On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 20th

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1868 - Birth of August Heinrich Euler, German aviation pioneer and aircraft designer, holder of the first Germany Pilots licence.

1887 - Birth of Miguel Lebrija Urtetegui, Early mexican aviator.

1893 - Birth of Percy Kyme Hobson, British WWI flying ace -

1894 - Birth of Ernest Joseph Jules Maunoury, French WWI flying ace. -

1896 - Birth of Herbert James Edwards, Australian WWI fighter ace.

1897 - Birth of Frederick George Harlock, British WWI flying ace

1907 - Birth of Miguel García Pardo, Spanish Nationalist flying ace of the civil war, credited with the only victory flying a He 112 in Spain.

1912 - 1st flight of The Burga monoplane, British prototype built by Avro for R.F. Burga to test his unique system of lateral control. It was a single engined two seat monoplane, fitted with differentially operated surfaces above and below the central fuselage.

1913 - Frenchman Jules Vedrines, in a Blériot monoplane, takes off from Nacy, France for a flight to Cairo, Egypt. The flight will last one month.

1916 - The Uruguayan Escuela Militar de Aeoronautica is founded.

1917 - Death of Thomas Frederick Stephenson, British WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Bristol fighter. -

1917 - Death of Edward Patrick Hartigan, Irish WWI flying ace, and his observer, David Sidney Hall, Scottish WWI flying ace, killed in action in their D.H.4. -

1919 - 1st municipal airport in the USA opens in Tucson, Arizona and is still in use today.

1924 - Alan Cobham, A. Elliott and Sir Sefton Branker takes off in de Havilland DH50 to fly from London to Rangoon in Burma and back

1927 - Birth of Ed W. "Too Tall" Freeman, US Army helicopter pilot.

1933 - Lieutenant Commander Thomas Greenhow Williams "Tex" Settle and Major Chester L. Fordney, 2 US Navy officers, establish a new balloon altitude record at Akron in Ohio. They ascend to 18,665 metres (61,237 feet) in the 'Century of Progress'.

1935 - Death of Dalmazio Birago, Italian aviator, due to severe wounds received during a bombing mission during the Ethiopian war.

1937 - Flight Officer A.E. Clouston and Mrs Betty Kirby-Green lands back in London from Cape town with the de havilland DH.88 comet 'The Burberry'. Return trip was completed in 57 hrs 23 min.

1937 - 1st flight of the Abrams P-1 Explorer, American purpose-designed aerial photography and survey aircraft, low-wing metal monoplane with twin booms and a central nacelle for the pilot and camera equipment.

1945 - 1st flight of The Saab 91 Safir, Swedish 3/4seater, single engine trainer aircraft.

1945 - The Boeing B-29 'Pacusan Dreamboat' sets a world nonstop distance record of 8,198 miles on a flight from Guam to Washington, D.C.

1949 - Aero Holland Douglas DC-3 (C-47A-25-DK) crash in Hurum southwest of Oslo, Norway as it was approaching Fornebu Airport killing 34. A 12-year old boy named Isaac Allal was the only survivor.

1949 - Birth of Kenneth Donald Cameron, American engineer, US navy test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1953 - 1st person to fly at twice the speed of sound is Albert Scott Crossfield in a Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket at a speed of 1,291 mph (2,078 km/h, Mach 2.005) -

1954 - Death of Clyde Vernon Cessna, American aircraft designer, aviator, and founder of the Cessna Aircraft Corporation.

1961 - Ranger 2, Ranger spacecraft system of the NASA Ranger program, is back on earth.

1964 - Linjeflyg Flight 277 Convair CV-340 Metropolitan crashed during the approach to Ängelholm-Helsingborg Airport (AFB 10 Ängelholm), Sweden, after the crew had aborted approaches to 2 previous scheduled destinations due to bad weather and low visibility. A faulty course and misplaced approach radio beacons drove the plane to crash which killed 31 over 43.

1967 - TWA Flight 128 Convair 880 struck trees on final approach and crashed 9,357 feet short and 429 feet right of the extended centerline of the runway at Greater Cincinnati Airport killing 70 over 82.

1968 - Birth of James Patrick "Mash" Dutton Jr., USAF test pilot and NASA astronaut

1969 - Apollo 12 is back on earth

1969 - Nigeria Airways Flight 825 Vickers VC-10 crashed while on approach to Lagos International Airport in Lagos, Nigeria killing all 87.

1974 - Lufthansa flight 540 Boeing 747-130 crashes and burns moments after takeoff at Kenyatta International Airport, Nairobi, Kenya, killing 59 people. 1st major accident involving the Boeing 747.

1981 - 1st flight of the Dassault-Breguet 'Mirage' F1CR, reconnaissance version of the French air-superiority fighter and attack aircraft. -

1984 - Briton Julian Nott sets altitude, distance and duration world records for the pressurised balloon class.

1990 - Space shuttle Atlantis mission STS-38 is back on earth

1991 – An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend district of Azerbaijan.

1993 - Avioimpex Flight 110 Yakovlev Yak-42 crashed near Ohrid Macedonia after a missed approach and broken equipments on ground, killing all 116 on board

1993 - Launch of Solidaridad I, Mexican communications satellite.

1995 - STS-74, Space Shuttle Atlantis mission to the Mir space station, is back on earth

1998 – 1st module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched.

1999 - Shenzhou 1, People's Republic of China 1st unmanned spacecraft, is back on earth

2003 - Death of Erich Klöckner, german aviation pioneer and test pilot.