off Mount Athos. All 17 people on board were killed, including 4 senior figures in the Greek Orthodox Church, including Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria. -