On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 2 nd

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1849 - Frenchman Francisque Arban takes off for the 1st free balloon flight over the alps (Marseille-Subini near Turin).

1890 - Birth of Robert Joseph Delannoy, French WWI flying ace who also served in WWII. -

1891 - 1st parachute descent by a Canadian woman is made by Nellie Lamount from a hot-air balloon at the Great Eastern Exhibition at Sherbrooke,


1892 - Birth of Hans-Eberhardt Gandert, German WWI flying ace and high ranking WWII luftwaffe officer. -

1892 - Birth of Louis William Jarvis, British WWI flying ace

1895 - Birth of Jean Pierre Marie Joseph de Gaillard de la Valden, French WWI flying ace -

1908 - Birth of Valentin Petrovich Glushko (or Valentyn Petrovych Hlushko), Soviet engineer, and principal Soviet "Chief Designer" of spacecraft and rockets during the Soviet/American Space Race.

1916 - German Schutte-Lanz airship SL11 is destroyed to the north of London by a BE2c flown by Lieutenant W. Leefe-Robinson. 1st German airship to be shot down over Britain.

1918 - Birth of Miguel Zambudio Martínez, Spanish Republican flying ace of the civil war. -

1918 - Death of Valentine St. Barbe Collins, British WWI flying ace.

1918 - Death of Arthur William Keen, British WWI fighter ace, died from wounds after havin been severely burned in a flying accident one month before. -

1922 - Birth of Ross Forest "Robby" Robinson, US navy WWII pilot and member of the Blue Angels demontration team.

1925 - USS Shenandoah ZR-1 (US Zeppelin) departed Lakehurst on a promotional flight to the Midwest which would include flyovers of 40 cities and visits to state fairs. This will be his las flight.

1927 - 1st flight of the Focke-Wulf F 19 Ente, German experimental "tail-first" aircraft, twin engine high-wing monoplane with a canard layout and fixed tricycle undercarriage with an open cockpit and an enclosed cabin for 2-3 passengers.

1927 - French Léon Givon and Pierre-Charles Corbu took off from Le Bourget in an attempt to fly to New-York with the Farman F-180 'Oiseau bleu', French twin tandem engined Biplane airliner designed to fly non-stop between Paris and New York. They landed back at Le Bourget 4 hr later officially due to bad weather but most probably because of the insability of the aircraft.

1927 - Death of Anne Löwenstein-Wertheim Princess of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (born Lady Anne Savile), British aviation pionneer, she disappeared with her Fokker in North Atlantic sea.

1927 - Mexican Aviator Emilio Carranza Rodríguez, flying a all-wood constructed airplane with a a 185 hp BMW engine, named Coahuila, flew from Mexico City to Ciudad Juarez in 10hrs, 2nd longest flight flown by a Mexican Pilot.

1930 - Death of Raoul Stojsavljevic, Austro-Hungarian WWI flying ace, airliner pilot who founded and directed the new Innsbruck airport, Killed inthe crash of his Junkers F.13 through thick fog into the Krottenkopf mountain. -

1930 - 1st non-stop east-west crossing by a fixed-wing aircraft of the North Atlantic is done by French Dieudonne Costes and Maurice Bellonte landing their Breguet Super Bidon named 'Point d'Interrogation' in New-York, flying a distance of 6,200 km (3,900 mi) from Paris.

1931 - Lowell R. Bayles flying the Granville Gee Bee Model Z 'City of Springfield' won the Goodyear Trophy race, run over a course of 50 miles (80 km) at an average speed of 205 miles per hour (330 km/h) in Cleveland. -

1937 - 1st flight of The Grumman F4F Wildcat, American carrier-based WWII fighter aircraft.

1939 - 1st flight of The Messerschmitt Me 210, German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft, designed to replace the Bf 110 in heavy fighter role -

1939 - The Advanced Air Striking Force (AASF) is deployed to France. The AASF initially comprised twelve squadrons, 10 equipped with Fairey Battle light bombers and 2 equipped with Hawker Hurricane single-seat fighters and is commanded by Air Vice Marshal P.H.L. Playfair.

1940 - HMS Ark Royal Conducts 2 air strikes (Operations "Smash" and "Grab") with Swordfish bombers on Cagliari.

1942 - 1st flight of The Antonov A-40 Krylya Tanka ("tank wings"), Soviet attempt to allow a tank to glide into a battlefield after being towed aloft by an airplane, to support airborne forces or partisans. A T-60 light tank bearing large wood and fabric biplane wings and twin tail was tested, piloted by the famous Soviet experimental glider pilot Sergei Anokhin. The T-60 landed on a field near the airdrome, and after dropping the glider wings and tail, the driver returned it to its base. Due to Lack of sufficiently-powerful aircraft to tow it at the required 160 km/h (99 mph), the project was abandoned.

1942 - 1st flight of The Hawker Tempest, British fighter aircraft, improved derivative of the Hawker Typhoon, and one of the most powerful fighter aircraft used during WWII.

1943 - Death of Franz Schiess, WWII german fighter ace, probably shot down in his Bf 109 G-6 by a P-38 near Iscia , Italy, while attacking a USAAF B-25 bomber formation.

1944 - Birth of Claude Nicollier, Swiss test pilot and 1st Swiss Spationaut.

1944 - George Herbert Walker Bush (future president), Flying his Grumman TBM Avenger, is hit by flak and his engine caught on fire. Despite this, he completed his attack over Japanese installations on Chichijima and released bombs over his target, scoring several damaging hits. He flew several miles from the island before bailing out.

1944 – In an experiment with the use of the F4U Corsair as a fighter-bomber, Charles Lindbergh—the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean—flies a bombing mission in an F4U as a civilian consultant with United Aircraft, dropping one 2,000-lb (907-kg) and two 1,000-pound (454-kg) bombs on Japanese positions in the Marshall Islands.

1945 – At the conclusion of the surrender ceremony aboard the U. S. Navy battleship USS Missouri (BB-63) in Tokyo Bay, in which Japan formally surrenders to the Allies to end World War II, 450 Allied carrier planes and several hundred U. S. Army Air Forces aircraft perform a victory fly-by over the ships in the bay.

1947 - 1st flight of the Breguet Br 731, French 4 engined transport flying boat prototype, re-engined version of the Breguet Br 730. -

1947 - 1st flight of The Hawker Sea Hawk (private venture P.1040), British single-seat jet fighter for the Fleet air Arm.

1948 - Australian National Airways Douglas DC-3 'Lutana' crashed into high terrain due to navigation equipment errors, killing all 13 on board near Nundle, New South Wales, Australia.

1948 - Birth of Christa McAuliffe, American teacher and NASA Astronaut, one of the seven crew members killed in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.

1949 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH 112 Venom, British postwar single-engined jet fighter Bomber developed from the de Havilland Vampire

1953 - Birth of Gerhard Paul Julius Thiele, German physicist and ESA Astronaut.

1953 - A world record speed of 690mph over a 100 kilometre closed course is set by Brigadier General J. Stanley Holtoner of the United States Air Force (USAF), flying a North American F86D Sabre fighter at Ohio.

1956 - A Bell H-13H flown by an Army pilot stayed in the air for 57hr and 50min, an unofficial world's record

1956 - 1st direct transatlantic flight by a 'V-bomber', a Vickers Valiant, is made between Lowring Air Force Base in Maine and RAF Marham in a time of 6 hours 25 minutes.

1958 – A USAF C-130A-II is shot down by 4 MiG-17s over Yerevan in Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew members are killed.

1958 - Independent Air Travel Vickers VC.1 Viking cargo flight reported engine problems just after takeoff from Heathrow and requested a return to Blackbushe Airport. Pilot error following engine failure conducted to a crash into a row of houses on Kelvin Gardens, Southall, killing all 3 crew and 4 people, a mother and 3 children, on the ground.

1966 - During the Canadian International Air Show (Toronto, Ontario), US Navy Blue Angels pilot Lt. Cmdr. Dick Oliver was killed when he crashed his F-11 Tiger into a breakwater at Toronto Island Airport

1978 - Death of Charles F. Blair, Jr., American WWII Pilot, USAF Brigadier General, US Navy aviator, test pilot, airline pilot, and airline owner. Killed in the crash into ocean due to an engine failure of his Grumman Goose.,_Jr.#Death

1981 - Death of Antonio Gallus, Italian Air force pilot, killed in his Fiat G-91 while training with the Aerobatic team Frecce Tricolori, colliding with another plane. -

1986 - Henk and Evelyn Brink of the Netherlands make a record-breaking flight across the Atlantic in a Cameron combined hot-air/helium balloon. They fly from St Johns in Newfoundland to near Amsterdam in around 50 hours

1995 - A RAF Hawker Siddeley Nimrod MR.2P stalled during a low altitude turn and crashed into Lake Ontario during the Canadian International Air Show, Killing all 7 on board.

1996 - Soyuz TM-23, Russian mission to MIR, is back on earth.

1998 - Permtransavia Antonov AN-26B is shot down by UNITA rebels near Malanje Airport Angola. All 24 people on board were killed.

1998 - 1st flight of The Boeing 717, American twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, developed for the 100-seat market, designed and marketed by McDonnell Douglas as the MD-95, a 3rd-generation derivative of the DC-9.

1998 – Swissair Flight 111 McDonnell Douglas MD-11 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.

2006 – A Royal Air Force Hawker-Siddeley Nimrod MR.2 NATO reconnaissance plane, crashes near Kandahar, Afghanistan after a fire and explosion caused by a fuel leak. All 14 crew on board are killed.

2008 – ExpressJet Airlines ended operations as an independent carrier.

2009 - Andhra Pradesh Government Bell 430 crashed near Rudrakonda Hill, 40 nautical miles (74 km) from Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, after a Spatial disorientation resulting from a mechanical failure, Killing all 5 on board including Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, the Chief Minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

2010 - A NASA Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), succesfully flew into hurricane "Earl".

2011 - Chilean Air Force Casa C-212 Aviocar 300DF crashed on its third approach (due to strong winds) into the sea off Robinson Crusoe Island, Chile, Killing all 21.